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Principal parts & verb systems. The first 2 principal parts give us the present system The 3rd principal part gives us the perfect active system The 4th principal part gives the perfect passive system. Present System. laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum moneō monēre monuī monitum

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Principal parts verb systems
Principal parts &verb systems

The first 2 principal parts give us the

present system

The 3rd principal part gives us the

perfect active system

The 4th principal part gives the

perfect passive system


Present system
Present System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum


Present system1
Present System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Active

Present

Imperfect

Future


Present system2
Present System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Active

Present

Imperfect

Future

laudō, laudās, etc.

moneō, monēs, etc.

regō, regis, etc.

capiō, capis, etc.

audiō, audīs, etc.


Present system3
Present System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Active

Present

Imperfect

Future

laudābam, laudābās, etc.

monēbam, monēbās, etc.

regēbam, regēbās, etc.

capiēbam, capiēbās, etc.

audiēbam, audiēbās, etc.


Present system4
Present System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Active

Present

Imperfect

Future

laudābō, laudābis, etc.

monēbō, monēbis, etc.

regam, regēs, etc.

capiam, capiēs, etc.

audiam, audiēs, etc.


Present system5
Present System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Passive

Present

Imperfect

Future


Present system6
Present System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Passive

Present

Imperfect

Future

laudor, laudāris, etc.

moneor, monēris, etc.

regor, regeris, etc.

capior, caperis, etc.

audior, audīris, etc.


Present system7
Present System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Passive

Present

Imperfect

Future

laudābar, laudābāris, etc.

monēbar, monēbāris, etc.

regēbar, regēbāris, etc.

capiēbar, capiēbāris, etc.

audiēbar, audiēbāris, etc.


Present system8
Present System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Passive

Present

Imperfect

Future

laudābor, laudāberis, etc.

monēbor, monēberis, etc.

regar, regēris, etc.

capiar, capiēris, etc.

audiar, audiēris, etc.


Perfect active system
Perfect Active System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum


Perfect active system1
Perfect Active System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Active

Perfect

Pluperfect

Future perfect


Perfect active system2
Perfect Active System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Active

Perfect

Pluperfect

Future perfect

laudāvī, laudāvistī, etc.

monuī, monuistī, etc.

rēxī, rēxistī, etc.

cēpī, cēpistī, etc.

audīvī, audīvistī, etc.


Perfect active system3
Perfect Active System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Active

Perfect

Pluperfect

Future perfect

laudāveram, laudāverās, etc.

monueram, monuerās, etc.

rēxeram, rēxerās, etc.

cēperam, cēperās, etc.

audīveram, audīverās, etc.


Perfect active system4
Perfect Active System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Active

Perfect

Pluperfect

Future perfect

laudāverō, laudāveris, etc.

monuerō, monueris, etc.

rēxerō, rēxeris, etc.

cēperō, cēperis, etc.

audīverō, audīveris, etc.


Perfect passive system
Perfect Passive System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum


Perfect passive system1
Perfect Passive System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Perfect Passive

Pluperfect Passive

Future Perfect Passive


Perfect passive system2
Perfect Passive System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Perfect Passive

'has been ______ed'

sum

es

est

sumus

estis

sunt

4th principal part +


Perfect passive system3
Perfect Passive System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Perfect Passive

'has been ______ed'

monitus

monitus

monitus

monitī

monitī

monitī

audītus

audītus

audītus

audītī

audītī

audītī

captus

captus

captus

captī

captī

captī

sum

es

est

sumus

estis

sunt

laudātus

laudātus

laudātus

laudātī

laudātī

laudātī

rēctus

rēctus

rēctus

rēctī

rēctī

rēctī


Perfect passive system4
Perfect Passive System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Pluperfect Passive

'had been ______ed'

eram

erās

erat

erāmus

erātis

erant

4th principal part +


Perfect passive system5
Perfect Passive System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Pluperfect Passive

'had been ______ed'

monitus

monitus

monitus

monitī

monitī

monitī

audītus

audītus

audītus

audītī

audītī

audītī

captus

captus

captus

captī

captī

captī

eram

erās

erat

erāmus

erātis

erant

laudātus

laudātus

laudātus

laudātī

laudātī

laudātī

rēctus

rēctus

rēctus

rēctī

rēctī

rēctī


Perfect passive system6
Perfect Passive System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Future Perfect Passive

'will have been ______ed'

erō

eris

erit

erimus

eritis

erunt

4th principal part +


Perfect passive system7
Perfect Passive System

laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātum

moneō monēre monuī monitum

regō regere rēxī rēctum

capiō capere cēpī captum

audiō audīre audīvī audītum

Future Perfect Passive

'will have been ______ed'

monitus

monitus

monitus

monitī

monitī

monitī

audītus

audītus

audītus

audītī

audītī

audītī

captus

captus

captus

captī

captī

captī

erō

eris

erit

erimus

eritis

erunt

laudātus

laudātus

laudātus

laudātī

laudātī

laudātī

rēctus

rēctus

rēctus

rēctī

rēctī

rēctī


Subject verb agreement
Subject-verb agreement

puer laudātus est

puerī monitī sunt

puella laudāta erat

puellae laudātae erunt

perīculum nōn vīsum erat

perīcula nōn vīsa sunt

cīvēs nōn vīsī sunt


  • cūr istī vēritātem timēbant, quā multī adiūtī erant?

  • in ingentem perīculum iactus sum!

  • puerum quī servātus est ego ipse vīdī.

  • ā cīve quī missus erat pāx et lībertās laudātae sunt.


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