Psalm 133 1
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Psalm 133:1. HINNEH MAHTOVU-MAHNA’IM Beholdhowgood and howpleasant (is) SHEVETAḤIM GAM YAḤAD (the) sitting (of) brothers alsotogether. The Divided Kingdom:. The First 75 Years [Back to History…]. Introductory Review and Question.

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Psalm 133:1

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Psalm 133 1

Psalm 133:1


  • Beholdhowgood and howpleasant (is)


  • (the) sitting (of) brothers alsotogether

The divided kingdom

The Divided Kingdom:

The First 75 Years

[Back to History…]

Introductory review and question

Introductory Review and Question

  • Period of the Judges, transition to monarchy, Samuel, Saul, David

  • God determined to remove a large part of the kingdom from the house of David because…

  • A.David’s sin with Bathsheba was unforgivable

  • B.There were no sons left after the death of Solomon

  • C.Solomon gave up too much to the Queen of Sheba

  • D.Solomon built altars to foreign gods to please his wives but it displeased the Lord

And the answer is

And the answer is…

  • A. David’s sin with Bathsheba was unforgivable

  • B. There were no sons left after the death of Solomon

  • C. Solomon gave up too much to the Queen of Sheba

  • D. Solomon built altars to foreign gods to please his wives but it displeased the Lord



  • Why the division?

    • Solomon’s apostasy (1 Kings 11:9-12)

    • The prophecy of Ahijah (1 Kings 11:29-32)

  • Who is in the north? In the south?

    • Israel, Ephraim, Samaria

    • Judah

  • Differences between north and south:

    • Changing capitals in north; Jerusalem in south

    • Changing dynasties in north; Davidic dynasty in south

    • North more open to foreign influence

Geographical orientation

Geographical Orientation

  • Northern and southern tribes

  • Border area

  • Bethel and Dan

  • Capitals of north: Shechem, Tirzah, Samaria

  • Mt. Carmel

  • Jezreel

  • Horeb

  • Ramoth Gilead

International politics

International Politics

  • Syria ruled by Ben-Hadad

    • “son of Hadad” (another name for Baal)

  • Assyria – note Shalmaneser III

    • Annals of Shalmaneser III mention Ahab

    • Black Obelisk refers to Jehu

  • Phoenicia – source of Baal worship

    • Identity of Baal – “king of the gods” ruling over rain and storm and responsible for agricultural fertility

    • The sin of idolatry – rejection of God’s sovereign rule

Chronology of the period

Chronology of the Period


  • JeroboamAhijah Rehoboam

    “Man of God” Egypt

    Shemaiah (Shishak) Nadab Abijah

    Baasha Hanani Asa Syria


    Omri Jehoshaphat

    Ahab Elijah

The kingdom splits 931 bce

The Kingdom Splits (931 BCE)

  • Rehoboam’s error in judgment

  • Jeroboam’s new religion (“seeker-friendly”)

    • Non-Levite priests

    • Golden calves in Bethel and Dan; goat idols (blasphemy)

    • Festival in the eighth month

    • The faithful headed south

    • A reminder: It is the truth that sets people free, not feeling good!

  • The prophecies of the “man of God” from Judah

    • Josiah

    • Two signs

  • The fate of the “man of God” – who was the old prophet and why did he cause the man of God to sin?

  • The sad conclusion

Apostasy in the south assassination in the north

Apostasy in the south Assassination in the north

  • Rehoboam’s religious apostasy and the punishment – invasion by Shishak

  • The end of Jeroboam’s dynasty

    • Abijah died

    • Nadab assassinated by Baasha

Ongoing civil war asa s and baasha n

Ongoing Civil War – Asa (S) and Baasha (N)

  • Religious reform under Asa

    • Removed idols

    • Successful battle against Zerah the Cushite

  • The border war and alliance with Damascus

  • A prophetic rebuke

The omri dynasty baal worship as the state religion

The Omri Dynasty – Baal Worship as the State Religion

  • The end of Baasha’s dynasty

    • Elah assassinated

    • North descended into civil war

  • Omri moved the capital to Samaria

  • His son, Ahab, married Jezebel

  • Rejection of the LORD in favor of the god of rain, thunder, agricultural productivity

The ministry of elijah

The Ministry of Elijah

  • Famine in the land for three years (James 5:17-18)

  • Elijah in hiding in Phoenicia

  • Work of Obadiah

  • Contest with the prophets of Baal and Asherah on Mt. Carmel

    • Ambivalence of the populace

    • Prophetic frenzy

    • Elijah’s preparations and prayer

    • “The Lord, He is God”

Elijah on mt carmel

Elijah on Mt. Carmel

Flight to horeb the source of the covenant

Flight to Horeb: The “Source” of the Covenant

  • The message from God (“a crushing silence”)

    • Hazael

    • Jehu

    • Elisha

  • Elijah and John the Baptist

    • Malachi 4

    • Luke 1:17

    • II Kings 1:8/Matthew 2:4 – appearance

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