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Life Supporting Technologies. Telecare, Design for All and Independent Living. Alejandro Rodríguez Ascaso ETSI TC HF (STF 264) [email protected] Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Human Factors and the Digital Home Workshop. ETSI, October 22 nd 2004. Disability demographics.

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Telecare design for all and independent living

Life Supporting Technologies

Telecare, Design for All and Independent Living

Alejandro Rodríguez Ascaso

ETSI TC HF (STF 264)

[email protected]

Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

Human Factors and the Digital Home Workshop. ETSI, October 22nd 2004


Disability demographics

  • Around a 10% of the planet population is disabled

  • In Spain, 3.528.221 people, a 9% of the population

People with disabilities in Spain

< 6

From 6 to 15

From 16 to 44

From 45 to 64

From 65 to 84

> 85

[INE, 2000]


Raising dependency
Raising dependency

  • An aging Europe: By 2050, a 40% of European population will be older than 65

  • Disability rates rise with age

32,21%

4,59%

Between 6 and 64

Older than 64

[INE, 2000]


Independent living
Independent Living

“Independent Living means that we demand the same choices and control in our every-day lives that our non-disabled brothers and sisters, neighbors and friends take for granted. We want to grow up in our families, go to the neighborhood school, use the same bus as our neighbors, work in jobs that are in line with our education and interests, and start families of our own” Adolf Ratzka, 1992.

“Nothing about us without us”, David Werner, 1998

[Independent Living]


Raising dependency1
Raising dependency

  • What is the most beneficial situation?

“Institution residents have many much more serious health problems than elderly people who live independently, and they have much less access to the resources that would allow them to continue living independently with such health problems.”

[SCPON, 1994]

  • Where do elderly people want to live?

With relatives (14%)

In an institution (2,5%)

At home (78,8%)

[SESPAS, 2004]


Independent living and autonomy at home
Independent Living and Autonomy at Home

  • Independent living implies performing Daily Living Activities (DLA) :

    • Personal care: Waking up and going to bed, feeding, bathing, going to the toilette

    • Home tasks: Cooking, shopping, cleaning

    • Communication: Picking up the phone, Opening the door when the bell is ringing, etc.

    • Entertainment: Listening to music, watching the TV

    • Safety: Facing emergency situations

Most housing is designed for young, active and mobile people

In Spain, more than one half of people with disabilities between 6 y 64 (70% for 65+) face problems when performing daily living activities (DLA).

[INE, 2000]


Personal asistance and independent living
Personal asistance and Independent Living

Accessibility

(Design for All + AT)

Requirements for

Personal autonomy

+

=

Personal

Assistance

Personal Assistance is based in services provided by persons who help people with disability to perform activities. For instance, those which can not be performed only with technological solutions


Personal assistance and independent living
Personal assistance and Independent Living

Rest of the

network

Personal Assistance

Co-ordination

Assistance network



Confident project description
Confident Project: description

PATS

Outdoors

GPRS

X10

DLM

Environment

sensors

RF

TA for the

PSD

Input/Output interface

ADSL/ISDN

DLA

Service Provider

GPRS

ADSL/ISDN

Coordination

Centre

TA for the

Professional

Assistant


Confident project description1
Confident Project: description

Outdoors

PATS

GPRS

X10

DLM

Environment

sensors

RF

TA for the

PSD

Input/Output interface

ADSL/ISDN

DLA

Service Provider

GPRS

ADSL/ISDN

Coordination

Centre

TA for the

Professional

Assistant


Confident project description2
Confident Project: description

PATS

Outdoors

GPRS

X10

DLM

Environment

sensors

RF

TA for the

PSD

Input/Output interface

ADSL/ISDN

DLA

Service Provider

GPRS

ADSL/ISDN

Coordination

Centre

TA for the

Professional

Assistant


Confident project description3
Confident Project: description

PATS

Outdoors

GPRS

X10

DLM

Environment

sensors

RF

TA for the

PSD

Input/Output interface

ADSL/ISDN

DLA

Service Provider

GPRS

ADSL/ISDN

Coordination

Centre

TA for the

Professional

Assistant


Confident project description4
Confident Project: description

PATS

Outdoors

GPRS

X10

DLM

Environment

sensors

RF

TA for the

PSD

Input/Output interface

ADSL/ISDN

DLA

Service Provider

GPRS

ADSL/ISDN

Coordination

Centre

TA for the

Professional

Assistant


Confident project description5
Confident Project: description

PATS

Outdoors

GPRS

X10

DLM

Environment

sensors

RF

TA for the

PSD

Input/Output interface

ADSL/ISDN

DLA

Service Provider

GPRS

ADSL/ISDN

Coordination

Centre

TA for the

Professional

Assistant



Telecare and independent living integral model
Telecare and Independent Living: Integral model

TELECARE INTEGRAL MODEL

Infrastructure

Providers

Policy

Makers

Standard

Developers

Service

Providers

USERS

Disabled people

Elderly people

Carers

Device and

Application

Developers

Equipment

Suppliers

METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH

Usability

Dependability

Sustainability

Ethics

PROVIDED SERVICES

Electronic

Assistive

Technologies

Information

Provisioning

Home Safety &

Security

Monitoring

Personal

Monitoring

UNIFIED ACCESS POINTS ASSESMENT COORDINATION


Methodological approach for an integral model
Methodological Approach for an Integral Model

Usability

Dependability

Sustainability

Ethics

Integral Model

IEEE 1471

Business Views

User Views

Technical Views

TOGAF

USERFIT

Administrative

Problem definition

Hardware

Organisational

Functional specification

Software

Financial

Evaluation

Communications

Deployment

Security

Marketing

Data


References
References

[INE, 2000]

“Encuesta sobre Discapacidades, Deficiencias y Estados de Salud, 1999”. Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid, 2000. http://www.ine.es/proyectos/discapaci/discacid.htm

[Independent Living]

http://www.independentliving.org/

[SESPAS, 2004]

SESPAS Report, 2004. Spanish Society of Public Health

http://www.sespas.es/fr_inf.html

[SCPON, 1996]

Social and Cultural Planning Office of the Netherlands.

“Report on the elderly” Chapter 13: Financial status and activities of elderly people in Residential care. 1996

http://www.scp.nl/english/publications/books/


Telecare design for all and independent living1

Life Supporting Technologies

Telecare, Design for All and Independent Living

Alejandro Rodríguez Ascaso

ETSI TC HF (STF 264)

[email protected]

Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

Human Factors and the Digital Home Workshop. ETSI, October 22nd


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