The tundra biome
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The Tundra Biome. By Ryan Adkins. Characteristics of The Tundra. Extremely cold climate Low biotic diversity Simple vegetation structure Limitation of drainage Short season of growth and reproduction Energy and nutrients in the form of dead organic material

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The Tundra Biome

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The tundra biome

The Tundra Biome

By Ryan Adkins


Characteristics of the tundra

Characteristics of The Tundra

  • Extremely cold climate

  • Low biotic diversity

  • Simple vegetation structure

  • Limitation of drainage

  • Short season of growth and reproduction

  • Energy and nutrients in the form of dead organic material

  • Large population oscillations

  • The 2 types of tundra are Arctic and Alpine


Tundra biome info

Tundra Biome Info

  • The Tundra is the coldest of all the biomes.

  • Tundra comes from the Finnish word tunturi, meaning treeless plain.

  • Located in the northern hemisphere


Arctic tundra

Arctic Tundra

  • The growing season ranges from 50 to 60 days.

  • The average winter temperature is -34° C

  • The average summer temperature is 3 to 12° C


Plants in the arctic tundra

Plants in the Arctic Tundra

  • There are about 1,700 kinds of plants in the arctic and subarctic.

  • These include low shrubs, sedges, reindeer mosses, liverworts, grasses, 400 varieties of flowers, crustose, and foliose lichen


Animals in the arctic tundra

Animals in the Arctic Tundra

  • There are many types of herbivorous animals such as lemmings, voles, caribou, arctic hares and squirrels

  • The carnivorous animals include arctic foxes, wolves, and polar bears

  • Many migratory birds live there such as ravens, snow buntings, falcons, loons, sandpipers

  • The tundra is home to many insects including mosquitoes, flies, moths, grasshoppers, blackflies and arctic bumble bees

  • Many of these animals hibernate or migrate south during the winter because food is not abundant.


Alpine tundra

Alpine Tundra

  • Alpine tundra is located on mountains throughout the world at high altitude where trees cannot grow.

  • The growing season is approximately 180 days.

  • The nighttime temperature is usually below freezing.

  • The soil in the alpine is well drained.


Plants in the alpine tundra

Plants in the Alpine Tundra

  • Tussock grasses

  • Dwarf trees

  • Small-leafed shrubs

  • Heaths

  • There are not many plants in the Alpine Tundra due to it’s location and elevation.


Animals in the alpine tundra

Animals in the Alpine Tundra

  • The animals in the Alpine Tundra are all very well adapted to its climate.

  • These animals include pikas, marmots, mountain goats, sheep, elk.

  • There are also many birds and insects such as grouselikebirds, springtails, beetles, grasshoppers, and butterflies.


Pictures of the tundra

Pictures of the Tundra


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