Juerg staudenmann water governance advisor water cop meeting almaty 25 26 october 2007
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The UNDP Water Governance Strategy A follow-up to the H uman Development Report 2006 “ Beyond Scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis ”. Juerg Staudenmann Water Governance Advisor Water-CoP Meeting (Almaty – 25-26 October 2007). HDR 2006 Key Observations.

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Juerg staudenmann water governance advisor water cop meeting almaty 25 26 october 2007

The UNDP Water Governance StrategyA follow-up to the Human Development Report 2006 “Beyond Scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis”

Juerg Staudenmann

Water Governance Advisor

Water-CoP Meeting (Almaty – 25-26 October 2007)

United Nations Development Programme

Bratislava Regional Centre – Europe & CIS


Hdr 2006 key observations
HDR 2006 Key Observations

The “Global Water Crisis” means deprivation in access to water:

  • Water for life and for livelihoods:

    • poverty, weak legal rights and public policies limit access to the infrastructure that provide it

  • Even lower political commitment to sanitation and hygiene:

    • 2.6 billion people without access

    • 1.8 million child deaths/year

  • Large disparities: WSS deficits

    • much larger in rural areas compared to urban,

    • affect poor far worse than rich people


Link WSS – Human Development Successfully tackling the WSS crises could trigger next leap forward in human development


The global water crisis
The Global Water Crisis

  • The neglect is ethically indefensible and economically short-sighted:

    • water investments have benefit/cost ratio averaging 8:1

  • Added dimension: climate change

    • could widely undo development gains - intensified water insecurity and vulnerability of poor countries and people to climate variability and extremes

  • No sector has suffered a lack of global leadership more than water and sanitation –

    • need concerted global action to scale up access to sanitation & water for life and livelihoods


Water for sustainable human development
Water for Sustainable Human Development

  • Water & sanitation access linked to the other MDGs; many cannot be achieved if water fails

  • Water – poverty nexus:

    • Enhanced livelihood security

    • Reduced health risks

    • Reduced vulnerability

    • Pro-poor economic growth

  • Ultimate shared resource – who gets it and how it is used is a matter of water governance

  • Interdependence also transboundary – 90% of world population in countries with shared river basins

  • Competing demands for water means the poor will lose out on all fronts unless we change and improve water governance


Key hdr 2006 recommendations water for life
Key HDR 2006 recommendations: Water for Life

  • Make water a human right – legislatively

  • National strategies for water and sanitation

  • Increase international aid (+ USD 3-4 billion/year = ODA x2)

  • Global Action Plan

     HDR 2006 serves to re-focus international attention and catalyze concerted action


Key hdr 2006 recommendations water for livelihoods
Key HDR 2006 recommendations: Water for Livelihoods

  • Develop IWRM strategies (integrated into NDS & PRSPs)

  • Put gender rights to water at center of development

  • Strengthen water and land rights - Legal empowerment of the poor

  • Integrate climate change adaptation into NDS & PRSPs

  • Strengthen institutional capacity & financing at all levels – local, national, transboundary

     HDR serves to re-focus international attention and catalyze concerted action


Undp s mission roles and responsibilities
UNDP’s Mission, Roles, and Responsibilities

  • Sustainable Human Development and MDG agenda

  • Strengthen UN system-wide coordination and promote UN system-wide partnership strategies

  • Advocacy and advice, and concrete development services at national level

  • Four development focus areas:

    • Poverty reduction and the MDGs

    • Democratic Governance

    • Crisis Prevention and Recovery

    • Environment and sustainable development

       Water is cross-cutting with links to all !


Water Governance Cross-cutting linkages to UNDP Development Focus Areas


Water Governance Cross-cutting linkages to UNDP Development Focus Areas


Water Governance Cross-cutting linkages to UNDP Development Focus Areas


Water Governance Cross-cutting linkages to UNDP Development Focus Areas


Undp s strategic priorities for water globally
UNDP’s Strategic Priorities for Water (globally)

  • Assist in developing national strategies for equitable management and governance of water

    • Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM)

    • Access to water supply and sanitation (WSS)

  • Local action on water and sanitation

  • Cooperation on Transboundary Waters

  • Adaptation to climate change

  • Global and regional advocacy & collaboration on water governance

    Cross cutting:

  • Capacity development

  • Gender equality

  • Human rights based approach


Overarching approaches for coordination and programme support
Overarching Approaches for Coordination and Programme Support

Coordination:

  • “One UN” coordinated approach (Pilot countries, roll-out)

  • Mainstreaming IWRM & WSS in UNDAF* process

  • Regional UN Coordinators to raise profile of the water crisis with governments

  • Spain MDG Achievement fund support

  • UN Water – normative & coordination support

  • Set agenda with key agencies, IFIs, donor partners

  • Facilitate Global Action Plan

  • Global & regional advocacy on water governance (UNDP as lead UN agency)

    * UNDAF = national UN Development Assistant Framework


Overarching approaches for coordination and programme support cont
Overarching Approaches for Coordination and Programme Support (cont.)

