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CHAPTER 1 THE CHALLENGE OF LEADERSHIP. MODULE: LEADERSHIP UNIT 1: NAVAL LEADERSHIP. Introduction. Leaders and Their Skills. Leadership skills are important in military and civilian life. Leaders are responsible for evaluating the performance of subordinates.

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CHAPTER 1 THE CHALLENGE OF LEADERSHIP

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Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

CHAPTER 1

THE CHALLENGE OF LEADERSHIP

MODULE: LEADERSHIP

UNIT 1: NAVAL LEADERSHIP


Introduction

Introduction


Leaders and their skills

Leaders and Their Skills

Leadership skills are important in military and civilian life.

Leaders are responsible for evaluating the performance of subordinates.

Effective leaders use effective instruction techniques.


Basis for effective leadership

Basis for Effective Leadership


Basis for effective leadership1

Good leaders inspire and manage groups of people.

Effective leadership is based on:

Personal example

Good organization and administration

Personal and moral responsibility

Leaders must learn to understand and value the people with whom they work.

Basis for Effective Leadership


Leaders understand

Leaders Understand

Good leaders understand:

  • How to act toward:

    • Seniors

    • Peers

    • Juniors

  • Philosophy of leadership based on firmly held moral values and integrity of character

  • Principles of good “followship”


Leaders understand1

Leaders Understand

Good leaders understand:

  • Poor, ineffective leadership and administration can cause mission failure.

  • To achieve the “power” of leadership, one must be willing to give up some personal time and material gain.

  • It is important to walk before running, follow before leading.


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Topic Review


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. Upon what is effective leadership based?

Reference Study Guide Question #2


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. Upon what is effective leadership based?

A. Effective leadership is based on personal example, good organization and administration, and personal moral responsibility.

Reference Study Guide Question #2


Philosophies of leadership

Philosophies of Leadership


Widely differing philosophies

Widely Differing Philosophies

  • Are leaders are born or made?

  • Can anyone who can master the principles of leadership effectively lead?

  • Is it a managerial process or a matter of character and moral development?

  • Can one learn to learn simply by studying the lives of the great ones?


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Leadership

Leadership is an art, gift, or science by which a person can direct the thoughts, plans, and actions of others in order to obtain their obedience, respect, confidence, and loyal cooperation.


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Topic Review


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. What are the two extremes in philosophy of leadership?

Reference Study Guide Question #3


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. What are the two extremes in philosophy of leadership?

A. One extreme view holds that leaders are born, not made. The opposite extreme contends that anyone who can master various leadership principles can lead effectively.

Reference Study Guide Question #3


Obedience

Obedience


Obedience1

Obedience

Obedience is a necessary first lesson for all people, but it is especially critical for military people.


The military product

The Military Product

The military product is defense of our country and our way of life. This means that military service people must be more idealistic than the average citizen because they are serving, protecting, and defending the U.S. and its allies – even to the extent of death in peace or war.


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Order

Generally given by a senior to a junior, an order is a directive to action of some kind.


Obedience in the military services

Obedience in the Military Services

Enlisted personnel take an oath to carry out the lawful orders of those over them.

There are two forms of obedience in the military, each with its own time and place:

  • Blind Obedience - automatic, no time to think

  • Reasoned Obedience - not automatic, there’s time to think


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Blind Obedience

Automatic response to orders such as commands issued during close order drill, or steering commands to a helmsman. There is no time for questioning or determining the reason for this type of order.


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Reasoned Obedience

Form of obedience that allows some personal initiative in carrying out an order.


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Reasoned Obedience

Reasoned obedience is the most desirable form of obedience. One reason it is so desirable is because people learn and work best when allowed to use their own ideas.

Orders that call for reasoned obedience may be given in polite ways, such as “Please” or “Would you?” These are still orders to obey, but reasonable questions and suggestions are more welcome.


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Command

  • A command is a specific type of order that calls for immediate blind obedience.

