Taking an essay test
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Taking an essay test:. How to do well on fewer than 10 cups of coffee. In this workshop, we’ll talk about how to succeed at essay tests. What is an essay test?. Unlike multiple-choice or true-or-false exams, an essay test looks for more than mere correctness.

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Taking an essay test

Taking an essay test:

How to do well on fewer than 10 cups of coffee

In this workshop we ll talk about how to succeed at essay tests

In this workshop, we’ll talk about how to succeed at essay tests.

What is an essay test

What is an essay test?

Unlike multiple-choice or true-or-false exams, an essay test looks for more than mere correctness.

Taking an essay test

Instead, an essay test looks for depth, critical thinking skills, and an ability to synthesize ideas.

Taking an essay test

So what do you need to do?

Taking an essay test

Pay careful attention to the “direction” words your prof uses in each essay question. He/she is using these terms to tell you HOW to answer the question.

Know your terms

Know your terms!

  • Analyze: Break something down into its parts and show how the parts connect to each other.

  • Compare: Show how two or more things are similar and different.

  • Contrast: Show how two or more things are different.

Know your terms contd

Know your terms (contd.):

  • Define: Explain the meaning of something.

  • Describe: Give a full, detailed picture of something in words to show its key aspects and traits.

  • Diagram: Draw a picture of something and label its components.

Know your terms contd1

Know your terms (contd.):

  • Evaluate: Present both the positive and negative features of something.

  • Explain: Give reasons and facts to clarify your points.

  • Justify: Support something with facts and reasons.

Know your terms contd2

Know your terms (contd.):

  • List: Present information as a series of brief, numbered items.

  • Outline: Provide information in a clearly organized way.

Know your terms contd3

Know your terms (contd.):

  • Summarize: Briefly recap your main points.

  • Trace: Describe the order in which something occurred.

Follow directions

Follow directions!

If you’re not responding to the question you’re asked, you won’t get the grade you’re hoping for.

Taking an essay test

An “A” essay test is:

  • well-focused,

  • well-organized,

  • well-supported, and

  • well-packaged.

Well focused


Stick to the point and avoid “rambling.”

Well organized


Plan ahead, and include a clear introduction and conclusion.

Well supported


Use facts, figures, examples, research studies, etc. to bolster

your points.

Well packaged give yourself time to check grammar punctuation and other surface level concerns

Well-packagedGive yourself time to check grammar, punctuation, and other surface-level concerns.

Well packaged contd


Neglecting grammar and punctuation is like showing up for a job interview in jeans and a dirty T-shirt. You may be the best candidate for the job, but no one is going to take you seriously.

So how do you start

So how do you start?

Budget your time. If you have an hour and a half, give yourself 15 minutes to plan, one hour to write, and 15 minutes to review.

Taking an essay test

Read all the questions before you start. Jot down important words, ideas, etc. while they’re fresh in your mind.

Taking an essay test

Before writing,

look at the direction words. Make sure you understand what your teacher expects.

Jot down a rough outline

Jot down a rough outline

This will add clarity, organization, and conciseness to your response.

Review what you ve written

Review what you’ve written

Your answers should be direct and clearly respond to the question.

When in doubt generalize

When in doubt, generalize

If you can’t remember that Romeo and Juliet was first performed in 1595, just put “late 16th century.”

Taking an essay test

Also: While taking an essay test, ask yourself the right questions.

Taking an essay test

  • Do I truly understand the question?

  • Have I jotted down a rough outline of my major points?

  • Does the first sentence of my answer tell the reader what the question is and how I will develop my response?

Taking an essay test

  • Have I highlighted my key points?

  • Am I backing up these points with facts and examples?

  • Are the key points linked with clear transitions?

Taking an essay test

  • Would someone who has not taken this course understand my responses?

  • Have I included all the important points?

  • Did I stay on track?

Taking an essay test

  • Did I proofread for misspellings, subject/pronoun and subject/verb agreement errors, comma splices, fused sentences, and sentence fragments?

Is my handwriting legible and have i double spaced

Is my handwriting legible, and have I double-spaced?

What about text anxiety

What about text anxiety?

Many of us get very nervous before an exam.

It s not all bad

It’s not all bad

A little bit of “stage fright” can pump out the adrenaline we need to perform.



Too much anxiety can erode our focus and sap our confidence.

Control your anxiety

Control your anxiety!

  • Replace negative thoughts by rehearsing your test-taking strategies.

  • Use a favorite pen if you have one.

Control contd

Control (contd.)

  • Tense and release different muscle groups, one group at a time.

Control contd1

Control (contd.)

  • Breathe slowly and deeply. Oxygen feeds your brain!

Control contd2

Control (contd.)

  • Focus on a soothing word or image.



The best way to succeed at essay tests is to be prepared!

Taking an essay test

Give yourself time to study without cramming.

Taking an essay test

Make sure you understand all the questions.

Taking an essay test

Plan your answers before you start writing.

Taking an essay test

Take a deep breath…

Taking an essay test

…and watch yourself succeed!

Taking an essay test

Remember: Come to the Writing Center at ANY stage of the writing process: ● brain-storming, ● planning, ● developing, or ● finishing. Our professionally trained tutors will be happy to help!

Taking an essay test

WorkshopsMadonna’s Writing Center offers the following workshops:● APA● MLA● CMS● Using Sources Correctly● Introductions and Conclusions● Getting Started● Developing Ideas● Revision● Evaluation● Test-taking● Writing Concisely

Works cited

Works Cited

  • www.how-to-study.com/EssayPrint.htm

  • owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/general/gl_essay.html

  • owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/general/gl_anxiety.html

  • www.csbsju.edu/academicadvising/help/essayexm.htm

  • www.mtsu.edu/studskl/essay.html

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