Part Four, Reading Comprehension Skills Skill Four, Recognizing Signal Words. Objective This section defines and offers examples of several types of signal words. Signal words help the reader follow the direction of a writer’s thought.
Skill Four, Recognizing Signal Words
This section defines and offers examples of several types of signal words.
Emphasis words tell you directly that a particular writer’s thought.
idea or detail is especially important.
Some typical words used for emphasis:
important to note especially valuable the chief factor
most of all most noteworthy a vital force
a significant factor remember that above all
a primary concern a major event a central issue
the chief outcome a distinctive quality the most substantial issue
a key feature should be noted pay particular attention to
the main value
Addition words tell you that the writer’s thought is going to continue in the same direction.
The author is going to add on more points or details of the same kind.
Addition words are typically used to signal enumerations.
Some typical addition words:
also first of all last of all and another
for one thing likewise second finally first
in addition next furthermore moreover
the third reason
Comparison or contrast words to continue in the same direction.
Comparison words signal that the author is pointing out a
similarity between two subjects. They tell you that the second
idea is like the first one in some way.
Typical comparison words:
like just as in the same way similarly
likewise in like manner alike equally
just like in a similar fashion similarly as
Contrast words signal a change in the direction of the to continue in the same direction.
writer’s thought. They tell you that the author is pointing
out a difference between two subjects or statements.
Typical contrast words:
but yet variation on the other hand
however differ still conversely
in contrast difference on the contrary otherwise
be given to make an idea clear. Such words are typically used
in textbooks that present a number of definitions and examples
of those definitions.
Typical illustration words:
for example specifically for instance
to illustrate once such as
describe results or effects.
Typical cause and effect words:
because reason since therefore
effect as a result so that thus
if…. then cause consequently result in