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Madumo. Urban migration and employment Kinship and Elders Witchcraft: Why is it increasing? How is it a modern phenomenon? Christianity as an African religion: The Localization of a Global Religion. Control of Black Urban Migration. Pass laws Townships Effects:

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Madumo

Madumo

Urban migration and employment

Kinship and Elders

Witchcraft: Why is it increasing? How is it a modern phenomenon?

Christianity as an African religion: The Localization of a Global Religion


Control of black urban migration
Control of Black Urban Migration

  • Pass laws

  • Townships

    Effects:

  • Residential segregation by race

  • Urban dwellers overwhelmingly male and young (especially in the beginning)

  • Strong social ties between rural and urban areas

    • Why does Madumo need his rural kin?

    • How do they need him?


The informal economy
The Informal Economy

Madumo is 33 years old, has worked 3 months; how does he survive?

For women: shebeens (MaDudu), buying and plucking of chickens (MaMfete), making doilies (Madumo’s mother)

For men: security (watchmen), selling firecrackers on the street, selling drugs to prisoners, selling counterfeit money, selling used clothes

And of course: healing. And mooching off friends and family.


Soweto as multilinguistic multiethnic
Soweto as multilinguistic, multiethnic

  • Madumo’s ethnicity?

  • What languages does he speak?

  • His friend Mpho is?

  • Mr. Zondi’s ethnicity?

  • MaMfete’s ethnicity?

  • Lingua franca of Soweto is?

  • Translators common: ZCC, p. 171; Mogomotse’s funeral, p. 190

  • The innovation caused by the interaction makes healers’ lives difficult: p. 188


Madumo s family
Madumo’s family

  • Patrilineal? Matrilineal? Bilateral?

  • Patrilocal? Matrilocal? Neolocal?

  • Brideprice? Dowry? Bride service?


Ancestors as deceased elders elders as still living ancestors
Ancestors as (Deceased) Elders,Elders as Still-Living Ancestors

  • The spiritual protection of Madumo’s mother, protecting them from father’s family

  • The authority of “the granny” p. 210

  • Yet ambiguous: p. 83, p. 215

  • Significance of graves as place to communicate with the ancestors, p. 237



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