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ZigBee. Wireless Communications EE 418/518 Chris Diamond Michael Gordon Priya Joshi Gideon Wamae. Presentation Outline. Gideon What ZigBee is What ZigBee does Chris How ZigBee works The hype cycle Priya Academic research Michael: Products Future. What is ZigBee?.

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ZigBee

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Zigbee

ZigBee

Wireless Communications

EE 418/518

Chris Diamond

Michael Gordon

Priya Joshi

Gideon Wamae


Presentation outline

Presentation Outline

  • Gideon

    • What ZigBee is

    • What ZigBee does

  • Chris

    • How ZigBee works

    • The hype cycle

  • Priya

    • Academic research

  • Michael:

    • Products

    • Future


What is zigbee

What is ZigBee?

  • Technological Standard Created for Control and Sensor Networks

  • Based on the IEEE 802.15.4 Standard

  • Created by the ZigBee Alliance


Ieee 802 15 4 zigbee in context

IEEE 802.15.4 & ZigBee In Context

Application

Customer

  • “the software”

  • Network, Security & Application layers

  • Brand management

    IEEE 802.15.4

  • “the hardware”

  • Physical & Media Access Control layers

API

Security

32- / 64- / 128-bit encryption

ZigBee

Alliance

Network

Star / Mesh / Cluster-Tree

MAC

IEEE

802.15.4

PHY

868MHz / 915MHz / 2.4GHz

Stack

Silicon

App

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/resources/documents/IWAS_presentation_Mar04_Designing_with_802154_and_zigbee.ppt


The 802 wireless space

The 802 Wireless Space

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/en/resources/


Zigbee and other wireless technologies

ZigBee and Other Wireless Technologies

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/en/about/faq.asp


Zigbee aims low

ZigBee Aims Low

  • Low data rate

  • Low power consumption

  • Small packet devices


Zigbee frequencies

ZigBee Frequencies

  • Operates in Unlicensed Bands

  • ISM 2.4 GHz Global Band at 250kbps

  • 868 MHz European Band at 20kbps

  • 915 MHz North American Band at 40kbps


What does zigbee do

What Does ZigBee Do?

  • Designed for wireless controls and sensors

  • Operates in Personal Area Networks (PAN’s) and device-to-device networks

  • Connectivity between small packet devices

  • Control of lights, switches, thermostats, appliances, etc.


Lights and switches

Lights and Switches

Source: ZigBee Specification Document


How zigbee works

How ZigBee Works

  • Topology

    • Star

    • Cluster Tree

    • Mesh

  • Network coordinator, routers, end devices


How zigbee works1

How ZigBee Works

  • States of operation

    • Active

    • Sleep

  • Devices

    • Full Function Devices (FFD’s)

    • Reduced Function Devices (RFD’s)

  • Modes of operation

    • Beacon

    • Non-beacon


Zigbee mesh networking

ZigBee Mesh Networking

Slide Courtesy of

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/en/resources/#SlidePresentations


Zigbee mesh networking1

ZigBee Mesh Networking

Slide Courtesy of

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/en/resources/#SlidePresentations


Zigbee mesh networking2

ZigBee Mesh Networking

Slide Courtesy of

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/en/resources/#SlidePresentations


Zigbee mesh networking3

ZigBee Mesh Networking

Slide Courtesy of

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/en/resources/#SlidePresentations


Zigbee mesh networking4

ZigBee Mesh Networking

Slide Courtesy of

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/en/resources/#SlidePresentations


Zigbee and the hype cycle

ZigBee and the Hype Cycle

Source: http://computing.arizona.edu/networkmasterplan/tech_hpe_0703.pdf


Zigbee and the hype cycle1

ZigBee and the Hype Cycle

Source: http://www.santafe.cc.fl.us/~faeds/presentations/2004%20Educational%20Tech%20Landscape.ppt#11


Zigbee and the hype cycle2

ZigBee and the Hype Cycle

Source: http://danielneamu.rdscv.ro/cutenews/images/gartner_hype_cycle_4.jpg


Research in zigbee

Research in ZigBee

  • Introduction

  • Research

  • Research Papers


Introduction

Introduction

  • The IEEE 802.15.4 standard was completed in May 2003.

