Historical Views of Child Psychopathology. The Emergence of Social Conscience Historically children often ignored or subjected to harsh treatment John Locke (17thC) Jean-Marc Itard (19thC) – treat children with kindness. Historical Views (cont.).
Figure 1.1 (a) Multifinality: Similar early experiences lead to different outcomes; (b) Equifinality: Different factors lead to a similar outcome
Figure 1.3 Normal developmental trajectories of Externalizing problems (top graph) an Internalizing problems (bottom graph) from the Child Behavior Checklist. Ages are shown on the x axis. The y axis represents the raw scores (higher score means more problems). Source: Bongers, Koot, van der Ende, & Verhulst, 2003.