Ethics group proudly presents
Download
1 / 76

Ethics group proudly presents: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 146 Views
  • Updated On :

Ethics group proudly presents:. Education in preventing AIDS by Ulla Luhtasela How can we support AIDS patients? by Aung Zaw Naing Lin Religion and HIV by Sk. Akhtar Ahmad Is HIV still a death sentence in Asia? by Matiar Rahman Animal Testing and Clinical Trials by Varaporn Podprasart

Related searches for Ethics group proudly presents:

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Ethics group proudly presents:' - yoshe


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Ethics group proudly presents
Ethics group proudly presents:

  • Education in preventing AIDS by Ulla Luhtasela

  • How can we support AIDS patients? by Aung ZawNaing Lin

  • Religion and HIV by Sk. Akhtar Ahmad

  • Is HIV still a death sentence in Asia? by Matiar Rahman

  • Animal Testing and Clinical Trials by Varaporn Podprasart

  • A pregnant woman's right to choose to have an abortion when she has HIV infection by Julaporn Srinha

  • The Role of Law in HIV by Gunawan Pratama Yoga


Education in aids prevention

EDUCATION IN AIDS PREVENTION

by

Ulla Luhtasela

14.7.2000


Content of the presentation
Contentof the presentation

1. Introduction

2 Current situation in some Southeast Asian countries

-Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar, Malesia

3. Education for different groups


4. Sex and Aids education in the

schools

5. Education for CSW

6. Example of a prevention plan

7. Conclusion



  • Education is necessary component of HIV prevention

  • Coupled with promotion of practical prevention strategies, it can be a powerful motivator for positive behavior change

  • In most countries, an important first step is making people realize that they are at risk.



WHY? comparatively easy to stop spreading

  • knowledge about this disease has not reached everywhere

  • to change human behavior and attitude is extremely difficult

  • Education is one of the most important tools for the fight against HIV spread.



  • The promotion of proper use of condoms as well as availability of condoms are key elements in the prevention of AIDS in high risk groups

  • Availability of clean needles is a problem in many countries

  • School based sex education programs can be an important part of a comprehensive country-level HIV prevention plan

  • Policies that promote education for girls and young women


  • Particularly sex education should help dispel sexual myths for young people and raise awareness about the relative risks of sexual activity

  • Existence and level of sex education varies between the continents and countries enormously

  • Country-driven prevention plans are more effective than donor-driven


2 current situation
2. Current situation for young people and raise awareness about the relative risks of sexual activity


Thailand
Thailand for young people and raise awareness about the relative risks of sexual activity

  • The estimated number of the HIV positive individuals in the country is between 800 000 and 1 million

  • Recently in Bangkok new concerns about spread of AIDS has been the infections among the people who do not consider themselves to be in the high risk group


  • In 1997 the Thai government ordered local communities to increase efforts to control AIDS and to improve assistance offered to AIDS patients

  • The same year National Aids Foundation was set up to look into how to spent the government’s AIDS budget in addition to funds donated by private organizations



Mr mechai viravaidhya
Mr Mechai Viravaidhya prevent and control AIDS.

  • Thailand’s condom king has been active more than 10 years with introducing the condom to Thailand

  • He is president of the Population and Community Development Association

  • Opened a restaurant in Bangkok called “Cabbages and Condoms” as means of raising funds

  • Revolutionized the NGO world in Thailand.


Cambodia
CAMBODIA: prevent and control AIDS.

  • HIV has spread rapidly in Cambodia since it was first screened in 1991

  • 100 000-150 000 HIV infections in the country

  • Cambodia has the highest rate of increase if HIV

  • Struggling with highest rates of poverty, malnutrition and poor education.


  • About 87 % of young man are having sex with their girlfriends, prostitutes, or other males, but nearly half of sexually active men never used a condom

  • The disease is spreading faster in Cambodia than in any Asian nation except Burma and India

  • Even the awareness of AIDS is slowly increasing, the sexual behavior has not changed



  • In 1997 Buddhist monk Pal Hor, who was operating Cambodia’s HIV/AIDS treatment center provides traditional medicine and Bugghist counseling

  • Anti-AIDS treatment was unavailable in Cambodia this was a last hope for many desperate and suicidal patients.



