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THIRTEEN. Burglary Investigation. LEARNING OBJECTIVES. Be familiar with different types of burglars Describe appropriate responses to burglaries in progress Recognized burglary tools Explain several methods of attacking safes Identify types of evidence to be collected in safe burglaries

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thirteen

THIRTEEN

Burglary Investigation

learning objectives
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • Be familiar with different types of burglars
  • Describe appropriate responses to burglaries in progress
  • Recognized burglary tools
  • Explain several methods of attacking safes
  • Identify types of evidence to be collected in safe burglaries
  • Describe the characteristics of residential burglaries
  • Understand the investigator\'s burglary prevention role
  • Outline strategies for investigating criminal fences and other stolen-property outlets
  • Describe techniques for reducing the risk for commercial burglary

13-1

dimensions of burglary nationally
DIMENSIONS OF BURGLARY NATIONALLY
  • One is committed every 15 seconds
  • Two-thirds of all burglaries are of residences
  • Residential losses average $1,381 and nonresidential $1,615
  • Nationally, 64 percent of all burglaries involve forcible entries
  • In general, residences are attacked at front and businesses at the rear
  • Burglaries typically happen when premises are unoccupied

13-2(a)

dimensions of burglary cont d
DIMENSIONS OF BURGLARY (cont\'d)
  • Homes are usually burglarized during the day and businesses at night
  • There is little seasonal variation in burglaries
  • Burglary is a difficult crime to solve
  • The clearance rate nationally is 13 percent

13-2(b)

types of burglars
TYPES OF BURGLARS
  • The nature of burglary has stayed the same over time
  • How burglaries are committed has changed
  • Burglars may be classified according to:
    • Preferences for premises attacked
    • Types of property they will steal
    • Their skill level

13-3

professional and amateur burglars
PROFESSIONAL AND AMATEUR BURGLARS
  • Professional burglars:
    • plan their burglaries
    • are seldom arrested
    • steal large value items
    • commit only a few offenses per year

13-4(a)

professional and amateur burglars cont d
PROFESSIONAL AND AMATEUR BURGLARS (cont\'d)
  • Amateur burglars:
    • Seldom plan their burglaries
    • Are frequently arrested
    • Work in small segments of their city
    • Seldom have a “big score”
    • May commit other violent offenses if confronted
    • Often have lengthy arrest records

13-4(b)

the law
THE LAW
  • The crime of burglary generally consists of the following elements:
    • breaking and entering
    • a dwelling house or other building belonging to another
    • with the intent to commit a crime therein
  • Burglary and related offenses are classified as crimes against the habitation, dwelling, or building itself; no force need be directed against a person

13-5

approaching the burglary scene and initial actions
APPROACHING THE BURGLARY SCENE AND INITIAL ACTIONS
  • When responding to a burglary-in-progress call, uniformed officers should drive rapidly while avoiding excessive noise
  • When dispatched to a burglary-in-progress call, the uniformed officer working alone should attempt to coordinate his or her arrival time and position with the backup unit
  • If a burglary has been committed and the police department has a canine unit, the uniformed officer at the scene should request its presence prior to entering the building

13-6

burglary tools
BURGLARY TOOLS
  • These tools are often similar to household tools:
    • crowbars
    • screwdrivers
    • modified tools used as lockpicks

13-7

surreptitious entries
SURREPTITIOUS ENTRIES
  • When police cannot establish a point of entry or exit, the burglary entry is surreptitious. It may have been staged by the occupant, a thief who obtained a duplicate key, loiding, or lock picking.

13-8

fire resistant safe
FIRE RESISTANT SAFE
  • Characteristics of these safes include:
    • They are built to protect against fire
    • They are made of light metal
    • They provide minimal security

13-9

money chest
MONEY CHEST
  • Characteristics of the money chest include:
    • They are built to protect against burglary
    • They have thick walls and a strong round door
    • They provide reasonably good security

13-10

methods of attacking safes
METHODS OF ATTACKING SAFES
  • Burglars use a variety of methods to attack safes including:
    • The punch
    • Pulling
    • The peel
    • The rip
    • Blasting
    • Drilling
    • Burning
    • Manipulation
    • The pry
    • The carry off

