Maternal child contributions to cognitive development in 12 24 and 36 month olds
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 15

Maternal-Child Contributions to Cognitive Development in 12, 24, and 36 Month Olds PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 59 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Maternal-Child Contributions to Cognitive Development in 12, 24, and 36 Month Olds. J.C. Graff, L.E. Murphy, F.B. Palmer, C.M. Warner- Metzer , C. Butzon-Reed, B. Keisling, C. Klubnik, L. Benner, S. Bliss, F.A. Tylavsky University of Tennessee Health Science Center, The Urban Child Institute.

Download Presentation

Maternal-Child Contributions to Cognitive Development in 12, 24, and 36 Month Olds

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Maternal child contributions to cognitive development in 12 24 and 36 month olds

Maternal-Child Contributions to Cognitive Development in 12, 24, and 36 Month Olds

J.C. Graff, L.E. Murphy, F.B. Palmer, C.M. Warner-Metzer, C. Butzon-Reed, B. Keisling, C. Klubnik, L. Benner, S. Bliss, F.A. Tylavsky

University of Tennessee Health Science Center, The Urban Child Institute


Purpose

Purpose

  • Examine maternal and child predictors of cognitive development in 12, 24, and 36 month old children enrolled in the CANDLE Study being conducted by a cross-disciplinary, cross-institutional team of researchers.


Candle study

CANDLE Study

The CANDLE Study (Conditions Affecting Neurocognitive Development and Learning in Early Childhood) is designed to:

  • Evaluate 1,500 pregnant women and their children living in Memphis/Shelby County, TN from the second trimester into childhood.

  • Investigate the wide range of genetic, epigenetic, demographic, environmental and social factors influencing child development across urban and suburban neighborhoods.


Maternal criteria for enrollment

Maternal Criteria for Enrollment

  • Pregnant women between 16 and 28 weeks gestation

  • Shelby County resident

  • Low risk pregnancy

  • Between the ages of 16 and 40

  • Speak and understand English

  • Single pregnancy

  • Must be willing to give consent


Measures

Measures

  • Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd edition (BSID-III; Bayley, 2006)

    • Cognitive, Receptive communication, Expressive communication

  • Parent-Child Interaction Teaching Scale (PCI, Sumner & Spietz, 1994)

    • Caregiver and child subscales and total scores

  • Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI, Wechsler, 1999)

    • Total IQ

  • Demographic characteristics of participants

    • Maternal age, education, race, marital status, insurance

    • Child gestational age


  • Cognitive outcomes

    Cognitive outcomes

    1BSID-III Screener administered.


    Logistic regression predicting development at 12 months

    Logistic regression predicting development at 12 months


    Regression analysis predicting cognitive development at 24 months

    Regression analysis predicting cognitive development at 24 months

    Note. R2 = .32 (N=500, p <.001).


    Regression analysis predicting cognitive development at 36 months

    Regression analysis predicting cognitive development at 36 months

    Note. R2 = .29 (N=202, p <.001).


    Conclusion

    Conclusion

    • Observed cognitive growth fostering behavior measured by the Teaching Scale contributed to cognitive development in 12, 24, and 36 month olds.

    • The variables making the greatest contribution to the young child’s development varied across these three time points.

    • Additionally, maternal characteristics, i.e., education, socioeconomic status, and race, varied at each time point.


    Recommendation

    Recommendation

    • Factors contributing to maternal behaviors that foster child development should be examined carefully.

    • As the CANDLE Study data collection continues, statistical analyses can be conducted to identify groups within this population that can benefit from interventions that are tailored to maternal and child characteristics and available resources to the children, their mothers, and their families.


    Maternal child contributions to cognitive development in 12 24 and 36 month olds

    Special thanks to CANDLE study mothers, children and their families!

    Contact Information:

    J. Carolyn Graff, PhD, RN

    [email protected]

    Fran A. Tylavsky, DPH

    [email protected]

    Amy Mary Scheck, MA

    [email protected]


    Candle investigators examiners staff and collaborators

    CANDLE Investigators, Examiners, Staff, and Collaborators

    • University of Tennessee Health Science Center

      • College of Medicine

        • Preventive Medicine

        • Pediatrics

        • Boling Center for Developmental Disabilities

      • College of Nursing

    • The Urban Child Institute

    • University of Memphis

    • Regional Medical Center

    • Vanderbilt University

    • University of Alabama, Birmingham

    • Tulane University

    • Texas Tech University

    • University of North Carolina, Charlotte

    • University of Montreal


  • Login