HARRAPAN SOCIETY. EGYPTIAN SOCIETY. EGYPTIAN HISTORY. AFRICAN SOCIETIES. POTPOURRI. 1pt. 1 pt. 1 pt. 1pt. 1 pt. 2 pt. 2 pt. 2pt. 2pt. 2 pt. 3 pt. 3 pt. 3 pt. 3 pt. 3 pt. 4 pt. 4 pt. 4pt. 4 pt. 4pt. 5pt. 5 pt. 5 pt. 5 pt. 5 pt.
Mountain range dividing Indian subcontinent from rest of Asia.
What is the Himalayas?
These people conquered the Harrapan; they were nomadic chariot using Indo Europeans.
Who were the Aryan?
These are three characteristics of Harrapan cities.
What were laid out on grid system, levees / walls, no windows on 1st floor, rebuilt over destroyed versions / sewer system?
These are four examples of Harrapan technology.
What are written language, metallurgy (bronze), cotton production, stone seals, domestication of animals, the sail?
These are the four varnas (castes) of Vedic India.
What are (1) brahmins (priests), (2) Kshatriya (kings / warriors), (3) Vaishya (merchants & craftsmen), & (4) shudra (laborers & farmers)?
This is the title of the Egyptian state, considered a living god.
Who was a pharaoh?
Upper Egypt is this direction on a map; the Nile River flows in this direction, on a map.
What is south & north?
These are three examples of Egyptian technology discussed in class.
What are hieroglyphics, calendar, mathematics, & / or medicine?
These are three examples of how women were equal to men in Ancient Egypt.
What were they could own / trade property, propose marriage / divorce, & could rule as pharaoh?
These are our examples of Egyptian gods and goddesses.
Who were Ra, Osiris, Isis, Horus, Set, Anubis, & Amon?
This was the period of Egyptian history where the pyramids were built.
What was the Old Kingdom?
This was the name of the legendary king who established the Egyptian state.
Who was Narmer?
These were three cultures that invaded Egypt over the course of its history.
Who were the Hyksos, Libyans, Nubians / Kush, Sea Peoples, Assyrians, Persians, Greeks, Romans?
During this period of Egyptian history, the state fragmented when local governors took over, saying the pharaoh had lost the support of the gods.
What was the First Intermediate Period?
The battle of Kadesh occurred during this period of Egyptian history.
What was the New Kingdom?
This was the location that rapidly turned to desert, forcing its neolithic occupants to move South and East.
What was the Sahara?
This was the name of the two states that occupied the geographic area between the first and fifth cataracts
What was Nubia & Kush?
This was the language group of the people who migrated from western to southern & central Africa; they established this state in southern Africa around the 13th C. AD.
What is Bantu; Great Zimbabwe?
These are three of the products the West African towns traded their gold for, with the Carthaginians.
What were salt, iron weapons, manufactured goods?
These are the three reasons why complex civilization did not arise in Southern Africa.
What is persistence of hunter gatherer bands, persistence of subsistence farming, and geographic considerations?
These represent the natural barrier to the expansion of Ancient Egypt southward.
What were cataracts?
This was the river valley around which the Harrapan civilization grew.
What was the Indus?
This was the name of Alexander the Great’s general who took over Egypt after Alexander’s death in India in 323 BC.
Who was Ptolemy?
The Hebrews were ejected from Egypt during this historical period of Egyptian history.
What was the New Kingdom?
These are the two theories of the fall of the Harrapan civilization, & an explanation as to why Indian Nationalists favor one of the explanations.
What are Aryan invasion and geological event causing shift in river system; what is prefer geological event b/c they didn’t like white Aryans conquering them in past?