Section 2 lower federal courts
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 25

Section 2 -Lower Federal Courts PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 131 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Section 2 -Lower Federal Courts. Federal Judges:. Just like members of Congress do the work of the legislative branch, federal judges do the work of the judicial branch. A judge is supposed to be impartial, and not favor one political party over the other. Selection of Federal Judges.

Download Presentation

Section 2 -Lower Federal Courts

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Section 2 lower federal courts

Section 2 -Lower Federal Courts


Federal judges

Federal Judges:

  • Just like members of Congress do the work of the legislative branch, federal judges do the work of the judicial branch.

  • A judge is supposed to be impartial, and not favor one political party over the other.


Selection of federal judges

Selection of Federal Judges

  • All federal judges are appointed by the President

  • confirmed by the Senate

  • They serve life terms and can only be removed by the impeachment process.


Judicial philosophy

Judicial Philosophy

  • Presidents often try to appoint judges that share their own point of view on key issues.


Presidents practice senatorial courtesy

Presidents practice Senatorial Courtesy

  • submits the name of a candidate for judicial appointment to the senators from the candidate’s state before formally submitting it for full senate approval.

  • If either of the Senators opposes the choice the President will w/draw the nomination.


Two types of federal courts

Two types of federal courts:

  • DistrictCourts

  • Legislative Courts


District courts

District Courts:

  • There are 94 district courts scattered across the US with more than 550 judges presiding over them.

  • KY has 2 district courts-East and West


Section 2 lower federal courts

  • Districts followed state boundary lines but as states grew, congress divided states into more than one district.

  • The Federal District courts were created as trial courts for both civil and criminal cases.


Two types of juries in criminal cases

Two types of Juries in criminal cases:

  • a grand jury- (16-23 people) hears charges against a person accused of a crime

  • If there is sufficient evidence to bring the person to trial they issue an indictment(formal accusation charging a person with a crime)


Section 2 lower federal courts

  • petit jury or trial jury(6-12people) - which weighs the evidence presented in a trial.


Section 2 lower federal courts

  • Each district has a US attorney to represent the US in all civil suits brought against the govt and to prosecute people charged with federal crimes.

  • A US Marshall carries out such duties as making arrests, securing jurors, and keeping order in the courtroom.


Federal court of appeals

Federal Court of Appeals

  • Congress created the US court of appeals to ease the appeals workload of the Supreme Court.


Federal appellate

Federal Appellate

  • 13 US court of appeals

  • The US is divided into 12 judicial circuits (regions) with 1 appellate court in each region.

  • The 13th court is a special appeals court with national jurisdiction.  


Legislative courts

Legislative Courts:

Help Congress exercise its power

  • The US claims court- claims against the US for money damages

  • US Tax Court-cases relating to federal taxes.

  • The Court of Military Appeals- Armed forces highest appeals court

  • Territorial Courts-Virgin Islands, Guam and Northern Mariana Islands and Puerto Rico

  • Courts of DC-handles cases in DC-b/c it is a federal district

  • The US Court of Veteran’s Appeals


Section 3 overview of the supreme court

Section 3- Overview of the Supreme Court


Article iii

Article III

  • Created the Supreme Court

  • The main purpose is to serve as the final court of appeals for both the state and federal court systems.

  • IT is the court of last resort in all questions of federal law.

  • It’s the highest court in our federal court system.


Section 2 lower federal courts

  • The court is not required to hear all cases presented before it and carefully chooses the cases it will hear.


Supreme court jurisdiction

Supreme Court Jurisdiction:

  • Original Jurisdiction:

    • Under original it hears 2 types of cases: cases involving representatives of foreign govt and cases disputes between states-this is a very small work load maybe 5 cases per year

      Appellate Jurisdiction- most of the cases the Supreme Court hears is on appeal.


Justices

Justices:

  • 9 Justices: 8 Associate Justices and 1 Chief Justice

  • The Constitution sets no qualifications for the Justices.


Section 2 lower federal courts

  • Congress sets the salary of the justices and may not reduce it

  • (2011)-Chief Justice -$223,500,

  • Associate Justices- $213,900

  • Congress may remove justices by impeachment for treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.

  • Main job is to hear and rule on cases.


Want to work for the court

Want to work for the Court?

  • Law clerks chosen by the justices help them research cases, summarize key issues in a case, and assist in writing drafts on justices opinions.


Appointing justices

Appointing Justices

  • Justices are appointed by the president and must be approved by the Senate.

  • Political considerations often play a major part in presidential appointments to the court with members of the president’s own party being named if their prospects of winning senate approval are good.


Section 2 lower federal courts

  • The American Bar Association- has played a role in the selection of justices by rating nominee’s qualifications.

  • Interest groups such as organized labor, civil rights groups, and the National Organization for

  • Women attempt to influence Senators voting on nominated justices.

  • Sitting SC justices may have considerable influence on the selection of new justices.


Current supreme court

Current Supreme Court:


  • Login