Steve manske ed d suzy wong m sc
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Steve Manske, Ed.D. Suzy Wong, M.Sc. An Effective Youth School-based Surveillance Tool. KNOWLEDGE. INFORMATION. Differentiating Data, Information & Knowledge. disconnected facts about events (objective). Information in context or put into action (subjective).

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An Effective Youth School-based Surveillance Tool

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Steve Manske, Ed.D.

Suzy Wong, M.Sc.

An Effective Youth School-based Surveillance Tool


KNOWLEDGE

INFORMATION

Differentiating Data, Information & Knowledge

  • disconnected facts about events (objective)

  • Information in context or put into action (subjective)

  • data arranged in meaningful patterns

DATA


WORLD of

EVIDENCE

III. Create the Future

III. Create the Future

I. Build on Past Experience

PRACTICE

RESEARCH

Resources &

Recommendations

II. Take Action in the Present

II. Take Action in the Present


Local Data Collection Systems

  • CBRPE & PHR at UW have developed a school-based data collection system

  • School Health Action, Planning and Evaluation System (SHAPES)

  • Designed to facilitate surveillance, evaluation and planning by school stakeholders and public health


SHAPES

  • Modular system

    • Smoking

    • Physical activity

  • Each module has 3 components

    • Student questionnaire

    • Feedback report

    • Administrator questionnaire


SHAPES Student Questionnaire


SHAPES Feedback Report


SHAPES Administrator Questionnaire

  • Completed by an administrator from each school:

    • School characteristics

    • Policies

    • Programs

    • Facilities (PA)

  • Enables multiples levels of data collection and analysis


Key Features of SHAPES

  • Responsive questionnaire

  • Quality control

  • Simple and low cost

  • Knowledge exchange

  • Potential to compare across sites


Reliability of the PA Module

  • One-week test-retest

  • N=1586

  • Grades 9-12

  • 13 secondary schools


Reliability Results

  • Kappa was between 0.61-1.0 for 57% of the questions (substantial agreement)

  • Kappa was between 0.41-0.60 for 24% of the questions (fair agreement)


Validity of the PA Module

  • Criterion validity

    • Physical activity by accelerometers

    • BMI by measured height and weight

  • N=56

  • Grades 6, 7, 8, 10, 12

  • 1 school


Validity Results

  • Self-reported vs. accelerometer measured time spent doing moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (r = 0.44, p < 0.01)

  • Self-reported vs. measured BMI (r = 0.90, p < 0.001)


Current Uses of SHAPES in Ontario

  • SHAPES Ontario study (www.shapes.uwaterloo.ca)

    • 100+ high schools in 8 health unit regions

    • PA & smoking modules

    • Schools receive feedback reports

    • Health units receive data for their region

  • KE component to SHAPES Ontario

    • Creating “a community of practice” to build capacity to use school-based evidence


Current uses of SHAPES - continued

  • Youth Smoking Survey (www.yss.uwaterloo.ca)

    • 2004-05; 2006-07 data collection in Ontario

    • Opportunities to analyze data & write reports (CDIC supplement)

    • Examples of how modules can be altered for specific groups

  • Lungs are for Life evaluation

  • exposé evaluation (City of Ottawa Health Dept)

    • 3-year follow-up of baseline data


Next Steps in SHAPES Development

  • Future modules

    • Sun behaviour

    • Eating behaviour

    • School issues (e.g. bullying)

  • Interactive system to make data available to public health for local analysis

  • YSS 2007


Other Ways to Get Involved

  • Canadian School Physical Activity and Nutrition Network (www.canspann.uwaterloo.ca)

    • Priorities for research determined by policy makers, practitioners and researchers

    • National scope

  • Population Interventions for Chronic Disease Prevention (www.picdp.uwaterloo.ca)

    • Sociobehavioural Cancer Research Network

    • Contact Steve Manske, [email protected]


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