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Romantic Time Period. 1825-1900 The Age of expression. General Characteristics. Revolutions-Political, Industrial, Social Scientific Advances Nationalism Nature. Characteristics of Romantic Art and Literature. Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog, by Casper David Friedrich, 1818.

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Romantic time period

Romantic Time Period

1825-1900

The Age of expression


General characteristics
General Characteristics

  • Revolutions-Political, Industrial, Social

  • Scientific Advances

  • Nationalism

  • Nature


Characteristics of romantic art and literature
Characteristics of Romantic Art and Literature

Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog, by Casper David Friedrich, 1818

  • Emphasis on Nature and Love

  • Aesthetic experience

    -pleasing to the senses

  • Intellectual

  • Reaction against the age of

    The enlightenment


Differences
Differences?

Classical Art (Bottom)

Painting by: David Jacques-LoisThe Lictors Returning to Brutus the Bodies of his Sons

Romantic Art (Top)

Eldena Ruin by Casper David Friedrich1825


Authors of the romantic period
Authors of the Romantic Period

  • Charles Dickens-England

    • famous work “A Christmas carol”

  • Edger Allan Poe-America

    • Famous poem “the raven”

  • William Wordsworth-England

    • Poem “Tintern Abbey”


Musical characteristics
Musical Characteristics

  • Longer phrases

  • Chromaticism

  • Longer Symphonies

  • Extended chord tones (adding notes)



Ideals of classical music vs romantic music
Ideals of Classical Music vs. Romantic Music

Beethoven led the way to the Romantic time period.

You can hear major differences between his 5th symphony and his 9th symphony


Art song
Art Song

  • Solo voice and Piano

  • Often short

  • High artistic and literary quality

  • Ends with a postlude (played by the piano)


Turn my piano to the side
Turn my piano to the side!

  • Jan LadislavDussek

  • Wanted his admirers to be able to see his profile.



Johannes brahms
Johannes Brahms

  • May 7, 1833- April 3, 1897

  • Born in Hamburg, Germany

  • Moved to Vienna, Austria

  • composer and pianist

  • Was considered the successor of Beethoven

  • Composed over 215 works


Pyotr ilyich tchaikovsky
PyotrIlyich Tchaikovsky

  • May 7, 1840- November 6, 1893

  • Born in Russia

  • Studied music against parents will

  • Mentally unstable

  • Composed hundreds of pieces

  • Died from E coli

  • Famous compositions include

    • The Nutcracker

    • 1812 Overture

    • Swan Lake

    • Sleeping Beauty


Richard wagner
Richard Wagner

  • May 22 1813-February 13, 1883

  • Born in Germany

  • Known for complex texture, rich harmonies and large orchestration

  • Adolf Hitler admired his music

  • Famous compositions include

    • Ride of the Valkyries

    • Wedding March


Franz peter schubert
Franz Peter Schubert

  • January 31 1797- November 19, 1828

  • Austrian composer

  • Over 600 compositions

  • Wrote piano music for 4 hands

  • Famous compositions include

    • Marche Militaire D 733 No. 1



Symphonies
Symphonies

  • Brahms

    • 4

  • Tchaikovsky

    • 6

  • Schubert

    • 9


Program music
Program Music

  • A type of art music

  • Often times included a narration in the concert program that painted a picture or a scene.

  • Counteracted absolute music.



Rubato
Rubato

  • Stolen Time

  • Slowing down to add tension

  • Didn’t keep a steady beat

  • Chopin mastered this technique


Nationalism
Nationalism

  • Patriotic Music

  • Composers have pride in their country and put folk songs into their compositions

  • Ex: Mussorgsky-Pictures at an exhibition


The mighty 5 russian nationalist composers
The “Mighty 5” Russian nationalist composers

  • Mily Balakirev

  • Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov

  • Modest Mussorgsky

  • Alecksandr Borodin

  • Cesar Cui


Romantic instruments
Romantic Instruments

  • Woodwind

    • Saxophone

  • Brass

    • Tuba

    • French horn

  • Keyboard

    • Xylophone


Listening example 1
Listening example 1

  • Composer: Richard Wagner

  • Title: “Ride Of The Valkyries”

  • Date: 1854

  • Texture: Homophonic

  • Form: Opera

  • Additional Information: Instrumental version as well.


Listening example 2
Listening example 2

  • Composer: Tchaikovsky

  • Title: Nutcracker Suite “Trepak”

  • Date: 1892

  • Texture: Homophonic

  • Form: Ballet

  • Additional information: Set of dances


Listening example 3
Listening Example 3

  • Composer: Mussorgsky

  • Title:” Night on bald mountain”

  • Date: 1867

  • Texture: Homophonic

  • Form: Tone Poem

  • Additional Information: The actual real title is “A Night On Bare Mountain” Meaning a mountain without trees.



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