Warm Up. Figure out each Rebus puzzle below. Based on the clues in each box, come up with a name, work or phrase for that box. Example: = Head over Heels. Warm Up Answers. History repeats itself You’re under arrest Update Point blank range Walk in the park.
Definitions, examples and practice
Practice 1: Word Rhymes: Here are three very short four-line rhymes that contain similes and metaphors. Read each, and then answer the questions that follow.
The breeze is a messenger,
As sweet as roses in bloom,
That fills all the corners
Of my lonely room.
The sky is a blanket
Bejeweled with diamonds so bright
That twinkle and sparkle
Like fireflies at night.
The street is a river
On which traffic can flow
Where cars scurry like fish
And swish to and fro.
1. In the first rhyme, the author uses a simile to compare a
a. fish to the scent of a rose.
b. breeze to the sweet smell of roses.
c. messenger to a lonely room.
d. lonely room to a windstorm.
2. Which of these is NOT a metaphor?
a. The breeze is a messenger.
b. The sky is a blanket.
c. like fireflies at night
d. he street is a river.
3. How does the author use a simile in the last rhyme?
a. to compare the street to a river
b. to compare cars to fish
c. to compare stars to fireflies
d. to compare roses to traffic
A symbol is something that represents something else, either by association or by resemblance. It can be a material object or a written sign used to represent something invisible.Language itself is a system of spoken or written symbols by which we communicate. Every word is a symbol; the five letters that form the word 'chair' represent a sound as well as a physical object. In writing, symbolism is the use of a word, a phrase, or a description, which represents a deeper meaning than the words themselves. This kind of extension of meaning can transform the written word into a very powerful instrument. On the following pagse we'll first describe some common types of symbols that illustrate how symbols can be used, and then we'll show you how symbolism is used in writing with some familiar examples.
Religious SymbolismReligious symbolism is the use of text, images, procedures, or actual physical objects to represent an idea or belief. The most common example is the use of objects to symbolize the faith itself, as in the use of a cross to represent Christianity, or the Star of David to represent Judaism.
There are many more symbols used in religion. For example, in Christianity the sacraments (holy communion, baptism, ordination and marriage) are symbols of spiritual change in the participants. In communion, the bread and wine are symbolic of the body and shed blood of Jesus, which are themselves also symbolic of the salvation of the recipient.
Other Christian symbols include the dove (symbolic of the Holy Spirit), and the sacrificial lamb (symbolic of Christ's sacrifice).
Political SymbolismPolitical symbolism is often used to represent a political standpoint. It can take the form of banners, acronyms, pictures, flags, mottos, and many other things.For example, the Canadian flag contains a maple leaf, which has long been a symbol of things Canadian. The two bars represent both the Pacific and Atlantic oceans which bound the country on either side, and the two founding cultures, English and French. The mid-20th century German Nazi Party made extensive use of graphic symbols. These included the swastika, the eagle, the iron cross, and the dual lightning bolts (the symbol of the SS) pictured at the left. It should be obvious from these two examples that symbols can also evoke strong emotions, be they feelings of patriotism, as in the case of a flag, or anger, hatred and fear in the case of Nazi symbolism.
Colour SymbolismSimple colours can also be symbolic, depending on your location, or the context in which they are used. Red, white and blue are symbolic of all things American. Green has come to represent anything which is environmentally friendly. Colours can represent different things depending on where you live. For example, in Asian countries, red symbolizes happiness, marriage, and prosperity; in some countries the colour of mourning is white.
Architectural SymbolismThe design of some buildings is meant to be symbolic. The building in the picture at the right is the Canadian War Museum. The front of the building represents the bow of ship, symbolizing our navies and the role they played in wartime. The windows on the this roof are also symbolism, albeit in a more subtle form; they spell out, in Morse Code, the English and French phrases "Lest we forget" and "N'oublionsjamais".
