National Security (Information Policy Aspects Only). Yale Braunstein School of Information UC Berkeley. Definition. No precise definition Possible working definition: The ability of a nation to protect its national values from threats, both internal and external
School of InformationUC Berkeley
(1) A person who is or has been—
(a) a member of the security and intelligence services; or
(b) a person notified that he is subject to the provisions of this subsection,
is guilty of an offence if without lawful authority he discloses any information, document or other article relating to security or intelligence which is or has been in his possession by virtue of his position as a member of any of those services or in the course of his work while the notification is or was in force.
(1) Every person is guilty of an offence under this Act who, having in his possession or control any secret official code word, password, sketch, plan, model, article, note, document or information…
(a) communicates the code word, password, sketch, plan, model, article, note, document or information to any person, other than a person to whom he is authorized to communicate with, or a person to whom it is in the interest of the State his duty to communicate it;
(b) uses the information in his possession for the benefit of any foreign power or in any other manner prejudicial to the safety or interests of the State;
The number of people eligible to receive Top Secret clearance is restricted. Above the Top Secret level are discretionary controls, for specific categories, allocated to people with a need-to-know. These categories function roughly as Trade Secrets do in commercial enterprises. The main difference is that all documents at the Secret level and above are carefully logged throughout their lifetime.
[Source for these two slides: Gio Wiederhold's Stanford course on Internet Security (2003)]
(References: OMB Watch website , Sec. Ridge's address to the AAU, DOJ-OIP "FOIA" Post – look for Homeland Security.)
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[Source: EPIC website ]
[Source: ALA website ]
1. "The number of times the Government has requested or the Court has approved requests under this section is classified and will be provided in an appropriate channel."(July 26, 2002, letter from Asst. Attorney General Bryant to Congress. Available at: http://www.house.gov/judiciary/patriotresponses101702.pdf )
2. Leigh Estabrook (U. Illinois) estimates number to be 15. (Wall Street Journal, Oct. 28, 2003, p. A6).
3. Mark Corallo, DOJ spokesperson: "Wrong, wrong, wrong. The attorney general has declassified the number of times Section 215 has been used and that number is zero." (Same WSJ story.)
[Is this the real issue?]