Chapter 3
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Chapter 3 . The Work of Speaking and Listening. Vocal Production. We make a vast variety of amazing sounds; form giggles to growns; talking to singing; even yawns, whistles, and screams. How do we make all of those sounds?

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Chapter 3

The Work of Speaking and Listening


Vocal Production

  • We make a vast variety of amazing sounds; form giggles to growns; talking to singing; even yawns, whistles, and screams.

  • How do we make all of those sounds?

  • The more we know about how, the better we can control the way we produce sounds.


Beatbox Examples

Video 1 - MIB

Video 2 - Amazing

Video 3 - Felix

Video 4 – Girl

Video 5 – Must See


Steps of Vocal Production

  • Breath and Sound

    • Breath Control

      • Diaphragm, Trachea, Lungs

      • Demonstration

      • Video-Breathing

    • Sound Production

      • Larnyx, Vocal Cords, Glottis and Epiglottis

        • Larnyx controls pitch

      • Video-Speech and Voice


Steps of Vocal Production

  • Resonance

    • Sound produced by vocal cords moves upward in the throat to resonating chamber. Like echoes in a cave.

      • Pharnyx - muscle between mouth and nasal cavities

    • Video – 5th Element


Steps of Vocal Production

  • Articulation

    • The way our mouths form words

    • Articluators – tongue, teeth, jaw, hard and soft palate, and lips

    • Video 1- Speech, Voice, Fluency

    • Video 2 - Wabbits

    • Video 3-Art of speech


Journal Response

  • List, Define, and Describe the Steps of Vocal Production in your Speech Journal.


The Listening Process

  • What distinguishes listening from hearing?

  • The Four-step Process to Listening…

    • Receiving

    • Interpreting

    • Evaluating

    • Responding

      Recently, in many universities and speech texts, the elements have been revised or reffered to as a five-step process– Hearing, Attending, Understanding, Responding, and Remembering.


Receiving

  • Hearing is only the first step!

  • This is the physical parts, hearing with your ears and seeing with your eyes.


Interpreting

  • Thinking process…

    • Influences…

      • Previous Experiences

      • Background Knowledge


Evaluating

  • Thinking process

    • Make Connections

      • Gain Understanding

    • Make decisions on understanding

      • Have enough information

      • Need more information


Responding

  • Verbal and or Nonverbal

  • Acknowledging message received and understood.

  • Listening Responses

    • Questioning

    • Paraphrasing

    • Advising

    • Judging

    • Analyzing

    • Supporting

    • Prompting

    • Video

  • Video Example 1 (etrade)

  • Video Example 2 (geico)


Journal Response

  • Describe the listening process and include examples.


Types of Listening

  • Informative

  • Empathic

  • Critical

  • Creative

    Each type requires effort and awareness.


Informative Listening

  • Gathering information

    • Examples:

      • School (note-taking)

      • Taking phone messages

      • Recipes

      • Directions

      • Media – weather, politics, news

      • Demonstrations (how to do something)


Empathic Listening

  • Listening to another’s feelings.

    • Listening to someone’s problems

    • Sharing concern

    • Showing sympathy

    • Express caring


Critical Listening

  • Examining information

  • Choosing a side

  • Making a stand

  • Requires separating fact from opinion


Creative Listening

  • Using your imagination as you interpret the message.

  • Creating pictures in your mind (visuallizing) the message as you listen.


Journal Response

  • Describe a scenario, an experience, for each of the four types of listening.


Barriers to Listening

  • Three major barriers to listening:

  • External Barriers

  • Speaker Barriers

  • Self-Barriers

  • Does not include hearing-impairments.


External Barriers

  • Situations in the environment that keep you from paying careful attention to the speaker.

  • Distractions

  • Can you think of some examples?


Speaker Barriers

  • Characteristics of the speaker that interfere with listening.

  • Appearance, Mannerisms

  • Prejudices

  • Believability

  • Can you think of some examples?


Self-Barriers

  • Personal attitudes or behaviors that interfere with listening.

  • Internal Distractions

    • Thoughts

    • Feelings

    • Physical state

  • Lack of Knowledge

  • Personal Prejudices

  • Desire to Talk

  • Can you think of some examples?


Barriers Observation

  • Watch this clip from the movie, “A Few Good Men” then discuss and describe in your journals, some barriers to good listening that are exhibited.


Guidelines for Good Listening

  • Watch for nonverbal clues.

  • Try to see things from the speaker’s point of view.

  • Avoid Distractions.

  • Listen for the new and unusual.

  • Listen for repetition.

  • Get prepared.

  • Respond (appropriately) to speaker.

  • Apply the ideas to yourself.

  • Listen for structure.

  • Review and preview points.


Journal Response

  • How will you apply the guidelines of good listening in your life.


Chapter Summary & Review

  • Pages 68-69

  • Think about it - #1-5

  • Put it in writing - #1


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