Advertising SymbolismJust as in any media, symbolism is used extensively in advertising. A good example, with which you are certainly familiar, is the use of actors dressed in white lab coats who are discussing the merits of a product in a laboratory setting. These symbols of the medical profession are meant to imply that the product has been approved by and has the support of doctors or medical scientists.
Mathematical SymbolismSymbols used in mathematics can represent numbers, operations, sets, or many other things. This is perhaps the simplest kind of symbolism. Some common mathematical symbols include + for the operation of addition, or pi for the transcendental number 3.14159... , and a host of others.
Let's look at some actual examples of symbolism used in literature and other media, with which you might be familiar. In Citizen Kane, a child's sled symbolizes the lost innocence of childhood ... although you don't realize this until the end of the movie.
Introducing the Story
Literary Focus: Symbols
Reading Skills: Making Inferences from Details
I thought myself pretty smart at many things . . .
In “The Scarlet Ibis” the narrator tells of his experience growing up with his physically disabled brother, Doodle, on a farm in the South.
I did not know then that pride is a wonderful, terrible thing, a seed that bears two vines, life and death.
—from “The Scarlet Ibis” by James Hurst
[End of Section]
A symbol is an object, event, person, or animal that stands for something more than itself.
In literature, symbols add deeper levels of meaning to a work.
Symbols speak to the reader’s emotions and imagination. They make stories memorable.
In “The Scarlet Ibis,” you’ll notice similarities and links between one character and a bird.
[End of Section]
As you read a story, you make inferences, or educated guesses, about what the writer is trying to say.
One way to make better inferences is to notice important details in the story.
Pay attention to details as you read “The Scarlet Ibis,” and practice making inferences. Keep track of the little things:
What larger meanings can you infer from these details?
[End of Section]
Answer each of the following questions using complete sentences.
10. The narrator says “at times I was mean to Doodle” , write at least three examples.
11. After reading about how the brother’s trip to the swamp ends (top right column on pg. 418), what might it foreshadow?
12. What does the narrator mean when he says, “I did not know then that pride is a wonderful, terrible thing… death.
13. Answer the yellow box question #2 on pg. 419
14. What do you think the cardinal they see symbolizes? (pg 419)
15. After finishing reading pg. 419, do you think the narrator judges himself too harshly? Explain your answer.
16. Why do you think Doodle lies on pg. 421?
17. Do you think the narrator’s goals for Doodle will be realized? Why or why not? (pg 421 top right hand column)
18. What type of figurative language is used to describe “promise” on pg 421?
19. If summer is a symbol of what is to come, what do you think may lie in Doodle’s future?
20. Answer yellow box question #3 on pg. 422.
21. In the opening of the story, the narrator refers to the “clove of season” and he refers to it again on pg 422 (bottom left column). Why might he repeat this phrase here?
22. What might Daddy’s comment about the weather, at the bottom of pg. 422, foreshadow?
23. Describe the bird that lands in the bleeding tree. What might the fact that the bird landed in that particular tree symbolize/foreshadow? (pg. 423)
24. The physical details of Doodle’s response to the bird seems to unsettle the narrator. What does the description hint at? (pg. 423)
25. What are the two things compared in the simile at the top of pg. 424?
26. Answer the yellow box Question #4. (pg 424)
27. Answer the yellow box question #5. (pg. 424)
28. Look at the two settings described at the bottom of pg 424 and the top of pg. 425. what is the contrast between these two scenes? What might it foreshadow?
29. What does Doodle do on pg. 425 that disappoints the narrator so much?
30. The word “solder” means to repair by melting metal and dripping it on an object. Why do you think the narrator didn’t’ say anything to Doodle?
30. What does Doodle yell to the narrator when the narrator begins to run from the storm? What is the narrator’s reaction?
31. Answer yellow box question #6.
32. What is the metaphor at the end of the story?
33. In what ways can the ibis be a symbol for Doodle? Think about: the resemblance between the two, Doodle’s reactions to the bird, both of their struggles to survive and the similarities between their deaths.