The constitution
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The Constitution PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Constitution . It had to be Ratified. Needed 9 states to approve it. When punished in the newspaper. Debates sprung all around. Two Groups . Anti-Federalist. Supporters of the Constitution. Wanted a strong national gov. Ensure the nations ability to protect it-self.

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The Constitution

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The Constitution


It had to be Ratified

  • Needed 9 states to approve it.

  • When punished in the newspaper. Debates sprung all around


Two Groups

Anti-Federalist

Supporters of the Constitution.

Wanted a strong national gov.

Ensure the nations ability to protect it-self

Opponents of the Constitution

Feared strong gov. endangered people liberates and rights.

Federalist


Federalist Papers

  • The Collection of 85 essays

  • Written in 1787-1788

  • James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton wrote the essays that were published in several newspapers.

  • Washington and Franklin persuaded many Americans to support the New Constitution.

  • By 1790 all 13 states has ratified the Document


John Jay

  • “This country and this people seem to have been made for each other.”


Preamble

Of the Constitution


What does it say ?

  • The preamble describes the purpose of the government set up by the constitution.

  • Americans expect their government to defend justice and liberty and provide peace and safety from foreign enemies.


The Goals of our Gov.

  • Form a more Perfect Union

  • Establish Justice

  • Insure Domestic Tranquility

  • Provide for the Common Defense

  • Promote General Welfare

  • Secure the blessing of liberty

    Which goal of Gov. pledges to protect our basic freedoms?


Article I

Congress


  • All legislative powers are vested in a Congress.

Article I

Section 1


  • House of Representatives

  • Election of member

  • Qualifications

  • Apportionment

  • Officers; Impeachment

Article I

Section 2


  • Senate

  • Election of member

  • Qualifications

  • Offices; President of the Senate

  • Impeachment

Article I

Section 3


Impeachment

  • High Crimes and Misdemeanors

  • Bribery, perjury, and treason.

  • misconduct in office

  • Abuse of power


Impeachment

  • The trial is held In the senate

  • The Senate serve as the Judges

  • if President is being tried the Chief Justice presides

  • Convicted by 2/3 votes

  • Cant hold any other office

  • Subject to indictment, ect.


Why did the Framers make it difficult to impeach government officials?


  • Each state legislature can decide when and how congressional elections take place.

  • Congress assemble once year.

Article I

Section 4

1872 congress decided elections be held in every state on the same date in even-number years


  • Organized

  • Rules-2/3 expel

  • Record-yeas/nays

  • Adjournment- no more than three days unless approved. Need to be in the same city

Article I

Section 5


  • Compensation for their service.

  • Be privileged from arrest.

  • Restriction on other employment.

Article I

Section 6


  • How a bill becomes a law

Article I

Section 7


  • The Powers of Congress

Article I

Section 8


Terms to know

  • Naturalization-process whereby a foreigner becomes a citizen.

  • The Elastic Clause-It let Congress stretch the meaning of its power.


Powers include

  • Coining of Money

  • Regulate Commerce

  • Declare War

  • Raise and Support Armies

  • Lay and collect Taxes


  • Powers denied to Congress

Article I

Section 9


Terms to Know

  • Writ of Habeas Corpus-is a court order to bring someone to court and explain why they are being held

  • Bill of Attainder-a law declaring that a person is guilty of particular crime.


Terms to Know

  • Ex Post Facto law-punishes an act which was not illegal when it was committed.

  • Appropriates-Federal Gov. cannot spend money unless passed by a bill. Must publish statement of how money was spent.


Grant letters of Marque and reprisal

Were documents issued by Gov. allowing merchant ships arm themselves and attack ships of an enemy nation. (They are no longer issued)


  • Powers denied to the State

  • The writers of Constitution Did not want the states to act like separate nations

Article I

Section 10


  • Term of four years

  • Qualifications

  • Succession

  • Salary

  • Oath of Office

Article II

Section 1


  • Military Power

  • Treaties

  • Duties

  • Impeachment

Article II

Section 2


terms

  • Reprieve- suspends punishment ordered by law

  • Pardon-prevents prosecution for a crime or overrides the judgment


Treaties in force

  • http://www.state.gov/s/l/treaty/tif/index.htm

  • http://www.state.gov/s/l/treaty/tias/2013/index.htm

  • Indian treaties

  • http://americanart.si.edu/exhibitions/online/catlinclassroom/lessonplans/al-bplan.html


State of Union

  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/state-of-the-union-2013#behind-the-scenes

  • Annotate

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8YYsHi1fzIk

  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2013/01/21/inaugural-address-president-barack-obama speech


Article III

The Supreme Court


  • Judicial Power vested in a Supreme Court

  • Hold Office for Life

  • Receive Pay

Article III

Section 1


  • Judicial power shall extend in all cases.

  • Appellate jurisdiction

  • Trial by jury

Article III

Section 2


Supreme Court

Appellate Jurisdiction

Means the power of a court to hear a case where it arises.

Does not decide guilt, decides whether to lower court trial was properly conducted and review lower court decision.

Original Jurisdiction


  • Treason against the United States

  • Congress has the power to declare the punishment

Article III

Section 3


Article IV

Relations among the States


Article V

The amendment process


The Process

  • Use the paper provided to complete the task at hand.

  • You have 10 min

  • When done put your pencil and pull out your constitution ready to check your work.


Article VI

Supremacy Clause


Article VI

  • National Debts

  • Law of the Land

  • Oath of Offices

  • Federal law supersedes state law when a conflict exists


Article VII

Ratification


Article VII

  • Needed 9 states to ratify

  • By 1788 the required 9 was done.

  • The Constitution was done in Convention on September 17, 1787


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