Algae in aquatic marine and terrestrial systems l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 31

Algae in Aquatic, Marine, and Terrestrial Systems PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Algae in Aquatic, Marine, and Terrestrial Systems. General Biology, Systematics, Ecology, and Environmental Impact. Algae in Aquatic, Marine, and Terrestrial Systems. Polyphyletic group: multiple genealogies Prokaryotic algae (cyanobacteria) and Eukaryotic algae (protistans; not true plants)

Download Presentation

Algae in Aquatic, Marine, and Terrestrial Systems

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Algae in aquatic marine and terrestrial systems l.jpg

Algae in Aquatic, Marine, and Terrestrial Systems

General Biology, Systematics, Ecology, and Environmental Impact

Algae in aquatic marine and terrestrial systems2 l.jpg

Algae in Aquatic, Marine, and Terrestrial Systems

  • Polyphyletic group: multiple genealogies

  • Prokaryotic algae (cyanobacteria) and Eukaryotic algae (protistans; not true plants)

  • Autotrophy

  • Body form: unicellular, filamentous, and multicellular

  • Diverse group: Over 26,900 eukaryotic algal species described.

Divisions phyla of algae l.jpg

Divisions (Phyla) of Algae

  • Prokaryotic Algae

    • Division Cyanophyta (cyanobacteria or blue-green algae)

    • not the first photosynthetic organisms, but ancient (3.5 billion years based on fossil record)

    • one organelle is present in the form of simple, flattened vesicles called thylakoids (2 photosystems present)

    • Chlorophyll a, phycobiliproteins; prochlorophytes are related species that possess chlorophyll a, b, and (c)

    • Carbohydrate Reserve: Starch

Single celled to filamentous blue green alga or cyanobacterium l.jpg

Single-celled to filamentous blue-green alga or cyanobacterium

Colonial cyanobacterium l.jpg

Colonial Cyanobacterium

  • Gleocapsa

Filamentous to semi multicellular cyanobacterium l.jpg

Filamentous to semi-multicellular Cyanobacterium

  • Nostoc

Filamentous cyanobacterium l.jpg

Filamentous Cyanobacterium

  • Oscillatoria

Divisions of eukaryotic algae l.jpg

Divisions of Eukaryotic Algae

  • Division Rhodophyta (red algae)

  • Division Chlorophyta (green algae)

  • Division Chromophyta (= Chrysophyta - golden brown algae, yellow-green algae, diatoms; and Phaeophyta - the brown algae, for example, kelps)

  • Division Haptophyta

  • Division Dinophyta (= Pyrrophyta - dinoflagellates)

  • Division Cryptophyta (cryptomonads)

  • Division Euglenophyta (Euglena spp.)

Photosynthetic pigments food reserves l.jpg

Photosynthetic Pigments & Food Reserves

Unicellular green alga l.jpg

Unicellular Green Alga

Conjugation sexual reproduction l.jpg

Conjugation – Sexual Reproduction

Filamentous green alga l.jpg

Filamentous Green Alga

Colonial green alga l.jpg

Colonial Green Alga

Multicellular green algae l.jpg

Multicellular Green Algae

Ulva - sea lettuce

Desmid cosmarium l.jpg

Desmid - Cosmarium

Diatoms l.jpg


Dinoflagellate algae l.jpg

Dinoflagellate Algae

  • Cellulose-containing armor plates that give them a sculpted appearance

  • most species found in salt-water environments

  • common cause of red tides - algal blooms

Euglenoids l.jpg


Red algae l.jpg

Red Algae

Smithora naiadum - a epiphyte on eel and surf grass

Porphyra - nori use to wrap uncooked fish & other food items

Pikea robusta

Brown algae l.jpg

Brown algae

Fucus sp.

Nereocystis luekeana

Alaskan kelp forest l.jpg

Alaskan Kelp Forest

Beneficial aspects of algae l.jpg

Beneficial Aspects of Algae

  • Food for humans

  • Food for invertebrates and fishes in mariculture

  • Animal feed

  • Soil fertilizers and conditioners in agriculture

  • Treatment of waste water

  • Diatomaceous earth (= diatoms)

  • Chalk deposits

  • Phycocolloids (agar, carrageenan from red algae; alginates from brown algae)

  • Drugs

  • Model system for research

  • Phycobiliproteins for fluorescence microscopy

Detrimental aspects of algae l.jpg

Detrimental Aspects of Algae

  • Blooms of freshwater algae

  • Red tides and marine blooms

  • Toxins accumulated in food chains

  • Damage to cave paintings, frescoes, and other works of art

  • Fouling of ships and other submerged surfaces

  • Fouling of the shells of commercially important bivalves

Red tide bloom l.jpg

Red tide bloom

  • Prorocentrum micans bloom

  • Associated with Hurricane Floyd, which ended a dry summer

  • surface of water slick with this dinoflagellate


Algal bloom before and after l.jpg

Algal Bloom: Before and After



Red tide l.jpg

Red Tide

Satellite imagery of red tides l.jpg

Satellite Imagery of Red Tides

Toxic phytoplankton human poisoning l.jpg

Toxic Phytoplankton & Human poisoning

  • Paralytic shellfish poisoning - saxitoxin

  • Neurotxic shellfish poisoning - brevetoxin

  • Ciguatera fish poisoning - ciguatoxin and maitotoxin

  • Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning - okadaic acid

  • Amnesic shellfish poisoning - domoic acid

  • Cyanobacterial neurotoxins - anatoxins

  • Cyanobacterial hepatotoxins - microcystin, nodularin

  • Dermatitis - lyngbyatoxin, aplysiatoxin

Bird sudden death syndrome l.jpg

Bird Sudden Death Syndrome

Bird sudden death syndrome31 l.jpg

Bird Sudden Death Syndrome

  • DeGray Lake, Arkansas; Eagles migrate to area in October and stay through March

  • Eagles eat fish, the American coot, and other prey items

  • Winter 1994-1995, 29 eagles were found dead or died of a neurological malady

  • Winter 1996-1997, pattern repeated itself, leaving 26 bald eagles dead

  • Die-off of eagles has been reported in North Carolina and Georgia

  • Coots have been reported to suffer similar symptoms and mortality outbreaks

  • Why? No one knows? Algal toxins?

  • Login