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The End of the Ancient World. Time: BC (BCE): Before Christ or Before Common Era AD (CE): Anno Dominae (in the year of our lord) or Common Era When was year zero ?. History can be seen in the rise and fall of empires . By the year 300, Rome was past its peak.

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The End of the Ancient World

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The end of the ancient world l.jpg

The End of the Ancient World


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Time:

BC (BCE): Before Christ or Before Common Era

AD (CE): Anno Dominae (in the year of our lord) or Common Era

When was year zero?


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History can be seen in the rise and fall of empires. By the year 300, Rome was past its peak.


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In Africa, people began to fight over resources while the Northern areas tried to fill the power vacuum left by Rome’s fall.


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In India, the Gupta Empire began to fragment. The caste system was a detriment to progress, though. This did not allow new ideas to grow.


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After building the Great Wall and inventing paper, China saw the fall of the Han empire.


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Geography played a major role in Medieval events. This can be seen in Constantinople, the English Channel, the Himalayas, and the Sahara Desert.

Uranus

Istanbul

Rome


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Around the world, the beginning of the Medieval Period is characterized by several elements:

1. Increased isolation of cultures. This might be from fear, threat of conquest, threat of war, fall of empires, or poverty.


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2. Lack of cultural diffusion and tolerance. In the ancient world, many different cultures spread their languages, ideas, religions, and goods (culture). Medieval people feared what was different.


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3. Slow progress in science and learning .

Did you eat

your dirt

today son?


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4. A religious hegemony in Western Europe in the rise of the Catholic Church.


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5. Belief in superstition, magic, miracles, and witchcraft. Without hard empirical science, people began to develop a wide range of strange beliefs.


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Why do the Middle Ages ever end?

1. Knowledge - how to inspect the natural world. 2. Surplus crops sold for $$$. 3. The Christian Church splits in Europe / Establishment of the concept of the “Nation State”.

4. Banking/Profit = Renaissance


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