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Prepared by Rizky Nurul Amalia Hanny S. Surya Yakob Metboki Budi Ilhami. Number Heads Together. An overview on Learning Theory. 5 points to know about learning theory. Factors in criticizing learning theory. Kinds of learning theory.

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Prepared by rizky nurul amalia hanny s surya yakob metboki budi ilhami

Prepared by


Hanny S. Surya


Budi Ilhami

Number Heads Together

An overview on learning theory
An overview on Learning Theory

The developer and his idea
The developer and theory learning his idea:

  • Kagan in Bookman, et al (2001: 1) believed that Number Heads Together is “a technique which is useful for quickly reviewing objective material in a fun way”.

What does it look like
What does it look like? theory learning

  • Practically, students in each team of four are numbered 1, 2, 3, or 4.

  • In so doing, students train each other on the material to be mastered. This is also called Discussing Reasons.

  • Next, teachers pose a question and call a number: 1, 2, 3, or 4. Students with that number are allowed to answer and earn points for their team.

  • Furthermore, the class can be lead to repeat the previous sections

    (Bookman, et al, (2001); Jacob, Lee, & Ball (p. 43-44).

References theory learning

  • Bookman, B., et al. (2001). Cooperative Learning - Descriptions of some commonly used techniques. The NYS Biology - Chemistry Mentor Network, DDE Title II, FLCC, 2001. Retrieved November 11, 2012, from

  • Brown, H.D. (2000). Principles of LlanguageLearning and Teaching. 4th Edition. New York: Prentice Hall Regents.

  • Jacobs, G. M., Lee, G. S., & Ball, J. (….) Cooperative Learning. A sourcebook of Lessons Plans for Teacher Education on Cooperative Learning. ……Kagan Cooperative Learning.

  • Slavin, R. E. (1995). Cooperative Learning.New York: Teachers Collage Press.

  • Sugihartono, et al. (2007). PsikologiPendidikan. Yogyakarta: UNY Press.


Steps theory learning

  • Preparation

  • Formation of groups

  • Discussion of problems

  • Call the number of members or giving answers

  • Gives conclusions

Preparation theory learning …,

preparing a lesson plan

If you fail to plan

You plan a failure

Formation of groups
Formation of groups…, theory learning

  • The teacher divides the students into heterogeneous groups consisting of 3-5 students

  • Teachers gave a number to each student in the group and name the group

  • The group was formed by a mixture of in terms of social background, race, ethnicity, gender and learning ability

  • If one group is smaller than the others have no. 3 answer for no. 4 as well. The teacher can give numbers or students can give numbers themselves

Management tips
Management Tips…, theory learning

  • Before posing a question, make sure each person is assigned a number

  • Having students sit in a specific seat according to number insures honesty in responding

  • Model how to make sure each person knows the answer

Heads together
Heads Together…, theory learning

  • Activity sheets distributed to students as a material to be studied

  • Students then think individually

  • Discussion of problems

  • Each member of the group they should know the answer to the question

  • Ensure enough ‘wait time is given for the group to do the task

Call the number of members
Call the number of members…, theory learning

  • The teacher then calls a number and students from each group with the same number raised their hands

  • prepare for and respond to the entire class

Variations…, theory learning

  • Instead of sharing out with the class, they share with their answers with students who have the same number.

  • Reinforce mental math by calling numbers as the result of mental math problems. (e.g. Call on students whose number is the square of two.)

Gives conclusions
Gives conclusions…, theory learning

  • Teachers with students concluded the final answer of all questions related to the material presented

The illustration
The Illustration…, theory learning

References theory learning

  • retrieved on 29th November 2012

  • Kagan Publishing