Gap writing grammar
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GAP Writing/Grammar. Shinsuke Tsuchiya. Perfect tense. Shinsuke Tsuchiya. Verb/conjugation review. http://www.englishpage.com/index.html. Perfect tense overview. Past Perfect : an action that happened before another event in the past.

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Gap writing grammar

GAP Writing/Grammar

Shinsuke Tsuchiya


Perfect tense

Perfect tense

Shinsuke Tsuchiya


Verb conjugation review

Verb/conjugation review

http://www.englishpage.com/index.html


Perfect tense overview

Perfect tense overview

  • Past Perfect: an action that happened before another event in the past.

    I had listened to that song three times before I understood it.

  • Present Perfect:

    • Experience: an action that has happened one or more times in the past at an indefinite time/indefinite times.

      I have listened to music.

    • Habit: an action or situation that began at a point in time in the past and has continued or repeated until the present.

      I have listened to music since age three.

  • Future Perfect: action will occur before another action in the future or action will happen before a specific time or something will continue until another action

    I will have listened to music for one hour by 10 p.m.


Present perfect

Present Perfect

  • Present Perfect:

    Form: [has/have + past participle]

    • Experience: an action that has happened one or more times in the past at an indefiiate time/indefinite times.

      I have listened to Japanese music.

      Have you listened to Japanese music?

    • Habit: an action or situation that began at a point in time in the past and has continued or repeated until the present.

      I have listened to music since 10 o’clock.


Present perfect practice 1

Present Perfect Practice 1.

Complete the following sentences:

People ____ ______ ________ to Mars.

____ you _____ the book yet?

Nobody ___ ever _________ that mountain.

A: ___ there ever _______ a war in the United States?B: Yes, there ____ _______ a war in the United States.


Present perfect cont

Present Perfect (Cont.)

Examples:

I have seen that movie twenty times.

I think I have met him once before.

There have been many earthquakes in California.

People have traveled to the Moon.


Present perfect practice 2

Present Perfect Practice 2.

1. I (saw/have seen) him when I was a child.

2. I (didn’t see/haven’t seen) him yet.

3. I (see/have seen) him before.

4. I (saw/have seen) him before I came to Provo.

5. I (saw/have seen) my friend since I was three.


Past perfect

Past Perfect

  • Past Perfect:

    Form: [had + past participle]

    Def: an action that happened before another event in the past.

    Example:

    I had listened to that song three times before I understood it.


Past perfect cont

Past Perfect (Cont.)

Def: an action that happened before another event in the past.

Examples:

  • I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai.

  • I did not have any money because I had lost my wallet.

  • Tony knew Istanbul so well because he had visited the city several times.

  • Had Susan ever studied Thai before she moved to Thailand?


Past perfect practice

Past Perfect Practice

  • Finish the sentences (use past perfect)

  • She only understood the movie because she ___ _____ the book.

  • Kristine ____ never ______ to an opera before last night.

  • We were not able to get a hotel room because we ___ ___ _______ in advance.

  • A: ___ you ever ______the U.S. before your trip in 2006?B: Yes, I ___ ____to the U.S. once before.


Future perfect

Future Perfect

  • Future Perfect:

    Form: [will have + past participle]

    Def: action will occur before another action in the future or action will happen before a specific time or something will continue until another action

    I will have listened to music for one hour by 10 p.m.


Future perfect cont

Future Perfect (Cont.)

Notice in the examples below that the reference points (marked in italics) are in Simple Present rather than Simple Future. This is because the interruptions are in time clauses, and you cannot use future tenses in time clauses.

No Future in Time Clauses

Like all future forms, the Simple Future cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc. Instead of Simple Future, Simple Present is used.

Examples:

  • By next November, I will have received my promotion.

  • By the time he gets home, she will have cleaned the entire house.

  • I will not have finished this test by 3 o'clock.


Future perfect practice

Future Perfect Practice

Complete the following sentences:

  • By the time I finish this course, I ____ _______ _______ ten tests.

  • How many countries ____ you _____ ________ by the time you turn 50?


Verb conjugation review1

Verb/conjugation review


Exercise 3 answer keys 1

Exercise 3 Answer keys1.

TS. The accomplishment I am happiest about is overcoming my shyness at school.

2. I decided to join a club on campus.

3.At the first club meeting, I talked to several people.

4.I made two friends in the club.

5.Those two friends introduced me to their friends.

6.Now I know lots of people, and I don’t feel shy any more.


Exercise 3 answer keys 2

Exercise 3 Answer keys2.

TS. In order to stay within my budget, I followed a series of steps.

2. I set aside money for housing, food, and transportation.

3.The remainder was “fun money” that I could spend on gifts.

4.I kept a record of my “fun expenses.”

5.I reached my limit for “fun expenses.”

6.I stopped spending.


Exercise 3 answer keys 3

Exercise 3 Answer keys3.

TS. Last week I learned how to find a book in my college library.

2. I found the library website.

3.I located the catalog on the website.

4.I selected “Title.”

5.I typed in the name of the book I was looking for.

6.The computer told me that the book was on the shelf.

7. I wrote down the call number.

8.I went into the stacks to get the books.


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