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Restrain of Reptiles. Restraint???. Reptiles husbandry tools. Hooks Forceps Probes. Use the hook for restraining the head. Snakes. Grasp behind mandible with thumb and forefinger Or place thumb and middle finger behind occiput with the index finger on top of the head.

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reptiles husbandry tools
Reptiles husbandry tools
  • Hooks
  • Forceps
  • Probes
snakes
Snakes
  • Grasp behind mandible with thumb and forefinger
  • Or place thumb and middle finger behind occiput with the index finger on top of the head.
  • Support the body with the other hand
lizards
Lizards
  • When picking up a lizard, pin down the head first then wrap fingers around the neck and pectoral girdle.
  • With the other hand, near the pelvis, hold the legs and tail.
lizard handling
Lizard Handling
  • Restraint of a bearded dragon
iguanas
Iguanas
  • Never grab a lizard by its tail
slide18
A “hands-off” examination of the animal in its enclosure should be performed before a routine “hands-on” examination.
  • Eyes should be clear and free of discharge.The oral cavity should be opened with care because aggressive manipulation can lead to broken teeth, beak (chelonians), or damage to the mucous membranes.
slide19
A rubber spatula or folded piece of radiographic film or credit card may be gently inserted into the mouth of a lizard or snake to visualize the oral cavity
  • The skin should be clean and free of defects.
  • The limbs should be checked for range of motion and palpated for any skeletal deformities
physical exam lizards
Physical Exam- Lizards
  • Lizards also have no diaphragm, careful not to squeeze the breath out of them.
  • Gila monster and beaded lizards are poisonous.
  • Examine rostral end of animal for evidence of damage due to leaping against glass or nasal discharge. Feel the jaw for softness (evidence of osteodystrophy). If skeletal or soft tissue abnormalities are found- do radiographs.
vago vagal response
Vago-vagal response
  • Used to temporarily restrain most small lizards and some turtles and tortoises.
  • Apply gentle digital pressure on eyes for a few moments- induces a 20-30 second drop in blood pressure and heart rate. Will remain quiet and motionless for a few minutes.
  • Loud noises or other external stimuli can abolish the effect. Can be repeated.
chelonians turtles and tortoises
Chelonians- Turtles and Tortoises
  • Grasp turtles or tortoises by the shell laterally just cranial to the hind limbs
  • Be very careful with snapping and soft-shelled turtles- very long necks.
  • Tend to relax when turned upside down.
  • Soft-shelled- use cloth or gloves for a secure hold.
chelonians
Chelonians
  • To examine the head- can remove with a large pair of forceps and then place thumb and forefinger behind the occipital condyles.
  • Better way- to examine either end, Can push on the opposite end desired into the shell to cause the desired end to leave the shell due to space limitations.
chelonians1
Chelonians
  • Handling of a large turtle or tortoise
chelonians2
Chelonians
  • Small turtle
physical exam chelonians
Physical exam - Chelonians
  • May have to anesthetize to examine head closely. Observe for nasal discharge, and check tympanic membrane for concavity. Convexity may be due to otitis media.
  • Can check for dehydration as in small animals
pe cont
PE- cont……
  • Check shell for hemorrhage or softness- can be due to nutritional deficiencies, bacteria or trauma.
  • Palpate extremities
  • Check cloaca for swelling or discharge. If feces are available, can perform a fecal float.
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