Greek Drama. I. Theater. Fifth century B.C.E (600’s) Plays performed in “ Theatron ” or “ Koilon ,“ a sloping, horseshoe shaped ampitheatre Priest of Dionysus presides over proceedings, sits in front The Theater of Dionysus in Athens holds 17,000.
F. Stage includes altar and “skene”—the façade of a house.
G. Actors roll out of skene on a cart called the “Eccyclema”
H. Actors playing gods descend from above by a “machine” that lowers.
1. Today Dues ex Machina(“God from the machine”)refers to cheap, illogical endings to a story
1. City Dinoysia
D. Types (a contest was held for the best in each category)
1. “Dithyramb” a choral ode to Dionysus, sung by 50
1. the process by which a story purges one of an emotion; a play arouses feelings of anger, pity, sympathy, then erases that emotion through catharsis
C. “Tragic Flaw/Tragic Hero”
1. Aristotle insists that a play’s hero must be someone respected and prosperous, but not especially virtuous. The tragic hero encounters misfortune due to “some error of judgment…” (qtd. xvii)