  • Provide training, technical support and direct grant assistance to Cambodia's first generation of NGOs

  • Pact focused on human resource development, training many local NGOs in participatory management, planning communication, program development, financial management and community development


LAOS assistance to Cambodia's first generation of NGOs

  • Although Laos has so far avoided the high rates of HIV infections, epidemic remains a serious threat

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) reported 30 cases of AIDS in Laos in 1997. Although this figure is low, there are no other officially reported data available from this country


  • United Nations reported in 1997: “ Increasing urbanization and population mobility, as well as increased prostitution and drug use could facilitate a burst in infection rates.”

  • Many work in the sex trade and when they return home, there is a real risk of introducing AIDS to villages, which have no means to protect themselves





Malesia
MALESIA tailored for these groups working along with their project partner, the National Committee for the Control of AIDS.

  • In Malaysia, 300 new HIV cases are detected each month, and a total of 448 AIDS cases and 16,349 HIV cases were reported by June 30 1996.

  • The estimated figures may not reflect the actual number of new cases because many are not reported


  • Governmnet is concerned about situation,and hopes that the community together with parents, educators, and community organizations would join the battle against HIV

  • The government has approved the spending of $48 million for AIDS care between 1993 and 1995, but says that additional funding is needed




  • Program for Sex Workers has shown positive results in the experiment where CSW are reach out from brothels, back lane, streets and homes

  • Peer educators allows for information dissemination to take place in a non confrontational manner

  • Increasing amount of CSW have started to use good quality condoms


Myanmar
Myanmar experiment where CSW are reach out from brothels, back lane, streets and homes

  • According to United Nations statistics 1998, there was 440,000 HIV-positive individuals in Myanmar; however, some health workers estimate the number is higher

  • Prison conditions are reported to favor the spread of HIV




3 education for different groups
3. Education for different groups counter the spread of the virus, instituting anti-HIV and risk-reduction campaigns

  • Type of education depends on the people to whom it is targeted

  • Major groups are

    -Scientists

    -Public

    -CSW

    -Children

    -Youth


Scientists
Scientists counter the spread of the virus, instituting anti-HIV and risk-reduction campaigns

  • People who have higher education and want to learn more about clinical side of HIV

  • http://www.hopkins-aids.edu/hiv_lifecycle/index_fram.html


Public
Public counter the spread of the virus, instituting anti-HIV and risk-reduction campaigns

  • Newspapers, radio, television, advertisement, campaigns

  • Information in interesting form, to make people realize, that this could happen to anybody, maybe someone from their own family.


CSW counter the spread of the virus, instituting anti-HIV and risk-reduction campaigns

  • Improved health care should include also information about the risks

  • Flyers, posters and information should be translated into major languages in the region

  • Condoms should be available


Youth
Youth counter the spread of the virus, instituting anti-HIV and risk-reduction campaigns

  • Education should be implanted into the schools

  • Practical information how to protect yourself and the one you love

  • Condom should be introduced


Children
Children counter the spread of the virus, instituting anti-HIV and risk-reduction campaigns

  • Children hear and observe everything what is going around of them

  • Colorful children books are available at least in the western cultures.

  • A book from children to children is effective and help children to understand


4 sex and aids education in schools
4. Sex and AIDS counter the spread of the virus, instituting anti-HIV and risk-reduction campaignseducation in schools

  • Young people are especially vulnerable to HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases as well as for drug use

  • Many young people can not talk about sex or Aids either at home or in the community



  • Since most of the young people attend school at some point, these topics could and should be addressed by teachers and educators

  • There are number of obstacles which often stand in the way

  • Some countries have no policies on Aids education, and others can even have policies against AIDS education



  • In consequence, they may reject all that adults have to say, seeking guidance and role models from peers and from the media

  • research looking at the effects of sex education on young people's sexual behavior offers little evidence that it hastens the onset of sexual experience, or increases sexual risk among those who are already sexually active





Effective programs should following things
Effective programs should sexual and drug-related risks. Concerns with personal relationships, feelings and values should be recognized and emphasis put on the acquisition of relevant negotiation skillsfollowing things:

-Focus on life skills

-Concentrate on personalizing the risk

-Discuss about possible result of unprotected sex

-Introduce condom and show how to use it

-Explain where to turn for help and support


-Stress that skills useful for self-protection from HIV also help build self-confidence and avoid unwanted pregnancy, sexual abuse, and the abuse of drugs

