International grid computing enabled by hpiis networks
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International Grid Computing Enabled by HPIIS Networks. Ian Foster Mathematics and Computer Science Division Argonne National Laboratory and Department of Computer Science The University of Chicago. Overview. Grid computing Importance of international cooperation

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International Grid Computing Enabled by HPIIS Networks

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International grid computing enabled by hpiis networks

InternationalGrid ComputingEnabled by HPIIS Networks

Ian Foster

Mathematics and Computer Science Division

Argonne National Laboratory

and

Department of Computer Science

The University of Chicago


Overview

Overview

  • Grid computing

  • Importance of international cooperation

  • My personal experiences with intl activities

  • The emergence of an intl Grid community

  • Emerging international Grid applications

  • Future directions


Grid computing

Grid Computing

  • Enabling new approaches to collaborative problem solving based on resource sharing in geographically distributed communities

    • Much as the Internet enabled new approaches based on remote collaboration

    • No central control, omniscience, strong trust

  • Two principal elements of an R&D agenda

    • Understanding these new approaches

    • Defining and creating the infrastructure required to support resource sharing


Grid communities and applications nsf national technology grid

Grid Communities and Applications:NSF National Technology Grid


Grid communities and applications natl earthquake engineering simulation

Grid Communities and Applications:Natl Earthquake Engineering Simulation

  • NEESgrid: national infrastructure to couple earthquake engineers with experimental facilities, databases, computers, & each other

  • On-demand access to experiments, data streams, computing, archives, collaboration

NEESgrid: Argonne, Michigan, NCSA, UIUC, USC


What do we mean by infrastructure

What do we Mean by “Infrastructure”?

  • High-speed networks

    • Sine qua non for many applications

  • Protocols and services, e.g.

    • Authentication and authorization

    • Secure remote resource access

    • Resource discovery

  • Tools

  • Community

    Different elements closely interrelated


U s experience infrastructure builds community builds infrastructure

U.S. Experience: Infrastructure Builds Community Builds Infrastructure …

  • Early 90s

    • Gigabit testbeds, metacomputing

  • Mid to late 90s

    • Early experiments (e.g., I-WAY), academic software projects (e.g., Globus), application experiments

  • 2000

    • Major application communities emerging

    • Major infrastructure deployments

    • Rich technology base

    • Grid Forum: >300 people, >90 orgs, 11 countries


International grid computing

International Grid Computing

  • International cooperation is important

    • Applications are often international in scope

    • Technology expertise is distributed

    • Cost of non-cooperation is high

  • International cooperation will not just happen but must be encouraged

    • Provide infrastructure

    • Engage application groups and computer scientists, demonstrate feasibility

    • Build community


Creation of an international grid community

Creation of anInternational Grid Community

  • 1995 I-WAY a defining event in the U.S.

  • NSF PACIs, NASA Info Power Grid follow

  • GUSTO launches large-scale intl cooperation

  • HPIIS networks and iGrid events promote international applications

  • 1998-2000: Increasing international contacts

  • 1999: Grid Forum and eGrid formed

  • 2000: European Data Grid, GriPhyN, PPDG

  • March 2001: 1st Global Grid Forum meeting


Gusto computational grid

GUSTO Computational Grid


International grid computing collaboration in astrophysics

International Grid Computing:Collaboration in Astrophysics


International grid computing mathematicians solve nug30

International Grid Computing:Mathematicians Solve NUG30

  • Community=an informal collaboration of mathematicians and computer scientists

  • Condor-G delivers 3.46E8 CPU seconds in 7 days (peak 1009 processors) in U.S. and Italy (8 sites)

  • Solves NUG30 quadratic assignment problem

  • 14,5,28,24,1,3,16,15,

  • 10,9,21,2,4,29,25,22,

  • 13,26,17,30,6,20,19,

  • 8,18,7,27,12,11,23

MetaNEOS: Argonne, Iowa, Northwestern, Wisconsin


Grid physics network griphyn

Grid Physics Network (GriPhyN)

Enabling R&D for advanced data grid systems, focusing in particular on Virtual Data concept

ATLAS

CMS

LIGO

SDSS


Grid forum history participants institutions countries

Grid Forum History[Participants – Institutions – Countries]

  • November 1998: BOF at SC98

    • Chairs Ian Foster (ANL), Bill Johnston (LBL/NAS)

  • June 1999: GF1 (San Jose — NASA Ames) [150 – 50 – 4]

    • Initial structure discussions; formation of working groups

  • October 1999: GF2 (Chicago — iCAIR) [130 – 60 – 4]

    • Focused on working group progress and Structure

  • March 2000: GF3 (San Diego — SDSC) [160 – 70 – 7]

    • Finalized charters, begin detailed work

  • June 2000: GF4 (Redmond — Microsoft) [120 – 60 – 6]

    • Increase in industry participation, first Grid Working Drafts

  • October 2000: GF5 (Boston — Sun) [190 – 95 – 11]

    • New WG, increased industry participation

  • March 2001: GF6/Global Grid Forum 1 (Amsterdam)

    • Merging efforts with European Grid Forum (eGrid)


Current grid forum groups

Current Grid Forum Groups

Grid Forum

eGrid

Steering Grp

Steering Grp

Accounting

Applications

Applications & Testbeds

Security

Grid Info Services

Adv. Prog. Models

Programming Models

Object Oriented

Grid User Services

Remote Data Access

Data Access

Security

Scheduling & Rsrc Mgmt

Resource Management

Grid Performance

Performance Analysis


Proposed global grid forum

Advisory Board

Steering Group

Accounting

Applications

Applications & Testbeds

Grid User Services

Grid Info Services

Adv. Prog. Models

Programming Models

Object Oriented

Remote Data Access

Data Access

Scheduling & Rsrc Mgmt

Resource Management

Grid Performance

Performance Analysis

Security

Security

Proposed Global Grid Forum

Global Grid Forum

  • Single leadership team

  • Annual Global Grid Forum Meeting alternating among regions

  • Challenge: working group coordination


The future

The Future

  • Current HPIIS networks have only served to stimulate interest!

  • Rapid evolution of Grid technologies and application concepts is increasing appetite for network capabilities

  • We are ready for far more aggressive R&D activities

    • “TransOceanic Gigabit->Terabit Testbed”

    • Production applications in numerous scientific applications—and humanities?


Summary

Summary

  • International cooperation is particularly important for Grid computing

  • HPIIS has helped to stimulate the creation of an international Grid community

    • Dozens of international partnerships

    • Global Grid Forum: >300 people, >90 orgs, 11 countries

  • A tremendous success!

  • Timely to start thinking about how to build on this success in the future


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