Towards a smarter grid a control perspective
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Towards a Smarter Grid: A Control Perspective. Professor, PhD, Jakob Stoustrup Department of Electronic Systems, Automation & Control es.aau.dk/staff/jakob Aalborg, Oct. 4, 2012. Why we need smart grid control…. Why we need new ctrl. architectures…. Why we need short term control….

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Towards a Smarter Grid: A Control Perspective

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Towards a smarter grid a control perspective

Towards a Smarter Grid: A Control Perspective

Professor, PhD, Jakob Stoustrup

Department of Electronic Systems,

Automation & Control

es.aau.dk/staff/jakob

Aalborg, Oct. 4, 2012


Why we need smart grid control

Why we need smart grid control…


Why we need new ctrl architectures

Why we need new ctrl. architectures…


Why we need short term control

Why we need short term control…


Virtual power plants

Virtual Power Plants


Hierarchical control of distributed energy resources

Hierarchical control of distributed energy resources


Ctrl of distributed energy resources

Ctrl of distributed energy resources


Imbalance mitigation by der ctrl

Imbalance mitigation by DER ctrl


Examples of smart grid projects @ dept electronic systems automation control

Examples of Smart Grid Projects@ Dept. Electronic Systems, Automation & Control

  • EDGE

  • SmartC2Net

  • IVIP

  • iPower

  • Smart & Cool

  • Market Integration of Virtual Power Plants


Edge system reserves

EDGE: System Reserves


Towards a smarter grid a control perspective

EDGE


Smartc 2 net

SmartC2Net

  • Enable robust smart grid control utilizing heterogeneous third-party communication infrastructures

    Challenges

  • Variable communication network performance

    • caused by variable traffic load and accidental faults

    • affecting quality of input data and timeliness of control actions

  • Security threats

    • due to additional network interfaces and

    • the use of off-the-shelf communication technology


Smartc 2 net consortium

SmartC2Net Consortium

8 partners from 6 European countries (AT, DK, GE, IT, PT, NL)

+ Expert Advisory Board (5 DSOs)


Towards a smarter grid a control perspective

IFIV: Remote control of heat pumps for smart grid purposes

  • Purpose: to moveconsumptionaccording to wind power production.

  • Elspotprices and wind power productioncorrelates.

  • Balance Responsible Party (BRP) optimizeElspotpurchasebased on

  • Elspotpriceestimates

  • Weatherforecast

  • House parameters

The BRP controls the individual heat pumps.

For eachhour an amount of energy is bought in advance.

Each house is controlled by the VPP in orderkeep the house temperature within a predefined band using the boughtenergy.

The VPP calculates the possibleregulating power eachhour.


Towards a smarter grid a control perspective

Results

Tested on 6 inhabited single family houses.

Results for one house 18-19 April 2012 is shown.

Spot plan power is the purchasedenergy for the house.

Active plan power is the real time control signal to the house.

Heat pump power is measured power from the heat pump.

It is seenthat the active plan is approximately the same as the spot plan power.

The room temperature is within the comfortbounds.

A lowthresholdvalue on the heatedwater tank temperature forces additional heat pump starts.


Participants opening

Participants(opening)

Total 35 Partners ( 32 Legal entities)

22 Industrial companies

  • 9SMV’s : (Develco Products, ENFOR Greentech Solutions, QEES, Greenwave Reality, Zense Technology, Nilan, Saseco)

  • 6 following companies : ( Electronic Housekeeper, Gridmanager, KPMG, Lodam Electronics, NeoGrid Technologies, Vestfrost Solutions)

  • 8 Large companies : DONG, Danfoss, Grundfos, Vestas, IBM, NEAS (Nordjysk Elhandel), COWI, Balslev

    10 Universities and Recognized institutes

  • 4 Danish : AAU ( Allborg University), DTI (Teknologisk Institut), DSKD (Kolding Designskole), DTU (Risoe, CET, IMM, MAN)

  • 5 International : (Lund, Dublin, Illinois, Berkley, National Consumer Research Center -Finland)

  • 1 Organization : DE (Dansk Energi - DEFU)


Project packages overview

Project Packages overview

Platform ManagementAnders Troi

WP 0

  • Basic research

  • Business research

  • IPR driven research

  • Test and demonstration

  • Networks

  • Business models

Jacob Østergaard

Frank Elefsen

Domestic Demand Response

WP 1

Industrial Demand Response

WP 2

Distribution Grid Operation

WP 3

Control and Market Operation

WP 4

Socio-economic and Investor Evaluation

WP 5

Consumer Behaviour

WP 6

Information Sharing Platform

WP 7


Smart cool adaptive balancing of consumption in supermarkets

Smart & Cool: Adaptive balancing of consumption in supermarkets

The overall goal of the project is to allow an increase in penetration of wind energy in the power grid. This will be realized by the optimal distribution of consumption in refrigeration systems and electricity production.

  • Participants:

  • DONG Energy

  • Danfoss

  • DTUIMM

  • AAU, ES, Automation & Control

  • KVCA

  • Size:

  • 4 PhD students


Towards a smarter grid a control perspective

flexibility in energy consumption (cool) - at AAU

flexibility in consumption and production (cool-smart) - at DTU

flexibility in energy production and consumption (smart-cool) - at AAU

flexibility in energy production (smart) - at AAU

4 PhD students


Market integration of virtual power plants

Market Integration of Virtual Power Plants

  • Industrial PhD student: Mette Kirschmeyer Petersen

  • Partners: DONG Energy, Aalborg University

Challenge: how to aggregate distributed energy resour-ces optimally


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