-Reinforce values, norms and peer-group support for practicing and sustaining safe behavior and resisting unsafe behavior


It is important to help build self-confidence and avoid unwanted pregnancy, sexual abuse, and the abuse of drugs

  • provide sufficient time for classroom work and interactive teaching methods such as role play and group discussions

  • Start at the earliest possible age, certainly before the onset of sexual activity


5 education of commercial sex workers csw
5. Education of Commercial Sex Workers (CSW) help build self-confidence and avoid unwanted pregnancy, sexual abuse, and the abuse of drugs

  • For most women who enter the life of prostitution on the streets, their "choice of prostitution" often grows out of years of painful sexual exploitation, sexual molestation at very early ages, family violence, and persistent patterns of substance abuse


  • Since prostitutes are in the high-risk group, prevention of HIV infection is one of the most important tasks to protect both them and their clients

  • The ability to practice safer sex in prostitution is influenced by a range of factors, such as demand by clients for unprotected sex, urgent need for money, alcohol abuse, homelessness, ignorance, lack of resources, younger age etc.


  • The knowledge about HIV and prevention might also be insufficient, specially when young illegal girls are recruited from poor villages and hilltribes.

  • barriers to health care and health promotion for prostitutes, the clients and other sex partners, should be minimized.


Two main obstacles to get health care are identified
Two main obstacles to get health care are identified: insufficient, specially when young illegal girls are recruited from poor villages and hilltribes.

  • Many prostitutes do not qualify for health services

  • The health system is not appropriate for sex workers

    -negative attitude towards prostitutes and prostitution

    -ignorant about prostitution and the specific problems prostitutes


Implementation of education for csw
Implementation of Education for CSW: insufficient, specially when young illegal girls are recruited from poor villages and hilltribes.

  • Pilot phase for new projects

  • Continuity of funding

  • Involvement of sex workers

  • Skills of staff

  • Attitude of staff

  • Adequate payment of all staff

  • Location


  • Outreach insufficient, specially when young illegal girls are recruited from poor villages and hilltribes.

  • Solid infrastructure

  • Appropriate health education materials

  • HIV prevention in a broad perspective

  • Extension to remote areas

  • Attention to all forms of sex work

  • Attention to all sex workers


6 example of a prevention plan
6. Example of a prevention plan insufficient, specially when young illegal girls are recruited from poor villages and hilltribes.

  • Fogarty Workshop on International HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Opportunities on April 1998

  • Objective: To identify a package of effective HIV prevention interventions and develop a list of priority research goals that combine biomedical, behavioral and social interventions for feasible and relevant for developing countries with limited resources




Country a
Country A : be called Country A in this example

  • Small Southeast Asian country with population of 25 000 000 people

  • It is one of the poorest countries in the world

  • Illiteracy is high, for population over 15, only 35% can read and write

  • Morbidity and mortality rates are among the highest in the world



  • First reported AIDS case was diagnosed in 1993 the implementation of an effective public health program

  • Currently 200 000 people are estimated to be infected by HIV virus

  • That is 2% of the total population

  • Epidemic is based on regional spread rather than importation from outside the continent




Prevention plan for country a
Prevention plan for Country A: each province

  • Specific groups must be targeted and provided services necessary for their group’s specific risks

  • All the groups should have access to condoms and other services

  • Youth must be provided with life style skills and sex/Aids education

  • Women must be given skills and empowerment




7 conclusion
7. Conclusion confidence of those seeking it


  • Stakeholders confidence of those seeking it

    must be brought together to improve public awareness of the problem through information and education campaigns, analyze existing policies, and assess the health care system infrastructure.



  • To prevent spread of HIV/AIDS requires input from many different fields. Medical, educational, legislation and social sectors need to improve, work together, and adjust to the demands of this lethal disease

  • Ideally the rate of HIV infections will decrease as people start realizing that they are in danger



  • HIV/AIDS is a global problem, and requires international attention

  • Developing countries should be helped not only financially but also with “know how”

  • developing countries need to take their responsibility and contribute to the prevention plan and maintain projects

  • In a long run this is beneficial to everybody and hopefully can significantly reduce the rate of HIV infections


Thank you for your attention
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!! attention

-Dr. Maria

-Dr. Suvit

-MIT staff

-Our wonderful class


ad