13-11

evidence to be collected in safe burglary
EVIDENCE TO BE COLLECTED IN SAFE BURGLARY
  • Types of evidence an investigator may collect in safe burglary cases include:
    • Broken parts of burglary tools
    • Bold cutters from the suspect\'s home
    • Slag seized at the scene of a burning job

13-12(a)

evidence to be collected in safe burglary cont d
EVIDENCE TO BE COLLECTED IN SAFE BURGLARY (cont\'d)
  • DNA evidence from burglars sweat bands or blood left at the scene
  • Latent fingerprints at the scene
  • Particles of safe insulation on the burglar\'s person or clothes

13-12(b)

characteristics of residential burglary
CHARACTERISTICS OF RESIDENTIAL BURGLARY
  • Residential burglaries are primarily committed during the day, with the front door being the point of attack
  • Black homeowners are victimized at a higher rate than any other group
  • The younger the head of a household is, the more likely that the residence will be burglarized
  • The losses associated with residential burglaries are not intrinsically significant

13-13

home burglary losses
HOME BURGLARY LOSSES
  • Most residential burglaries result in relatively low amounts of value lost
  • Most of the low amount-lost burglaries are committed by amateurs
  • Even low amount-lost burglaries can create fear in homeowners

(Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Criminal Victimization in the United States-1999 (Washington, DC: U.S> Department of Justice, 2001) p. 75, table 83.)

13-14

property frequently taken from residences
PROPERTY FREQUENTLY TAKEN FROM RESIDENCES
  • Many items taken in burglaries are found in the owner\'s bedroom
  • Garages and storage sheds are often the locations of larger property stolen for fences

(Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Criminal Victimization in the United States-1999 (Washington, DC: U.S> Department of Justice, 2001) p. 89, table 84.)

13-15

fences
FENCES
  • Those who knowingly purchase stolen goods at a fraction of its actual worth and then resell it for a considerable profit, but still at a good deal to the buyer

13-16

types of fences
TYPES OF FENCES
  • There are numerous types of fences
    • Amateurs
    • Store owners and individuals who often only but the goods for which they have placed an order with the thief
    • Professionals
    • Occasional or opportunistic fences
    • Providers of illicit goods and services
    • Technology proficient thieves and fences who do their business on the internet

13-7(a)

types of fences cont d
TYPES OF FENCES (cont\'d)
  • The police know that the more that receiver markets can be disrupted or eliminated, the greater the likelihood that there will be some reduction in burglary
  • Police “sting” operations are an effective means of:
    • combating fences
    • identifying active criminals
    • penetrating criminal organizations
    • recovering property

13-17(b)

sting operation
STING OPERATION
  • An effective means of combating fences, undercover officers set up a legitimate appearing business or other type of location in which they slowly gain a reputation of being a fence. Transactions are videotaped. Property is recovered, other fences are identified, and ultimately thieves began talking openly about criminal matters, creating an important intelligence source.

13-18

pawn shops
PAWN SHOPS
  • Pawnshops are seen by many as part of fencing operations
  • Some cities have passed laws to help regulate pawn shops
  • Those same laws help to reduce the number of pawnshops acting as fences

© D. Boone/Corbis

13-19

the investigators role in burglary prevention
THE INVESTIGATORS ROLE IN BURGLARY PREVENTION
  • Investigators should tell the burglary victim how to reduce their chances of being re-victimized
  • For example, if residents are going on vacation they should:
    • Stop mail and newspaper delivery
    • Use timers for household lights and radios
    • Ask a trusted neighbor to report suspicious activity to the police

13-20(a)

the investigators role in burglary prevention cont d
THE INVESTIGATORS ROLE IN BURGLARY PREVENTION (cont\'d)
  • For day-to-day home security residents should be encouraged to:
    • Install motion-sensor lights
    • Install dead-bolt locks
    • Avoid placing valuables where they can be seen
    • Don’t leave ladders or tools laying around

13-20(b)

reducing commercial burglary
REDUCING COMMERCIAL BURGLARY
  • Business owners should be encouraged to:
    • Prevent easy access to their roofs
    • Secure all vents and roof openings
    • Use security-providing locks, frames, and doors

13-21(a)

reducing commercial burglary cont d
REDUCING COMMERCIAL BURGLARY (cont\'d)
  • Light the exterior of their buildings
  • Employ alarm systems and surveillance cameras
  • Use money chests rather than fire-resistant safes
  • Periodically assess their office security measures

13-21(b)

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