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Chapter 3 . The Work of Speaking and Listening. Vocal Production. We make a vast variety of amazing sounds; form giggles to growns; talking to singing; even yawns, whistles, and screams. How do we make all of those sounds?

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Chapter 3

Chapter 3

The Work of Speaking and Listening


Vocal production

Vocal Production

  • We make a vast variety of amazing sounds; form giggles to growns; talking to singing; even yawns, whistles, and screams.

  • How do we make all of those sounds?

  • The more we know about how, the better we can control the way we produce sounds.


Beatbox examples

Beatbox Examples

Video 1 - MIB

Video 2 - Amazing

Video 3 - Felix

Video 4 – Girl

Video 5 – Must See


Steps of vocal production

Steps of Vocal Production

  • Breath and Sound

    • Breath Control

      • Diaphragm, Trachea, Lungs

      • Demonstration

      • Video-Breathing

    • Sound Production

      • Larnyx, Vocal Cords, Glottis and Epiglottis

        • Larnyx controls pitch

      • Video-Speech and Voice


Steps of vocal production1

Steps of Vocal Production

  • Resonance

    • Sound produced by vocal cords moves upward in the throat to resonating chamber. Like echoes in a cave.

      • Pharnyx - muscle between mouth and nasal cavities

    • Video – 5th Element


Steps of vocal production2

Steps of Vocal Production

  • Articulation

    • The way our mouths form words

    • Articluators – tongue, teeth, jaw, hard and soft palate, and lips

    • Video 1- Speech, Voice, Fluency

    • Video 2 - Wabbits

    • Video 3-Art of speech


Journal response

Journal Response

  • List, Define, and Describe the Steps of Vocal Production in your Speech Journal.


The listening process

The Listening Process

  • What distinguishes listening from hearing?

  • The Four-step Process to Listening…

    • Receiving

    • Interpreting

    • Evaluating

    • Responding

      Recently, in many universities and speech texts, the elements have been revised or reffered to as a five-step process– Hearing, Attending, Understanding, Responding, and Remembering.


Receiving

Receiving

  • Hearing is only the first step!

  • This is the physical parts, hearing with your ears and seeing with your eyes.


Interpreting

Interpreting

  • Thinking process…

    • Influences…

      • Previous Experiences

      • Background Knowledge


Evaluating

Evaluating

  • Thinking process

    • Make Connections

      • Gain Understanding

    • Make decisions on understanding

      • Have enough information

      • Need more information


Responding

Responding

  • Verbal and or Nonverbal

  • Acknowledging message received and understood.

  • Listening Responses

    • Questioning

    • Paraphrasing

    • Advising

    • Judging

    • Analyzing

    • Supporting

    • Prompting

    • Video

  • Video Example 1 (etrade)

  • Video Example 2 (geico)


Journal response1

Journal Response

  • Describe the listening process and include examples.


Types of listening

Types of Listening

  • Informative

  • Empathic

  • Critical

  • Creative

    Each type requires effort and awareness.


Informative listening

Informative Listening

  • Gathering information

    • Examples:

      • School (note-taking)

      • Taking phone messages

      • Recipes

      • Directions

      • Media – weather, politics, news

      • Demonstrations (how to do something)


Empathic listening

Empathic Listening

  • Listening to another’s feelings.

    • Listening to someone’s problems

    • Sharing concern

    • Showing sympathy

    • Express caring


Critical listening

Critical Listening

  • Examining information

  • Choosing a side

  • Making a stand

  • Requires separating fact from opinion


Creative listening

Creative Listening

  • Using your imagination as you interpret the message.

  • Creating pictures in your mind (visuallizing) the message as you listen.


Journal response2

Journal Response

  • Describe a scenario, an experience, for each of the four types of listening.


Barriers to listening

Barriers to Listening

  • Three major barriers to listening:

  • External Barriers

  • Speaker Barriers

  • Self-Barriers

  • Does not include hearing-impairments.


External barriers

External Barriers

  • Situations in the environment that keep you from paying careful attention to the speaker.

  • Distractions

  • Can you think of some examples?


Speaker barriers

Speaker Barriers

  • Characteristics of the speaker that interfere with listening.

  • Appearance, Mannerisms

  • Prejudices

  • Believability

  • Can you think of some examples?


Self barriers

Self-Barriers

  • Personal attitudes or behaviors that interfere with listening.

  • Internal Distractions

    • Thoughts

    • Feelings

    • Physical state

  • Lack of Knowledge

  • Personal Prejudices

  • Desire to Talk

  • Can you think of some examples?


Barriers observation

Barriers Observation

  • Watch this clip from the movie, “A Few Good Men” then discuss and describe in your journals, some barriers to good listening that are exhibited.


Guidelines for good listening

Guidelines for Good Listening

  • Watch for nonverbal clues.

  • Try to see things from the speaker’s point of view.

  • Avoid Distractions.

  • Listen for the new and unusual.

  • Listen for repetition.

  • Get prepared.

  • Respond (appropriately) to speaker.

  • Apply the ideas to yourself.

  • Listen for structure.

  • Review and preview points.


Journal response3

Journal Response

  • How will you apply the guidelines of good listening in your life.


Chapter summary review

Chapter Summary & Review

  • Pages 68-69

  • Think about it - #1-5

  • Put it in writing - #1


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