Eukaryotic cells
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 15

Eukaryotic Cells PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 66 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Eukaryotic Cells. Eukaryotic cell – 1 st cell with internal compartments called organelles; an organism whose cells have a nucleus. Organelle- structure that carries out specific activities in the cell 2 Types: Animal Cell Plant Cell. 2 Types of Eukaryotic Cell. Animal Cell. Plant Cell.

Download Presentation

Eukaryotic Cells

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Eukaryotic cells

Eukaryotic Cells


Eukaryotic cells

Eukaryotic cell – 1st cell with internal compartments called organelles; an organism whose cells have a nucleus.

Organelle- structure that carries out specific activities in the cell

2 Types:

  • Animal Cell

  • Plant Cell


2 types of eukaryotic cell

2 Types of Eukaryotic Cell

Animal Cell

Plant Cell


Organelles

Organelles

  • Cell membrane

    • Doubled layer of phospholipids:

      • Hydrophilic ( water loving) layer

      • Hydrophobic ( water fearing) layer

    • Proteins embedded in the bilayer, which allows sodium, potassium, chloride, and calcium to pass through.


Eukaryotic cells

2. Cytosol:

  • The cytosol is the "soup" within which all the other cell organelles reside

  • where most of the cellular metabolism occurs.

  • Though mostly water, the cytosol is full of proteins that control cell metabolism

    3. Cytoplasm:

  • This is a collective term for the cytosol plus the organelles suspended within the cytosol.


Eukaryotic cells

4. Cell Wall (plant cells only):

  • Plant cells have a rigid, protective cell wall made up of polysaccharides.

  • In higher plant cells, that polysaccharide is usually cellulose.

  • provides and maintains the shape of these cells

  • serves as a protective barrier.

  • Fluid collects in the plant cell vacuole and pushes out against the cell wall.

    • This turgor pressure is responsible for the crispness of fresh vegetables.

      5. Cytoskeleton:

  • helps to maintain cell shape.

  • Prevents cell motility.

  • The internal movement of cell organelles, as well as cell locomotion and muscle fiber contraction could not take place without the cytoskeleton.

  • Organized network of three primary protein filaments:

    • microtubules

    • actin filaments (microfilaments)

    • intermediate fibers


Eukaryotic cells

6. Nucleus

  • Double membrane

  • Communicates with surrounding cytosol by nuclear pores

  • DNA is present

7. Nucleolus:

- prominent structure in the nucleus

- produces ribosomes, which move out of the nucleus and take positions on the rough endoplasmic reticulum


Eukaryotic cells

8. Mitchondria

  • Provides ATP as a energy source to the cell for movement, dividing, and producing secretory products.

  • Doubled membrane- bound organelles.

    9. Chloroplast (plant cells only):

  • specialized organelles found in all higher plant cells.

  • These organelles contain the plant cell's chlorophyll responsible for the plant's green color.

  • a double outer membrane.

  • Within the stroma are other membrane structures - the thylakoids.

  • Thylakoids appear in stacks called "grana" (singular = granum).


Eukaryotic cells

10. Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)

Two types:

1. Smooth ER – Has different functions depending on

the cell. One of its functions includes producing lipid

and steroid.

2. Rough ER – Ribosomes are present on its surface for

transport throughout the cell.

11. Ribosomes

  • Composed of a large and a small unit

  • Produces protein


Eukaryotic cells

12. Golgi Appartus

  • Stack of membrane-bound vesicles that package macromolecules for transport.


Eukaryotic cells

13. Secretory Vesicle:

  • Cell secretions - e.g. hormones, neurotransmitters - are packaged in secretory vesicles at the Golgi apparatus.

  • The secretory vesicles are then transported to the cell surface for release.

    14. Vacuole:

  • A vacuole is a membrane-bound sac that plays roles in intracellular digestion and the release of cellular waste products.

  • In animal cells, vacuoles are generally small.

  • Vacuoles tend to be large in plant cells and play several roles:

    • storing nutrients and waste products,

    • helping increase cell size during growth,

    • even acting much like lysosomes of animal cells.

  • The plant cell vacuole also regulates turgor pressure in the cell. Water collects in cell vacuoles, pressing outward against the cell wall and producing rigidity in the plant.

  • Without sufficient water, turgor pressure drops and the plant wilts.


Eukaryotic cells

15. Centrosome:

  • The centrosome, or MICROTUBULE ORGANIZING CENTER (MTOC), is an area in the cell where microtubles are produced.

  • Plant and animal cell centrosomes play similar roles in cell division, and both include collections of microtubules, but the plant cell centrosome is simpler and does not have centrioles.

    16. Centriole (animal cells only):

  • Each centriole is a ring of nine groups of fused microtubules.

  • There are three microtubules in each group.

  • Microtubules (and centrioles) are part of the cytoskeleton.

  • In the complete animal cell centrosome, the two centrioles are arranged such that one is perpendicular to the other.


Eukaryotic cells

17. Lysosome:

  • Contain hydrolytic enzymes necessary for intracellular digestion.

  • They are common in animal cells, but rare in plant cells.

  • Hydrolytic enzymes of plant cells are more often found in the vacuole.

    18. Peroxisome:

  • Membrane-bound packets of oxidative enzymes.

  • In plant cells, peroxisomes play a variety of roles including converting fatty acids to sugar and assisting chloroplasts in photorespiration.

  • In animal cells, peroxisomes protect the cell from its own production of toxic hydrogen peroxide.


Eukaryotic cells

Animal Organelles

Cell membrane

Cytosol

Cytoplasm

Cytoskeleton

Nucleus

Nucleolus

Mitochondria

ER

Smooth

Rough

Ribosome

Secretory Vesicle

Vacuole

Centrosome

Lysosome

Peroxisome

Centriole (only in animals)

Plant Organelles

Cell membrane

Cytosol

Cytoplasm

Cytoskeleton

Nucleus

Nucleolus

Mitochondria

ER

Smooth

Rough

Ribosome

Secretory Vesicle

Vacuole

Centrosome

Lysosome

Peroxisome

Cell wall

Chloroplast


Did you know jewel plummer cobb

Did You Know:Jewel Plummer Cobb

  • Born: January 17, 1924 Birthplace: Chicago, IL

  • Biologist (Cell),

  • Physiologist (Cell)

  • Bachelor of Science from Talladega College in 1944

  • Master of Science from New York University in 1947.

  • Ph.D. in Cellular Biology from New York University in 1950.

https://webfiles.uci.edu/mcbrown/display/cobb.html


  • Login