What do we know about KY numbers?. 1997 report from 37 Public Health Clinics 1/3 reported drinking in past month over 40% reported ever using illicit drugs with higher numbers for current use in 11 - 17 year olds.
Fetal alcohol syndrome is among the most commonly known causes of mental retardation and is a major public health problem.
It is the leading preventable cause of mental retardation!
Foolish, drunken, or harebrain women most often bring forth children like unto themselves Aristotle in ProblemataHistorical view of alcohol as a teratogen
Foolish, drunken, or harebrain women most often bring forth children like unto themselves Aristotle in Problemata
Behold, thou shalt conceive and bear a son: And now, drink no wine or strong drink.
Judges 13:7Historical view of alcohol as a teratogen
Adapted from Streissguth
Mattson et al., 1994
115 children like unto themselves
40General Intellectual Performance
Mattson, S.N., 1997.
Move only one piece at a time using one hand and never place a big piece on top of a little piece
Mattson, et al., 1999
Individuals with FAS/FAE have a range of secondary
disabilities – disabilities that the individual is not born with, and which could be ameliorated withappropriate interventions.
Streissguth, et al., 1996
Growth retardation Spectrum Disorder
Heart, skeletal defects
Reductions in basal ganglia and cerebellar volumes
Hyperactivity, attentional problems
Hearing anomaliesAnimal models – Example of the comparability of effects
Driscoll, et al., 1990; Samson, 1986;
Cigarette smoke contains more than 2000 pharmacologically active substances including carbon monoxide (which could lead to fetal hypoxia), cyanide, nitrous oxide
Increased obstetric complications such as spontaneous abortion
Dose-dependent reductions in birthweight, possible increased risk of SIDS