  • When a command is given, there is no time for:

    • Hesitating

    • Questioning


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Command

Generally, courteous terms are not used when commands are given. Here are three examples:

  • “Commence fire!”

  • “Abort landing!”

  • “Run!”


Why do people obey

Why do People Obey?

People often obey orders because they hope for a reward such as:

  • Compliment

  • Praise

  • Recognition

  • Privilege

    Sometimes people obey because they fear punishment such as:

  • Imprisonment

  • Loss of privilege

  • Extra duty


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Topic Review


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. What is the first lesson that military personnel must learn?

Reference Study Guide Question #4


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. What is the first lesson that military personnel must learn?

A. Obedience is necessarily the first lesson that must be learned by any military person.

Reference Study Guide Question #4


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. Why must military personnel have a more idealistic outlook on the importance of obedience?

Reference Study Guide Question #5


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. Why must military personnel have a more idealistic outlook on the importance of obedience?

A. Since the military mission is defense of our country and our way of life, military personnel must be more idealistic than the average civilian, since they are serving, protecting, and defending the United States and its allies – even to the extent of giving up their lives in peace or war.

Reference Study Guide Question #5


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. What are the two forms of military obedience?

Reference Study Guide Question #6A


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. What are the two forms of military obedience?

A. Blind obedience is automatic response to orders such as commands issued during close order drill, or steering commands to a helmsman. Reasoned obedience, on the other hand, allows for some personal initiative in carrying out an order.

Reference Study Guide Question #6A


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. Why is there a need for each (blind and reasoned obedience)?

Reference Study Guide Question #6B


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. Why is there a need for each (blind and reasoned obedience)?

A. In the case of blind obedience, there is no time for questioning or determining the reason for this type of order or command. Reasoned obedience allows people to use their own ideas, and therefore to work and learn best.

Reference Study Guide Question #6B


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. What is the difference between a senior’s request or order and a command?

Reference Study Guide Question #7


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. What is the difference between a senior’s request or order and a command?

A. A command is a specific type of order that calls for immediate blind obedience. Courteous terms normally are not used in commands, and there is usually no time for questions or hesitation.

Reference Study Guide Question #7


The military leader a legal and moral obligation

The Military Leader:A Legal and Moral Obligation


Civilian versus military leaders

Civilian Versus Military Leaders


Military leaders

Military Leaders

Military leaders must:

  • Depend upon subordinates

  • Know capabilities and limitations of subordinates

  • Be concerned with health, welfare, and anything that affects peace of mind and efficiency on the job

  • Gain the confidence of personnel


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Topic Review


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. What makes the military leader different from the civilian executive?

Reference Study Guide Question #8


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. What makes the military leader different from the civilian executive?

A. Civilian executives hold their positions by virtue of superior knowledge and experience and strong character or personality. The executive probably is not legally responsible for the persons employed, and any concern for the well being of subordinates is primarily a moral one. Military leaders, on the other hand, have both a legal and a moral obligation to do all in their power to lead their subordinates effectively and to be concerned about their welfare.

Reference Study Guide Question #8


The challenge of leadership

The Challenge of Leadership


Motivating the disinterested

Motivating the Disinterested

Disinterested persons and troublemakers are always present in groups.

Leaders guide and assist the disinterested to help them:

  • Gain a sense of moral responsibility and importance to the team

  • Make life more pleasant and easier for all

  • Understand that more self-discipline equates to less discipline from leaders


Responsibilities of leadership

Responsibilities of Leadership

All should be led to understand that learning, advancing in rate, and assuming more responsibilities are duties of every Sailor and citizen, not just a choice of a select few.

Though each leadership position may be different, the challenge of leadership remains the same: to get people to do the job.


Leadership and discipline

Leadership and Discipline

Vital in any organization – military or civilian!


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Topic Review


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. What is the challenge of leadership?

Reference Study Guide Question #1


Chapter 1 the challenge of leadership

Q. What is the challenge of leadership?

A. Although each leadership position may be different, the challenge of leadership remains the same: to get people to do the job.

Reference Study Guide Question #1


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