EURAS (European Academy for Standardisation) & STANDARDS 10th MARS Group meeting 12-14 September 2012. Doc. Ing. Marta Orviska, PhD. Faculty of Economics, Matej Bel University, Banska Bystrica, Slovakia Email: [email protected] Content EURAS Research and standardisation Conclusion.
EURAS(European Academy for Standardisation) & STANDARDS10th MARS Group meeting12-14 September 2012
Doc. Ing. Marta Orviska, PhD.
Faculty of Economics, Matej Bel University, Banska Bystrica, Slovakia
Email: [email protected]
the European Academy for Standardisation e.V :
EURAS' objective is to promote research, education and publication in the field of standardisation
EURAS offers a platform for exchanging information, collaboration and dissemination.
It does so by organisingannual EURAS conferences, publishing the conference proceedings, the EURAS Yearbook and other publications.
- academic researchers with different disciplinary backgrounds,
- representatives from national and regional standards bodies,
- representatives from government agencies and company representatives, who share an interest in standardisation.
WHITE PAPER: ACADEMIC STANDARDISATION EDUCATION IN EUROPEhttp://www.euras.org/uploads/files/EURAS%20White%20paper%202011-08-13.pdf
Wilfried Hesserand Dr. Ir. Henk J. de Vries.
Several Asian countries are increasingly implementing standardisation education programmes and that Europe is lagging behind:
- the governments of the member countries of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) have decided to implement standardisation education in their countries 2006 – 2010;
- such a decision has not yet been taken at the European level;
- it is the official policy of the EC and EuropeanParliament to promote the European standardisation system,
- current practice shows no more than fragmented standardisation education activities in the EU and hardly any programmes at the academic level.
Thus the White Paper calls for:
- in June 2012 CEN and CENELEC, with EURAS involvement, organised a workshop in Brussels to open a dialogue with academia and industry on the Strategic importance of educating and training students and workers on standardisation.
CEN/CENELEC website goes on to say: The European Commission is yet another European institution that has recently showed its concern about increasing awareness about standardization.
Public knowledge about standardization should be increased by means of training, awareness-raising activities and targeted workshops.
(where EURAS is listed as a supporter)
Research – examples
An Analysis of Firms’ Adoption of International Standards: One Size Fits All?
Firms’ adoption of international standards: One size fits all?
Journal of Policy Modeling. Available online 16 April 2012, forthcoming
in hard copy.
“Bowing” to institutional expectations.
(Beck and Walgenbach, 2005).
Managers want to be seen as modern and up to date.
Economic view – based on the rationality
standards adoption will increase the profits.
The Adoption of International Standards in Developing Countries
Paper presented at EURAS conference in Kosice, 2012
Standardisation is positively linked with:
firms who use electronic communication to communicate with clients.
firms export focus (linked by an inverse U shaped function, peak usage by firms with some, but not total, export focus).
age of the firm in both Africa and the Americas, but not significantly in Asia (where there is a smaller sample).
size of firm and is also greater for group and foreign firms and for publicly listed firms.
There is no strong linkage to:
whether an urban or rural location.
Countries in Africa respond to both good quality
courts and, negatively, to a poor quality
In the Americas access to finance, in the form of
bank credit is important.
Regional electronic communication is very
significant in both the Americas and Africa.
Standardisation appears clearly to stimulate export
Standardization and the European Standards Organisations [ESOs]
Paper presented at EURAS conference in Kosice, 2012 and ECPR
conference, Reykjavik, 2011.
- harmonizing the European environment,
- facilitate the development of a European identity andintegration.
But work of the ESOs has gone far beyond this:
- Many of the administrative costs and restrictions imposed on business stem from EU standardization.
- Many of the factors which determine consumer’s rights stem from standardization.
- Many of the factors which determine an individual’s quality of life are impacted upon by standards.
- EU standards decliningthe role of the nation state is.
Questions to be discussed