Initial readings of the data about contemporary chinese buddhist monasteries
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 17

Initial Readings of the Data About Contemporary Chinese Buddhist Monasteries PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 138 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Initial Readings of the Data About Contemporary Chinese Buddhist Monasteries. Jiang Wu 吴疆 Department of East Asian Studies Daoqin Tong 童道琴 School of Geography & Development The University of Arizona. Introduction to the Data. BGIS ECAI: Atlas of Chinese Religion China Data Center.

Download Presentation

Initial Readings of the Data About Contemporary Chinese Buddhist Monasteries

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Initial readings of the data about contemporary chinese buddhist monasteries

Initial Readings of the Data About Contemporary Chinese Buddhist Monasteries

Jiang Wu 吴疆

Department of East Asian Studies

Daoqin Tong 童道琴

School of Geography & Development

The University of Arizona


Introduction to the data

Introduction to the Data

  • BGIS

  • ECAI: Atlas of Chinese Religion

  • China Data Center


Assumptions of chinese monasteries

Assumptions of Chinese Monasteries

  • Buddhist monasteries are fundamentally independent and local institutions.

  • They are one of the types of local institution which has been allowed to grow in China.

  • Temple building activities are largely spontaneous endeavors undertaken by local communities

  • Thus, temple building can be retreated as an index to social and cultural development.


Purpose of this study

Purpose of this Study

  • Changing the paradigm in the study of Buddhism

  • From sectarian-based model to monastery-or place-based study

  • Identify various social, cultural, economic factors (viables) and their relationships to temple building

  • Identify patterns in the growth of Buddhism through history

  • Understand the transformation of Chinese society


Methods

Methods

  • Data sampling

  • Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA)

  • Regression analysis

  • Historical approach

  • Quantitative and qualitative research


Exploratory spatial data analysis esda

Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA)

  • Allow users to describe and visualize spatial distributions, discover patters of association, clusters, etc.

  • Explore the properties of datasets without the need for formal model building

  • We believe that the temple distribution is not random

  • Spatial autocorrelation


Spatial autocorrelation

Spatial Autocorrelation

  • Refers to the coincidence of attribute similarity and locational similarity (Anselin 1988)

  • Moran’s I (Anselin 1995)

    • Provides the degree of linear association between values observed at different locations

    • Positive vs. negative


China temple distribution

China Temple Distribution


Moran s i

Moran’s I

  • I=0.3951

  • P-value =0.0015 with 9999 random permutation

  • Positive spatial autocorrelation

LH

HH

LL

HL


Local indicator of spatial autocorrelation lisa

Local Indicator of Spatial Autocorrelation (LISA)

  • Capture local spatial clustering (Anselin 1995)

  • Provinces that are statistically significant


Factors to explain variability in temple distribution

Factors to Explain Variability in Temple Distribution

  • Linear regression

    • Dependent/Response variable (Y)

      • number of temples in a province

    • Independent/Explanatory variables (X’s)

      • Population

      • Income

      • Rural/urban

      • media (TV, newspaper, internet users)

      • Ethnicity

      • Education

      • Transportation


Regression results

Regression Results

  • R-square 0.69

  • Population (10,000)

  • Income (yuan)

  • Internet users (10,000)

  • HS_above (%)


Statistically insignificant

Statistically Insignificant

  • Population: Population does not contribute significantly to the variality of temple distribution.

  • Roads (km): transportation does not have correlations with temple distribution.

  • Interpretation: Chinese population is huge and transportation has been well-developed. Thus they have minimum impact.


Positive correlation

Positive Correlation

  • Income: Higher income level tends to boost the number of temples.

  • Museum: the existence of museum indicates the existence of more temples

  • Interpretation: Economic growth stimulates the growth of Buddhist institutions.

  • As cultural indicators, museums and monasteries have similar role in local society as they require local investment. (Note: some temples might have been appropriated as museums.


Negative correlations

Negative Correlations

  • Internet users: The area where the number of internet users increases may have negative impact on the distribution of Buddhist institutions.

  • HS_above: people with above high-school education may have negative impact on the building of Buddhist institutions.

  • Interpretation: Higher education may discourage the development of Buddhist institutions. (Not necessarily Buddhism as a whole.)


Future works

Future works

  • Narrow the scales to country level

  • Seeking continuities with data in Tang and Qing

  • Incorporating William Skinner’s Macro-region theory more effectively

  • Conducting residual analysis to identify the defects in the original data collection


  • Login