the principles of the united states constitution
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The Principles of the United States Constitution

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The Principles of the United States Constitution. I. Popular Sovereignty. The people hold the ultimate authority A representative democracy lets the people elect leaders to make decisions for them . II. Limited Government. Framers wanted to guard against tyranny

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Presentation Transcript
i popular sovereignty
I. Popular Sovereignty
  • The people hold the ultimate authority
  • A representative democracy lets the people elect leaders to make decisions for them.
ii limited government
II. Limited Government
  • Framers wanted to guard against tyranny
  • Government is limited to the power given them in the Constitution.
  • The Constitution tells how leaders who overstep their power can be removed
iii federalism
III. Federalism
  • The division of power between State and National Governments
  • Some powers are shared
  • The National Government has the “supreme power”
federal system of govt
Federal System of Govt.
  • National Govt.: Powers delegated to the National Govt. by the Constitution.
  • State Govt.: Powers NOT granted to the National Govt. or denied to the states.
  • Concurrent Powers: Powers held and exercised by both the national and the state governments.
iv separation of powers
IV. Separation of Powers
  • No one holds “too much” power
  • Legislative branch makes the laws
  • Executive branch carries out the laws
  • Legislative branch interprets the laws
legislative branch
Legislative Branch
  • Senate and House of Representatives
  • Make our laws
  • Appropriate Money
  • Regulate Immigration
  • Establish Post Offices and Roads
  • Regulate Interstate Commerce and Transportation
  • Declare War
executive branch
Executive Branch
  • The President of the United States
  • Chief Executive
  • Chief of State
  • Chief Legislator
  • Commander in Chief
judicial branch
Judicial Branch
  • Supreme Court and other Federal Courts
  • Preserve and protect the rights guaranteed by the Constitution
  • Considers cases involving national laws
  • Declares laws and acts “unconstitutional”
v checks and balances
V. Checks and Balances
  • Prevents the abuse of power in government
  • Each branch can check each other branch
executive checks
Executive Checks
  • Propose laws to Congress
  • Veto laws made by Congress
  • Negotiate foreign treaties
  • Appoint federal judges
  • Grant pardons to federal offenders
legislative checks
Legislative Checks
  • Override president’s veto
  • Ratify treaties
  • Confirm executive appointments
  • Impeach federal officers and judges
  • Create and dissolve lower federal courts
judicial checks
Judicial Checks
  • Declare executive acts unconstitutional
  • Declare laws unconstitutional
  • Declare acts of Congress unconstitutional
  • The Supreme Court holds the final check