The Public/Private Debate in Education. Tim Hill Director of Studies, CEAS Director of Academic Development, Graduate School of Education. The English School System. Private (Independent) Sector Owned, funded and largely regulated privately by not-for-profit or for-profit organisations.
Director of Studies, CEAS
Director of Academic Development, Graduate School of Education
Private (Independent) Sector
Does anyone know the names of any famous English Public Schools?
The state became involved in providing education in the second half of the 19th century – initially elementary schooling, then secondary in the 20th century.
The broad range of fees at independent schools in 2005-2006 is as follows:
(5-7) NT$150,000 – 300,000 (Day)
(8 – 13) NT$240,000 – 600,000 (Day ) NT$600,000 – 900,000 (Boarding)
Secondary schools (11/13-18)
NT$400,000 – 1,000,000 (Day)
NT$1,000,000 – 1,500,000 (Boarding)
So, why are parents willing to pay so much for their child’s education when they could get it free?
Owned and regulated by local government – the Local Authority (LA)
Formerly LA schools but now owned and operated by the governing body or a charitable foundation.
Owned and regulated by a charitable foundation – mostly churches.
Owned by a charitable foundation, virtually all churches, but the LA regulates them and employs the staff.
City Technology Colleges
Independent all-ability, non fee-paying schools for pupils aged 11-18 funded directly by central government. Initial funding partly from private sponsors. Only 14 schools.
One in Bristol
Independent all-ability, non fee-paying schools for pupils aged 11-18 funded directly by central government but each is owned by a charitable company.
Established by sponsors from business, faith or voluntary groups working with the community.
They were originally set up as a way of bringing high-quality schools with heavy investment in facilities and technology to disadvantaged areas to replace failing schools.
Labour government has target of 200 by 2010. 27 open; 69 in development.
2 under development in Bristol.
Types of school
City Technology Colleges
Contracting-Out of Service Provision
Where schools or government buy services from external private sector providers rather than provide those services themselves.
The Rise of EMOs
Educational Management Organisations
For-profit and non-profit management companies engaged in providing services and “strategic partnerships” to public bodies providing education.
Vosper-Thorneycroft and Surrey County Council have formed a joint company to offer services to schools including: facilities management; human resource management; health & safety; curriculum.
10 under-performing Local Authorities have private sector partners delivering some or all or their services under contract:
Bradford (Serco), Hackney (Nord Anglia),
Haringey (Capita), Islington (CEA), Leeds (Capita), Sandwell (Nord Anglia), Southwark (WS Atkins), Swindon (Tribal), Walsall (SercoCAA),
Waltham Forest (Nord Anglia/Amey).
According to the Department for Education and Skills:
PFI is a means of delivering better and more cost-effective public services by bringing the private sector more directly into the provision of the assets the public sector needs.
PFI is about more than just financing and accounting — it aims to exploit the full range of private sector management, commercial and creative skills.
Schools PFI projects involve LEAs buying asset-based services from the private sector such as school buildings, facilities such as sports halls or specific services including heating systems, ICT or catering equipment.
Usually the PFI contractor owns and operates the buildings/facilities/equipment, and would be able to generate income from commercial use outside school hours.
“Schools built by profit-making firms under a flagship public-private scheme are "significantly worse" in terms of space, heating, lighting and acoustics than new traditionally funded primaries and secondaries, a watchdog warned today.
The Audit Commission concluded that the early years of the Private Finance Initiative did not produce schools that were better designed and better value for money than ones built by councils that raised the money themselves.”
Voluntary Controlled Schools second half of the 19th century – initially elementary schooling, then secondary in the 20th century.
The Public-Private Continuum
Public Finance Initiatives
Voluntary Aided Schools
Academies & CTCs
The End second half of the 19th century – initially elementary schooling, then secondary in the 20th century.