Chapter 22 nationalism and imperialism 1840 1914
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Chapter 22: Nationalism and Imperialism (1840 - 1914). 22.5 – The Effect of Imperialism on Asia. India’s Importance to Britain Moghul Empire ruled most of India in 1500’s and 1600’s, but collapsed in 1707 India was divided into many weak, independent states

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Chapter 22: Nationalism and Imperialism (1840 - 1914)

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Chapter 22 nationalism and imperialism 1840 1914

Chapter 22: Nationalism and Imperialism(1840 - 1914)

22.5 – The Effect of Imperialism on Asia


Chapter 22 nationalism and imperialism 1840 1914

India’s Importance to Britain

  • Moghul Empire ruled most of India in 1500’s and 1600’s, but collapsed in 1707

    • India was divided into many weak, independent states

  • In 1858, the British government took over direct rule of India


Chapter 22 nationalism and imperialism 1840 1914

  • India important to Britain because its large population provided an important market for British goods

  • In the late 1800’s, Russia threatened India on its northwest boundaries

    • To protect India, Britain took over neighboring Afghanistan


Chapter 22 nationalism and imperialism 1840 1914

Southeast Asia’s Importance to Europe

  • In the late 1800’s, France took over much of SE Asia

  • France took control of Indochina

  • The British took over Burma to keep the French from expanding westward


Chapter 22 nationalism and imperialism 1840 1914

More Trade With China

  • For years Chinese rulers had allowed only limited trade with other countries

  • Europeans forced China to give them special trade rights


Chapter 22 nationalism and imperialism 1840 1914

  • After 1842, Great Britain, France, Germany, and Russia took over Chinese land and important sea ports

    • Divided it up into 4 different trading areas; Each European power controlled the trade in one of these areas

      • Called Sphere of Influence

        • An area in which only one foreign country can trade


Chapter 22 nationalism and imperialism 1840 1914

Japan in 1867

  • A revolution ended the rule of the shotgun

  • After 1867, Japan adopted western ideas in transportation and education

  • Became a military power

  • Wrote a constitution based on the German system Bismark had developed

  • Emperor Meiji made Japan into a modern and powerful nation


Chapter 22 nationalism and imperialism 1840 1914

Imperialistic Japan

  • From 1894 to 1895, Japan went to war with China

    • China lost and gave Japan some of its territory

  • In 1904, Japan went to war with Russia and won again


Chapter 22 nationalism and imperialism 1840 1914

  • In 1858, ___ took over direct rule of India.

  • In the late 1800’s Great Britain took over ___.

  • In the late 1800’s, ___ took over much of Southeast Asia.

  • ___ became a military power after its revolution in 1867.

  • Japan became a world power after it defeated China in 1895 and ___ in 1904.

    C.T.) China was once the most powerful and richest country in the world. But in the 1800’s, Europeans began to control its trade. Why?


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