  • The ZigBee specifications were ratified on 14 December 2004.

  • The ZigBee Alliance announced public availability of Specification 1.0 on 13 June 2005.

  • Much research is still going on with ZigBee.


Academic research

Academic Research

Research in ZigBee is being conducted in different fields:

  • Wireless and sensor networks

  • Wireless communications

  • Neuroengineering


Research papers

Research Papers

  • Time Synchronization for ZigBee Networks

  • ZigBee: “Wireless Control That Simply Works”

  • Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation

  • Development of Ubiquitous Sensor Network

  • Wireless Technologies for Data Acquisition Systems


Zigbee and the market

ZigBee and the Market

  • The next big thing

  • Expected to hit the market full force in 2006

  • Companies have already invested millions


Zigbee products

ZigBee Products

  • Development Kits

  • Sensors

  • Transceivers

  • Modules


Current zigbee uses

Current ZigBee Uses

  • Environmental Monitoring

  • Agricultural Monitoring

  • Home Automation Still on Horizon


Product applications

Product Applications

  • Road map products-tracking

  • Consumer electronics

  • PC

  • Personal and healthcare

  • Commercial and residential control


Zigbee s future

ZigBee’s Future

Source: http://www.zigbee.org/imwp/idms/popups/pop_download.asp?ContentID=7092


The end

TheEnd


References

References

  • http://www.zigbee.org/en/about/faq.asp

  • http://www.zigbee.org/en/resources/#SlidePresentations

  • http://computing.arizona.edu/networkmasterplan/tech_hpe_0703.pdf

  • http://www.santafe.cc.fl.us/~faeds/presentations/2004%20Educational%20Tech%20Landscape.ppt#11

  • http://danielneamu.rdscv.ro/cutenews/images/gartner_hype_cycle_4.jpg

  • http://www.embedded.com/shared/printableArticle.jhtml?articleID=52600868  

  • http://www.technologyreview.com/articles/04/08/wo_brown081904.asp

  • http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-zigbee.htm?referrer=adwords_campaign=zigbee_ad=013761&_content_kw=what%20is%20zigbee

  • http://www.emba.uvm.edu/~jfrolik/papers/chris_prop.pdf

  • http://bmc.ub.uni-potsdam.de/1743-0003-2-6/1743-0003-2-6.pdf

  • http://www.oki.com/en/otr/200/downloads/otr-200-R08.pdf

  • http://www.ece.uah.edu/~milenka/docs/dc_ssst05_synch.pdf

  • http://www.merl.com/reports/docs/TR2005-029.pdf

  • http://www.zigbee.org/resources/documents/IWAS_presentation_Mar04_Designing_with_802154_and_zigbee.ppt

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ZigBee

  • http://www.zigbee.org/imwp/idms/popups/pop_download.asp?ContentID=7092

  • http://www.zigbee.org/en/spec_download/download_request.asp


Competing technologies

Competing Technologies

  • Z-Wave mesh networks

  • Smarthomes Insteon

  • Proprietary mesh protocols


The zigbee name

The ZigBee Name

  • Named for erratic, zig-zagging patterns of bees between flowers

  • Symbolizes communication between nodes in a mesh network

  • Network components analogous to queen bee, drones, worker bees


Zigbee product companies

ZigBee Product Companies

  • Helicomm

  • MaxStream

  • Luxoft Labs

  • Crossbow Technology

  • Innovative Wireless Technologies


Zigbee network configuration

ZigBee Network Configuration

Source: http://www.embedded.com/shared/printableArticle.jhtml?articleID=52600868


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