Programme Support:

  • Support to mainstreaming IWRM, WSS in PRS(P)s, national dev. plans (e.g. UNDP CPs, PEI, PEF, MDG Support Services)

  • Water governance reform & IWRM strategies – local, nat’l, transboundary (incl. GEF IW, LD, Water Governance Facility)

  • Community-based action to scale up WSS, local WRM (incl. Small Grants Programme)

  • Adaptation (GEF, other sources?)

  • Capacity building (CapNet and others)

  • Mainstreaming human rights and gender

  • Conflict prevention

  • Spain MDG fund (UNCT projects)


The way forward
The Way Forward

  • Refine UNDP regional strategies and programmes to strengthen water interventions in support of MDG targets

  • Focus support on countries with largest water-MDG needs

  • Scale up implementation through existing partnerships and programmes, such as

    • Global Water Partnership,

    • CapNet,

    • Water Governance Facility,

    • SGP/Community Water Initiative/Shared Waters Partnership

    • UNDP-Coke Partnership “Every Drop Matters”


The way forward cont
The Way Forward (cont.)

  • Deepen UN agency and “allies” partnerships for collaborative, complementary action and division of labor, e.g.

    • UNECE: advise and support for implementation of regional conventions (Water Coinvention, Protocol on Water & Health)

    • UNEP: ecosystem sustainability, IWRM, poverty-environment links

    • UNICEF: water supply, sanitation, and hygiene campaign; policy, decentralization, service delivery links v

    • OECD: Economic & WSS Financing Feasibility Studies

    • Banks: infrastructure development – policy environment for access by the poor, national development strategy, PRS(P)s links


The way forward cont1
The Way Forward (cont.)

  • Parthership & Ressource Mobilization:

     UNDP is presently under-resourced for effective implementation of Water Governance Strategy and HDR follow-up

  • UN(DP)-internal advocacy & measures:

    • Enhance Global Water Governance Programme

    • Strengthen regional expertise, coordination and leadership capacity

    • Support, advise and coordinate ‘One-UN’ country level approaches

    • Secure dedicated long-term commitment


Situation in rbec
Situation in RBEC?

Countries PROJECTED in business-as-usual scenario NOT to achieve the water supply or sanitation MDGs (work in progress):


Undp bratislava regional centre taking the lead
UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre: taking the lead

  • “Regionalization” of Global WatGov Strategy

    • Continue Transboundary Waters portfolio

    • Take on board “Adaptation to climate change”

    • Promoting and supporting development of national strategies on Water Supply & Sanitation

      • Mainstreamed into National IWRM Planning

      • UN regional and UNCT-coordination approach

      • HRBA and “action focus on local level”

  • New regional Programme on HRBA & Water Governance

    • Based on Protocol on Water & Health, needs assessment (priority countries) and other regional frameworks and foundations

    • Aim at government support for national WSS strategies

    • Regional framework & national “model approach” for concrete projects at national an local level


Undp bratislava regional centre taking the lead cont
UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre: taking the lead (cont.)

  • Knowledge Management:WaterWiki (http://WaterWiki.undp.sk)

    • Maintain knowledge map and on-line collaboration tool as tool for the regional CoP

    • Amend & integrate new features (rating & vetting, who-is-who, better navigation, “my Wiki”, and much more…)

    • Test linkage with new (“web 2.0”) technologies: SKYPE, Facebook, blogs, ...

    • Strategic Partnerships and dynamic web-linking: UNECE River Basin Assessment 2, EC Guideline on Water, etc.


Undp bratislava regional centre taking the lead cont1
UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre: taking the lead (cont.)

  • Strategicpartnerships & resource mobilization

    • UNECE: Protocol on Water & Health (HRBA & WatGov)

    • EU Water Initiative (IWRM & WSS)

    • OECD: WSS infrastructure feasibility study

    • Cap-Net / GWP (capacity building, networking, stakeholder platforms)

    • UNDP’s Stockholm Water Governance Facility / SIWI (expertise & support)

    • (Potential) bilateral partners (Norway, Finland, Switzerland, ..)

    • OSCE/UNEP/REC/UNECE (ENVSEC)

    • UNESCO/UNICEF/…?

    • Local partners


Thank you

Thank you!

http://europeandcis.undp.org/environment

http://WaterWiki.undp.sk

United Nations Development Programme

Bratislava Regional Centre – Europe & CIS


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