Science and british policy
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Science and British Policy. Ilora Finlay. Alcohol labelling Bill 2007. Foetal alcohol syndrome Lord Mitchell’s Private Members Bill No alcohol pre conception and in pregnancy No tolerance by under 5 yrs Labelling on bottles Jan 2007 Bill fell

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Science and British Policy

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Science and British Policy

Ilora Finlay


Alcohol labelling Bill 2007

  • Foetal alcohol syndrome

  • Lord Mitchell’s Private Members Bill

  • No alcohol pre conception and in pregnancy

  • No tolerance by under 5 yrs

  • Labelling on bottles

  • Jan 2007 Bill fell

  • Nov 2007 reintroduced – not given time in the Commons


Alcohol monitoring scheme

  • Police Reform and Social Responsibility Bill 2011

  • Baroness Newlove maiden speech

  • July 2011 report stage

  • Finlay Amdt 306ZC to insert alcohol monitoring into youth rehabilitation orders defeated by 151 to 104


Legal Aid Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Bill 2010

  • “Alcohol abstinence and monitoring requirement “

  • Arrangements for tagging

    other means of testing

  • Not dependent on alcohol

  • Piloting powers

  • Royal Assent May 2012


  • Enable the court to take

    • enforcement action on alcohol related violence and

    • monitor compliance, particularly in middle level offences

  • Such as:

    • common assault,

    • offences against the person,

    • threatening behaviour and

    • domestic violence.


  • A pre-court screening to identify alcoholics, needs too great

  • Alcohol monitoring, as part of a suspended sentence, community sentence or post release licence (alternative to prison)

  • Magistrate is satisfied that offender understands No alcohol, with daily testing

  • Evidence suggests 12 weeks to achieve behaviour change


Pilot plan

  • Offender to pay for each test, £1

  • Testing done by either a private company or a voluntary third sector agency, with paid staff (not volunteers). It will not tie up police constable time

  • For the pilot, the test centres use existing court and probation premises near transport hubs

  • The initial alcohol test - standard breathalyser; if positive a second test with evidential standard equipment and mouthpiece


  • Bernard Hogan-Howe – Metropolitan Police Commissioner – who is “fully supportive” of the proposal. He commented that alcohol is a precursor to crime in about 80% of crimes in London and that after 6 pm each night you can smell the problem in the police cells.

  • Led by Mayor and his Deputy


Current policy

  • Minimum pricing

    • 10% increase in price ~ 4.4% fall in consumption (Canada showed 3.4% fall)

  • Minimum unit pricing

  • Marketing

    • (positive response at age 18 ~ heavier drinking and more alcohol related aggression age 21)

  • Availability of alcohol

    • Licensing powers restriction

    • Sweden beer in grocery stores, consumption up 15%. Reversed when sale stopped.


  • Community Alcohol Prevention Project

    • Coordinated action – Cardiff Glasgow Birmingham

  • Strengthening families

  • Screening for hazardous drinking

    • Fast alcohol screening test ‘FAST’

  • Brief intervention / teachable moment

    • Reduced consumption 55% v 8% in controls


March 2012

  • “The message is clear. We can’t go on like this. We have to tackle the scourge of binge drinking.” David Cameron

  • Powers:

    • Stop serving drunks

    • Restrict opening hours

    • Density of licenses and late night levy

    • Drunks in A&E and clubs they are from


2012

  • 7 questions

  • 2 statements

  • I short debate

  • But no secondary legislation for pilots


BUT

  • Refuse to look at differential for young drivers

  • Complex messages persist in muddle


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