the iron age and the celts
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The Iron Age and the Celts. 1 st Year History. Evidence:. Romans wrote about them Halstatt La Tene Christian writings Archaeological evidence. Houses:. Ring-forts ( raths and cashels ) Crannógs (well-off?). Hill-forts (Tara) and promontory forts (Dun Aengus). Ceremonial.

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Presentation Transcript
evidence
Evidence:
  • Romans wrote about them
  • Halstatt
  • La Tene
  • Christian writings
  • Archaeological evidence.
houses
Houses:
  • Ring-forts (raths and cashels)
  • Crannógs (well-off?).
  • Hill-forts (Tara) and promontory forts (Dun Aengus). Ceremonial.
  • Houses built in same way as Bronze Age.
  • Souterrains (escape and cool food)
family clan
Family (Clan):
  • Rí or Taoiseach ruled a Tuath and were appointed by the Derbfine. Fosterage in use.
  • The Nobles were made up of the warriors and the Aosdána.
  • Aosdána were Brehons, Filí, Druids and craftsmen.
  • Farmers
  • Commoners or Slaves (captured from other tribes)
slide5
Food:
  • Mainly cattle but also sheep and pigs. Dairy products. Wheat (bread), oats (porridge) and barley (ale). Rotary quern. Spit and fulachta fiadh still used and also stone ovens.
  • Feasting important. Poems, stories, music, ficheall (chess) baire (hurling). Hero’s portion.
celts way of life
Celts way of life
  • Clothes: wool spun and woven. Mantle.
  • Tools and weapons: iron smelting. Bronze and gold still use for ornaments.
  • Arts and crafts: Lá Tene (Switzerland), Ogham stones.
  • Burial customs and Religion: Lug, Bridget. Cremated and ashes put in pits or put in cist graves with a mound of stones (cairn) on top. Grave-goods included.
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