Railroads cattle and agriculture 1859 1885
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Railroads, Cattle, and Agriculture 1859-1885. Chapter 7. People to Know. Ned Black Abbie Bright Fred Harvey Cyrus K. Holliday. Words to Understand. Depot Dispatch Incentive Monopoly Obsolete Plat. Quarantine Residential Retail Subsidy Subsistence Surplus Yield.

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Chapter 7

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Railroads cattle and agriculture 1859 1885

Railroads, Cattle, and Agriculture

1859-1885

Chapter 7


People to know

People to Know

  • Ned Black

  • Abbie Bright

  • Fred Harvey

  • Cyrus K. Holliday


Words to understand

Words to Understand

  • Depot

  • Dispatch

  • Incentive

  • Monopoly

  • Obsolete

  • Plat

  • Quarantine

  • Residential

  • Retail

  • Subsidy

  • Subsistence

  • Surplus

  • Yield


Growing the kansas economy

Growing the Kansas Economy

  • A strong economy requires a population that is ready and able to buy the goods and services produced

    • Requires a skilled and trained work force


The cattle industry begins

The Cattle Industry Begins

  • Beef

    • Today it is processed and shipped all over the world

    • In the late 1800’s beef had to be served fresh or preserved by drying

  • After the civil war demand for beef was high in the east, but there was a shortage

    • In Texas cattle ran wild so after the war veterens made money rounding up the wild cattle

    • In Texas a long horn cow was worth $4.

    • In the east a long horn cow was worth $40 to $50.

      • To get cattle east the had to be herded to Kansas railroads

      • Lead to cattle drives of 750 miles taking 30-40 days.


The chisholm trail

The Chisholm Trail

  • Most famous cattle trail route

    • Named for Jesse Chisholm

    • Went from San Antonio, TX to Abilene, KS


Cowboys

Cowboys

  • Took about 12 men to handle 3,000 cattle and 60 horses.

  • Cowboys were on a horse 18+ hours a day and need to change their horses often.

  • Required special clothing and equipment (boots, hat, good saddle)


Cowtowns

Cowtowns

  • Located on the railroad so cattle could be shipped east.

  • Cattle brought lots of money to the towns they were loaded in, and many people liked the cattle industry.

  • Some disliked being a cowtown because cattle brought diseases and sometimes destroyed crops.

    • Cattle industry made money for townspeople but cost money for farmers and ranchers.


What ended the cattle drives

What Ended the Cattle Drives?

  • KS eventually outlawed cattle drives because of diseases (Texas Fever).

  • Quarantine lines were made to keep infected cattle out of Kansas.

  • Final blow was when the railroads reached directly into TX.


Railroad land grants

Railroad Land Grants

  • To promote railroads Congress passed the Pacific Railroad Act.

    • Government gave land to railroads in exchange for building tracks in specific locations.

    • The belief was that if the railroad came so would people then the railroad could sell that land for a profit.


Railroads and town development

Railroads and Town Development

  • Town site associations were responsible for surveying and platting out the town sites.

    • To pay for this shares in the town were sold.

    • Towns were planned in sections such as, residential, and retail establishments.


Living in town and in the country

Living in Town and in the Country

Town

country

Used their resources, although they did travel into town frequently

Most farmed commercial not for subsistence.

  • Quick access to goods and services.


Kansas crops

Kansas Crops

  • Corn was a crop used for multiple purposes.

  • Cotton and tobacco were not good Kansas crops because our grow season is too short.

  • Many grains were also grown.


Wheat

Wheat

  • Production of wheat became profitable when the railroad came to KS

  • KS became know for it’s winter wheat that T.C. Henry experimented with.

  • When the spring wheat was destroyed by grasshoppers KS winter wheat gained attention.


Technology and grain production

Technology and Grain Production

  • Farms relied on horse power

  • Even as equipment improved horses were needed until gas powered tractors were invented.

    • See examples on p.158.


The grange

The Grange

  • Nat’l organization that brought farmers together.

  • Started for social and cultural reasons

    • Promoted education

    • Meet farmers with common concerns

    • Represented political needs

  • Hundreds of Granges sprang up in KS


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