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The Constitution . It had to be Ratified. Needed 9 states to approve it. When punished in the newspaper. Debates sprung all around. Two Groups . Anti-Federalist. Supporters of the Constitution. Wanted a strong national gov. Ensure the nations ability to protect it-self.

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The Constitution

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The constitution

The Constitution

It had to be ratified

It had to be Ratified

  • Needed 9 states to approve it.

  • When punished in the newspaper. Debates sprung all around

Two groups

Two Groups


Supporters of the Constitution.

Wanted a strong national gov.

Ensure the nations ability to protect it-self

Opponents of the Constitution

Feared strong gov. endangered people liberates and rights.


Federalist papers

Federalist Papers

  • The Collection of 85 essays

  • Written in 1787-1788

  • James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton wrote the essays that were published in several newspapers.

  • Washington and Franklin persuaded many Americans to support the New Constitution.

  • By 1790 all 13 states has ratified the Document

John jay

John Jay

  • “This country and this people seem to have been made for each other.”



Of the Constitution

What does it say

What does it say ?

  • The preamble describes the purpose of the government set up by the constitution.

  • Americans expect their government to defend justice and liberty and provide peace and safety from foreign enemies.

The goals of our gov

The Goals of our Gov.

  • Form a more Perfect Union

  • Establish Justice

  • Insure Domestic Tranquility

  • Provide for the Common Defense

  • Promote General Welfare

  • Secure the blessing of liberty

    Which goal of Gov. pledges to protect our basic freedoms?

Article i

Article I


Article i1

  • All legislative powers are vested in a Congress.

Article I

Section 1

Article i2

  • House of Representatives

  • Election of member

  • Qualifications

  • Apportionment

  • Officers; Impeachment

Article I

Section 2

Article i3

  • Senate

  • Election of member

  • Qualifications

  • Offices; President of the Senate

  • Impeachment

Article I

Section 3



  • High Crimes and Misdemeanors

  • Bribery, perjury, and treason.

  • misconduct in office

  • Abuse of power



  • The trial is held In the senate

  • The Senate serve as the Judges

  • if President is being tried the Chief Justice presides

  • Convicted by 2/3 votes

  • Cant hold any other office

  • Subject to indictment, ect.

Why did the framers make it difficult to impeach government officials

Why did the Framers make it difficult to impeach government officials?

Article i4

  • Each state legislature can decide when and how congressional elections take place.

  • Congress assemble once year.

Article I

Section 4

1872 congress decided elections be held in every state on the same date in even-number years

Article i5

  • Organized

  • Rules-2/3 expel

  • Record-yeas/nays

  • Adjournment- no more than three days unless approved. Need to be in the same city

Article I

Section 5

Article i6

  • Compensation for their service.

  • Be privileged from arrest.

  • Restriction on other employment.

Article I

Section 6

Article i7

  • How a bill becomes a law

Article I

Section 7

Article i8

  • The Powers of Congress

Article I

Section 8

Terms to know

Terms to know

  • Naturalization-process whereby a foreigner becomes a citizen.

  • The Elastic Clause-It let Congress stretch the meaning of its power.

Powers include

Powers include

  • Coining of Money

  • Regulate Commerce

  • Declare War

  • Raise and Support Armies

  • Lay and collect Taxes

Article i9

  • Powers denied to Congress

Article I

Section 9

Terms to know1

Terms to Know

  • Writ of Habeas Corpus-is a court order to bring someone to court and explain why they are being held

  • Bill of Attainder-a law declaring that a person is guilty of particular crime.

Terms to know2

Terms to Know

  • Ex Post Facto law-punishes an act which was not illegal when it was committed.

  • Appropriates-Federal Gov. cannot spend money unless passed by a bill. Must publish statement of how money was spent.

Grant letters of marque and reprisal

Grant letters of Marque and reprisal

Were documents issued by Gov. allowing merchant ships arm themselves and attack ships of an enemy nation. (They are no longer issued)

Article i10

  • Powers denied to the State

  • The writers of Constitution Did not want the states to act like separate nations

Article I

Section 10

Article ii

  • Term of four years

  • Qualifications

  • Succession

  • Salary

  • Oath of Office

Article II

Section 1

Article ii1

  • Military Power

  • Treaties

  • Duties

  • Impeachment

Article II

Section 2



  • Reprieve- suspends punishment ordered by law

  • Pardon-prevents prosecution for a crime or overrides the judgment

Treaties in force

Treaties in force



  • Indian treaties


State of union

State of Union


  • Annotate


  • speech

Article iii

Article III

The Supreme Court

Article iii1

  • Judicial Power vested in a Supreme Court

  • Hold Office for Life

  • Receive Pay

Article III

Section 1

Article iii2

  • Judicial power shall extend in all cases.

  • Appellate jurisdiction

  • Trial by jury

Article III

Section 2

Supreme court

Supreme Court

Appellate Jurisdiction

Means the power of a court to hear a case where it arises.

Does not decide guilt, decides whether to lower court trial was properly conducted and review lower court decision.

Original Jurisdiction

Article iii3

  • Treason against the United States

  • Congress has the power to declare the punishment

Article III

Section 3

Article iv

Article IV

Relations among the States

Article v

Article V

The amendment process

The process

The Process

  • Use the paper provided to complete the task at hand.

  • You have 10 min

  • When done put your pencil and pull out your constitution ready to check your work.

Article vi

Article VI

Supremacy Clause

Article vi1

Article VI

  • National Debts

  • Law of the Land

  • Oath of Offices

  • Federal law supersedes state law when a conflict exists

Article vii

Article VII


Article vii1

Article VII

  • Needed 9 states to ratify

  • By 1788 the required 9 was done.

  • The Constitution was done in Convention on September 17, 1787

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