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NETWORK-ENABLED OPEN EDUCATION (NEO-Ed). Dr. Vijay Kumar Assistant Provost and Director of Academic Computing Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA Advisor, National Knowledge Commission, India. THE OBJECTIVE.

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Network enabled open education neo ed
NETWORK-ENABLED OPEN EDUCATION (NEO-Ed)

Dr. Vijay Kumar

Assistant Provost and

Director of Academic Computing

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA

Advisor, National Knowledge Commission, India


The objective
THE OBJECTIVE

  • To build excellence in the educational system to meet the knowledge challenges of the 21st century and increase India’s competitive advantage in fields of knowledge.

    This consists of

  • WIDENING ACCESS

  • PROVIDING QUALITY


The challenge
THE CHALLENGE

  • Scaling the excellence of institutions like IITs, IIMs, IIIT, etc.

  • Current approaches

    • Building new institutions (additional IITs, etc.)

    • Improving existing institutions (NPTEL, TEQIP)

    • Extending distance education to a limited extent (IGNOU, Eklavya, EDUSAT)

  • These are insufficient for the quantum leap in scale and quality of educational opportunity that the NKC seeks to achieve.


A solution
A SOLUTION

  • Increasing capabilities of high bandwidth networks and open educational resources offer unprecedented opportunities to

    • Serve the knowledge needs of diverse communities

    • Amplify interaction among students and teachers

    • Introduce innovative and interactive educational experiences

  • The Internet is changing the face of education. India can use it to make optimal use of global educational resources.


Present scenario
PRESENT SCENARIO

  • E-learning/Open/Distance Education are considered inferior to traditional methods.

  • Existing initiatives are lacking in

    • Interactivity

    • Hands-on experience

    • Quality content

    • Alignment with university system

    • Addressing the needs of teacher training


Current network status
Current Network Status

  • Very few institutions connected reliably

  • Limited b/w ( KPBS to low mbps)

  • Upgrade efforts underway

  • EDUSAT offers alternative

    • Access to e-resources (journals, publishing) limited

    • Virtual classrooms limited; Virtual labs unavailable

    • Collaborations and Sharing constrained


Current initiatives
CURRENT INITIATIVES

  • NPTEL

  • IGNOU

  • Kerala e-Grid

  • TIFAC - Mission REACH

  • EDUSAT (ISRO)

  • TEQIP*


Impact of initiatives
IMPACT OF INITIATIVES

  • The impact of initiatives is stymied due to

    • Dearth of quality resources (content)

    • Lack of infrastructure for delivery

    • Lack of appropriate organisational alignments between public institutions/agencies engaged in e-learning and distance education.

    • General Impediments

      • Unclear Regulatory framework

      • A few Good Ones

      • Impoverished pedagogical practices ( inflexibility, lack of liberal education; Rote focus…)

  • Lack of coordination is a source of poor performance and visibility.


A new paradigm
A NEW PARADIGM

  • E-learning and distance education are not alternatives or supplements to conventional methods.

  • Network-based delivery needs to become the central modality for delivering quality education.

  • A blended process – intelligent combinations of physical and virtual elements.

  • Distributed Repositories, Domain-specific Grids and Portals, Interaction facilities, Robust connectivity – key components of NEO-Ed.

  • Open Educational Resources- Content, Applications and Infrastructure can be productively leveraged


Nkc targets of opportunity
NKC: Targets of Opportunity

  • For education (higher education in particular), the NKC’s efforts to be directed toward building capacity at 3 levels

    • Access (low threshold for entry into the enabling infrastructure for advanced applications and quality educational resources)

    • Application/Practice: Content, tools and best practices in strategic areas.

    • Process (Sustainability) – organizational, and policy enablers to realize synergies and to move projects to practice and services.

  • Overall aim to develop ecology for sustainable transformation of education and research in India.


Scaling excellence in education and research
Scaling Excellence in Education and Research

  • Extensive Access to Quality Educational Resources

    • For faculty development

    • Direct education (formal and non-formal)

    • Meet hr (knowledge worker) needs in all sectors

  • Quality Educational and Research Interactions

  • Global Participation in Research and Education

    • Sharing

    • Benchmarking


Implementing opportunity
Implementing Opportunity

  • Grids and Portals

    • Domains; Sectors; Communities

      • Research

      • Education

      • Knowledge Sectors

      • Community Interactions

  • Labs and Simulators

    • Order-of-magnitude higher number of educationally meaningful laboratory experiments through the Internet based on hardware dispersed around the world

  • Open Educational Resources

    • OCW: large pool of shared and open content for diverse needs

    • Mednet: network and content for health education

    • GELC


Advantages of neo ed
ADVANTAGES OF NEO-Ed

  • Proximity: Content-Learner, Teacher-Student, Research-Teaching (e.g. i-labs)

  • Adaptability: Common infrastructure to deliver quality digital content in different sectors.

  • Flexibility: Learners structure the reality of their educational experience.

  • Interactivity: Virtual learning environments facilitate peer interaction, which is invaluable.

  • Quality: Global alliances and initiatives can be leveraged for quality content and benchmarking purposes.

  • Sustainability: Continuous supply of skilled workforce with contemporary competencies and abreast of technological change.


Infrastructural requirements
INFRASTRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

  • High bandwidth connections; national backbone; connectivity with global networks.

  • User applications; service-oriented architecture; delivery systems; digital libraries; publication; localisation and contextualisation.

  • Relevant, quality content; distributed repositories; standards; global alliances (OCW);

  • Support for adoption; pedagogy

  • Policy framework ( quality; regulation)


Infrastructural requirements1
INFRASTRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

  • Physical: high bandwidth connections; national backbone; connectivity with global networks.

  • Delivery: user applications; service-oriented architecture; localisation and contextualisation.

  • Pedagogical: relevant, quality content; distributed repositories; standards; global alliances (OCW).


NETWORK-ENABLED

OPEN EDUCATION

(NEO-Ed)

D/Space

Medical Repository

Science Repository

Engineering

Content & Labs

Educational Content Repositories

End User

Communities

Domain Grids and Portals

Tools/

Applications

EDUCATION SOFTWARE

EDUSAT/LAN/WAN/Wireless/INTERNET2

Communication

Service Interfaces


Sustainability
SUSTAINABILITY

  • Technical

    • Resilient content: takes advantage of tech. changes

    • Open standards-based architecture

    • Robust networks

  • Financial

    • Taxation on content used by private institutions

    • Commercial model for value-added services

    • Government funding, especially in initial stages

  • Organizational


Emerging trends
EMERGING TRENDS

  • Industry already involved – already involved in developing standards-based architecture for e-governance. Indicate interest in NEO-Ed.

  • MoU between Ministry of IT and Internet2 – framework for advanced networking capability with ubiquitous broadband availability.

  • Global Open Educational Resources (OER) movement is gathering momentum.

  • OCW Consortium - Viability of NPTEL, TEQIP joining being explored.


Conclusion
CONCLUSION

  • Network-Enabled Open Education is central to the Knowledge Commission’s goals of delivering access and quality in education.

  • It is a critical component of the infrastructure of any knowledge economy, and must therefore be pursued vigorously as a strategy for building excellence in the education system and increasing India’s competitive advantage in fields of knowledge.



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