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ZigBee. Wireless Communications EE 418/518 Chris Diamond Michael Gordon Priya Joshi Gideon Wamae. Presentation Outline. Gideon What ZigBee is What ZigBee does Chris How ZigBee works The hype cycle Priya Academic research Michael: Products Future. What is ZigBee?.

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zigbee

ZigBee

Wireless Communications

EE 418/518

Chris Diamond

Michael Gordon

Priya Joshi

Gideon Wamae

presentation outline
Presentation Outline
  • Gideon
    • What ZigBee is
    • What ZigBee does
  • Chris
    • How ZigBee works
    • The hype cycle
  • Priya
    • Academic research
  • Michael:
    • Products
    • Future
what is zigbee
What is ZigBee?
  • Technological Standard Created for Control and Sensor Networks
  • Based on the IEEE 802.15.4 Standard
  • Created by the ZigBee Alliance
ieee 802 15 4 zigbee in context
IEEE 802.15.4 & ZigBee In Context

Application

Customer

  • “the software”
  • Network, Security & Application layers
  • Brand management

IEEE 802.15.4

  • “the hardware”
  • Physical & Media Access Control layers

API

Security

32- / 64- / 128-bit encryption

ZigBee

Alliance

Network

Star / Mesh / Cluster-Tree

MAC

IEEE

802.15.4

PHY

868MHz / 915MHz / 2.4GHz

Stack

Silicon

App

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/resources/documents/IWAS_presentation_Mar04_Designing_with_802154_and_zigbee.ppt

the 802 wireless space
The 802 Wireless Space

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/en/resources/

zigbee and other wireless technologies
ZigBee and Other Wireless Technologies

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/en/about/faq.asp

zigbee aims low
ZigBee Aims Low
  • Low data rate
  • Low power consumption
  • Small packet devices
zigbee frequencies
ZigBee Frequencies
  • Operates in Unlicensed Bands
  • ISM 2.4 GHz Global Band at 250kbps
  • 868 MHz European Band at 20kbps
  • 915 MHz North American Band at 40kbps
what does zigbee do
What Does ZigBee Do?
  • Designed for wireless controls and sensors
  • Operates in Personal Area Networks (PAN’s) and device-to-device networks
  • Connectivity between small packet devices
  • Control of lights, switches, thermostats, appliances, etc.
lights and switches
Lights and Switches

Source: ZigBee Specification Document

how zigbee works
How ZigBee Works
  • Topology
    • Star
    • Cluster Tree
    • Mesh
  • Network coordinator, routers, end devices
how zigbee works1
How ZigBee Works
  • States of operation
    • Active
    • Sleep
  • Devices
    • Full Function Devices (FFD’s)
    • Reduced Function Devices (RFD’s)
  • Modes of operation
    • Beacon
    • Non-beacon
zigbee mesh networking
ZigBee Mesh Networking

Slide Courtesy of

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/en/resources/#SlidePresentations

zigbee mesh networking1
ZigBee Mesh Networking

Slide Courtesy of

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/en/resources/#SlidePresentations

zigbee mesh networking2
ZigBee Mesh Networking

Slide Courtesy of

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/en/resources/#SlidePresentations

zigbee mesh networking3
ZigBee Mesh Networking

Slide Courtesy of

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/en/resources/#SlidePresentations

zigbee mesh networking4
ZigBee Mesh Networking

Slide Courtesy of

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/en/resources/#SlidePresentations

zigbee and the hype cycle
ZigBee and the Hype Cycle

Source: http://computing.arizona.edu/networkmasterplan/tech_hpe_0703.pdf

zigbee and the hype cycle1
ZigBee and the Hype Cycle

Source: http://www.santafe.cc.fl.us/~faeds/presentations/2004%20Educational%20Tech%20Landscape.ppt#11

zigbee and the hype cycle2
ZigBee and the Hype Cycle

Source: http://danielneamu.rdscv.ro/cutenews/images/gartner_hype_cycle_4.jpg

research in zigbee
Research in ZigBee
  • Introduction
  • Research
  • Research Papers
introduction
Introduction
  • The IEEE 802.15.4 standard was completed in May 2003.
  • The ZigBee specifications were ratified on 14 December 2004.
  • The ZigBee Alliance announced public availability of Specification 1.0 on 13 June 2005.
  • Much research is still going on with ZigBee.
academic research
Academic Research

Research in ZigBee is being conducted in different fields:

  • Wireless and sensor networks
  • Wireless communications
  • Neuroengineering
research papers
Research Papers
  • Time Synchronization for ZigBee Networks
  • ZigBee: “Wireless Control That Simply Works”
  • Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
  • Development of Ubiquitous Sensor Network
  • Wireless Technologies for Data Acquisition Systems
zigbee and the market
ZigBee and the Market
  • The next big thing
  • Expected to hit the market full force in 2006
  • Companies have already invested millions
zigbee products
ZigBee Products
  • Development Kits
  • Sensors
  • Transceivers
  • Modules
current zigbee uses
Current ZigBee Uses
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Agricultural Monitoring
  • Home Automation Still on Horizon
product applications
Product Applications
  • Road map products-tracking
  • Consumer electronics
  • PC
  • Personal and healthcare
  • Commercial and residential control
zigbee s future
ZigBee’s Future

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/imwp/idms/popups/pop_download.asp?ContentID=7092

references
References
  • http://www.zigbee.org/en/about/faq.asp
  • http://www.zigbee.org/en/resources/#SlidePresentations
  • http://computing.arizona.edu/networkmasterplan/tech_hpe_0703.pdf
  • http://www.santafe.cc.fl.us/~faeds/presentations/2004%20Educational%20Tech%20Landscape.ppt#11
  • http://danielneamu.rdscv.ro/cutenews/images/gartner_hype_cycle_4.jpg
  • http://www.embedded.com/shared/printableArticle.jhtml?articleID=52600868  
  • http://www.technologyreview.com/articles/04/08/wo_brown081904.asp
  • http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-zigbee.htm?referrer=adwords_campaign=zigbee_ad=013761&_content_kw=what%20is%20zigbee
  • http://www.emba.uvm.edu/~jfrolik/papers/chris_prop.pdf
  • http://bmc.ub.uni-potsdam.de/1743-0003-2-6/1743-0003-2-6.pdf
  • http://www.oki.com/en/otr/200/downloads/otr-200-R08.pdf
  • http://www.ece.uah.edu/~milenka/docs/dc_ssst05_synch.pdf
  • http://www.merl.com/reports/docs/TR2005-029.pdf
  • http://www.zigbee.org/resources/documents/IWAS_presentation_Mar04_Designing_with_802154_and_zigbee.ppt
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ZigBee
  • http://www.zigbee.org/imwp/idms/popups/pop_download.asp?ContentID=7092
  • http://www.zigbee.org/en/spec_download/download_request.asp
competing technologies
Competing Technologies
  • Z-Wave mesh networks
  • Smarthomes Insteon
  • Proprietary mesh protocols
the zigbee name
The ZigBee Name
  • Named for erratic, zig-zagging patterns of bees between flowers
  • Symbolizes communication between nodes in a mesh network
  • Network components analogous to queen bee, drones, worker bees
zigbee product companies
ZigBee Product Companies
  • Helicomm
  • MaxStream
  • Luxoft Labs
  • Crossbow Technology
  • Innovative Wireless Technologies
zigbee network configuration
ZigBee Network Configuration

Source: http://www.embedded.com/shared/printableArticle.jhtml?articleID=52600868

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