The iron age and the celts
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The Iron Age and the Celts. 1 st Year History. Evidence:. Romans wrote about them Halstatt La Tene Christian writings Archaeological evidence. Houses:. Ring-forts ( raths and cashels ) Crannógs (well-off?). Hill-forts (Tara) and promontory forts (Dun Aengus). Ceremonial.

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The Iron Age and the Celts

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The iron age and the celts

The Iron Age and the Celts

1st Year History


Evidence

Evidence:

  • Romans wrote about them

  • Halstatt

  • La Tene

  • Christian writings

  • Archaeological evidence.


Houses

Houses:

  • Ring-forts (raths and cashels)

  • Crannógs (well-off?).

  • Hill-forts (Tara) and promontory forts (Dun Aengus). Ceremonial.

  • Houses built in same way as Bronze Age.

  • Souterrains (escape and cool food)


Family clan

Family (Clan):

  • Rí or Taoiseach ruled a Tuath and were appointed by the Derbfine. Fosterage in use.

  • The Nobles were made up of the warriors and the Aosdána.

  • Aosdána were Brehons, Filí, Druids and craftsmen.

  • Farmers

  • Commoners or Slaves (captured from other tribes)


The iron age and the celts

Food:

  • Mainly cattle but also sheep and pigs. Dairy products. Wheat (bread), oats (porridge) and barley (ale). Rotary quern. Spit and fulachta fiadh still used and also stone ovens.

  • Feasting important. Poems, stories, music, ficheall (chess) baire (hurling). Hero’s portion.


Celts way of life

Celts way of life

  • Clothes: wool spun and woven. Mantle.

  • Tools and weapons: iron smelting. Bronze and gold still use for ornaments.

  • Arts and crafts: Lá Tene (Switzerland), Ogham stones.

  • Burial customs and Religion: Lug, Bridget. Cremated and ashes put in pits or put in cist graves with a mound of stones (cairn) on top. Grave-goods included.


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