Disaster Risk Reduction National Coordinating Mechanisms
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Disaster Risk Reduction National Coordinating Mechanisms in Germany. Presentation by DKKV. Context of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in Germany. Germany has a National Platform , the German Committee for Disaster Reduction (DKKV) :

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Disaster Risk Reduction National Coordinating Mechanisms in Germany

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Disaster risk reduction national coordinating mechanisms in germany

Disaster Risk Reduction National Coordinating Mechanisms

in

Germany

Presentation by DKKV


Context of disaster risk reduction drr in germany

Context of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in Germany

Germany has a National Platform, the German Committee for Disaster Reduction (DKKV) :

The National Platform was launched during IDNDR in 1991; DKKV is a non-profit association

The National Platform was promoted by the Federal Foreign Office as National Partner within the IDNDR based on the commitment of the Federal Government to international humanitarian and development assistance

DKKV is the HFA focal point in Germany, mandated with reporting on the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action


Legal framework for drr and drr national plan

Legal Framework for DRR and DRR National Plan

A complex and very diverse structure in a federal system

The legal framework :

Risk Reduction:Because of the cross cutting nature of risk reduction, different aspects are integrated into the portfolio of a number of ministries (internally: Interior, Environment, Research, Transport and Building; externally: Foreign, Development)

Disaster Management : Responsibility lies with the Ministries of Interior of the Länder and the Federal Government but also with communal structures, who run the fire brigades. The governmental structures are based on a huge support structure of volunteer organisations.


Drr in sectoral policies natural resources and water management ecosystem services

DRR in Sectoral Policies : natural resources and water management, ecosystem services

The main actors are governmental agencies like:

National meteorological service

Flood forecasting and monitoring centres

Environmental agencies

Governmental laws with reference to standard norms are effective instruments for the implementation


Drr in sectoral policies climate change adaptation

DRR in Sectoral Policies : Climate change adaptation

On the climate scene, mitigation is still more prominent than adaptation

Chaired by the Federal Environment Agency (UBA) a national adaptation strategy for Germany (DAS) is under development. The strategy is developed in a participatory way, integrating all relevant stakeholders.

DKKV is a member of the Working Group for DAS.

DKKV is official partner to the UNFCCC in the implementation of the Nairobi Work Programme.


Drr in sectoral policies urban planning

DRR in Sectoral Policies: Urban planning

The communities are in charge of the land and city planning. They are asked to integrate

Risk assessment

Anticipated effects of climate

into their land and city planning.

Building norms, anchored in governmental legislation, regulate

resistance with regard to fire, strong winds and earthquakes


Drr in sectoral policies water flood management

DRR in Sectoral Policies: Water/Flood Management

Within the European Communities directive for flood management the Länder are in charge of risk assessment in Germany.

Flood protection is responsibility of Länder or districts

Flood management is responsibility of the communities with support of the Länder


Activities and results of the national platform and focal point

Activities and Results of the National Platform and Focal Point

Contribution to UN/ISDR processes and initiatives

Founding member and current chair of a European network of National Platforms for DRR

Improvement of disaster management

Development of public databases

Development of Flyers for awareness raising

Education/Courses for school children

Contribution to the development of a National Plan of Adaptation to Climate Change


Activities and results of the national platform and focal point1

Activities and Results of the National Platform and Focal Point

Contribution to the Nairobi Work Programme of UNFCCC

Contribution to the preparation of the white paper on climate change adaptation by European Commission (with DKKV acting as presidency of the European Network)

Contribution to the case study by European Commission on disaster prevention

Proposal in the framework of FP7 on coordinated research on Natural Hazards

Ongoing projects with interior, private sector and development agencies on different aspects of DRR

Knowledge sharing by a number of workshops, meetings, conferences


Strengths and weaknesses of the np in germany

Strengths and Weaknesses of the NP in Germany

  • Strengths

  • Plurality of actors engaged in the NP

  • Dedicated members from governmental agencies, scientific institutions and organisations, media, private sector, humanitarian and development organizations

  • NP accepted as uniquely qualified for cross-sectoral, inter-disciplinary aspects of DRR

  • Well interlinked on the regional and international level

  • Structure of an association

  • Weaknesses

  • Limited resources and capacities

  • Not directly involved in decision making processes at the governmental level


Annex

Annex

  • Institutional Actors and Stakeholders

    • Network in Normal Times

    • Network in Crisis Situations


Institutional actors and stakeholders in normal times

Institutional Actors and Stakeholders in Normal Times

International

Governmental Sector

Civil Society

Research &education

European Union

National

Federal Foreign Office

UN system

District

Ministry of the Interior

Federal Agency for Technical Relief

Local

District

Admin

NGOs such as the German Committee for Disaster Reduction (DKKV)

Ministry for the Environment

Communal Administration

Laender

Development Cooperation such as the GTZ

Voluntary Fire Brigades

Ministry Economic Cooperation

Households

Business

Ministry of Transport

Industry

Insurers

Private Sector


Institutional actors and stakeholders in crisis situations

Institutional Actors and Stakeholders in Crisis Situations

International

European Union

Governmental Sector

Civil Society

National

Federal Armed Forces

Federal Agency for Technical Relief

UN system

District

German/International Red Cross

Federal Foreign Office

Local

District

Admin

Communal Administration

NGOs

NGOs

Ministry of the Interior

Voluntary Fire Brigades

Laender

Households

Ministry Economic Cooperation

GTZ

Industry

Insurers

Private Sector


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