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Similarities and differences between First and second Generation Muslim Empires. First Generation: Umayyad, Abbasid and Delhi Sultanate. Second Generation: Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal. Similarities. Problems of succession Warrior Aristocracy Divided Population

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Similarities and differences between First and second Generation Muslim Empires

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Similarities and differences between first and second generation muslim empires

Similarities and differences between First and second Generation Muslim Empires

First Generation: Umayyad, Abbasid and Delhi Sultanate

Second Generation: Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal


Similarities

Similarities

  • Problems of succession

  • Warrior Aristocracy

  • Divided Population

  • Creative Culture where learning was emphasized


Differences

Differences

  • Earlier ones enjoyed monopoly on trade

  • Later empires had substantial land based militaries

  • Later empires began losing edge to Europeans


The mughal empire

The Mughal Empire


I origins

I. ORIGINS

Babur (1500s)

  • Key Ruler:

    • Moved into N. India

  • Gunpowder

  • Islam


Ii empire building

II. Empire Building

Akbar

  • Key ruler:

    • Defeated remaining Indian armies

  • Consolidated rule

  • Improved conditions of women

*Child Marriages ended

Famed Cotton

  • Economic boom—

Indian and Persian

  • Blending of Culture:

  • Policy of Peace between Hindus & Muslims


Policy of peace between hindus muslims

Policy of Peace between Hindus & Muslims

  • Govt. Jobs to Hindus

  • Religious tolerance

  • Permitted intermarriage: Akbar takes a Hindu wife

  • Ended Jizya—Special tax on Hindus


Iii apex of achievement

III. Apex of Achievement

Jahangir & Shah Jahin

  • Military conquests and expansion

  • Key rulers:

  • Capital moves to Delhi

  • Series of cultural achievements

  • Red Fort and Taj Mahal

  • Beginning of the end…Twilight

  • Draining of the Treasury


Similarities and differences between first and second generation muslim empires

Re growth of cities

Contact w/ each other through textile trade (cotton)

Same time period: 1500 and 1600s

Trade facilitated achievement


Similarities and differences between first and second generation muslim empires

Venice & Florence

Delhi & Agra

Revival of Greek/

Roman heritage

Blending of Indian/

Persian influences

Merchants served as patron of the arts

Rulers were patron of the

arts

Connected Art/Religion

Secular art

Fell behind Europe

in science

Moved ahead of India in science

Apex – sculpture & art (Da Vinci & Michelangelo

Apex – architecture (Taj

Mahal & Red Fort)


Similarities and differences between first and second generation muslim empires

Taj Mahal

Red Fort

Akbar Style-blending of

Persian/Indian influences


Iv decline

IV. Decline

Aurangzeb

  • Key ruler:

    • Control all India

  • Purify Islam

  • Reverse female gains

  • Military drains treasury

  • Internal revolts

  • vulnerable


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