Part Four, Reading Comprehension Skills Skill Four, Recognizing Signal Words. Objective This section defines and offers examples of several types of signal words. Signal words help the reader follow the direction of a writer’s thought.
Part Four, Reading Comprehension Skills
Skill Four, Recognizing Signal Words
This section defines and offers examples of several types of signal words.
Emphasis words tell you directly that a particular
idea or detail is especially important.
Some typical words used for emphasis:
important to noteespecially valuablethe chief factor
most of allmost noteworthya vital force
a significant factorremember thatabove all
a primary concerna major eventa central issue
the chief outcomea distinctive quality the most substantial issue
a key featureshould be notedpay particular attention to
the main value
Addition words tell you that the writer’s thought is going to continue in the same direction.
The author is going to add on more points or details of the same kind.
Addition words are typically used to signal enumerations.
Some typical addition words:
alsofirst of alllast of allandanother
for one thinglikewisesecondfinally first
in addition nextfurthermore moreover
the third reason
Comparison or contrast words
Comparison words signal that the author is pointing out a
similarity between two subjects. They tell you that the second
idea is like the first one in some way.
Typical comparison words:
likejust asin the same waysimilarly
likewisein like manneralikeequally
just likein a similar fashionsimilarlyas
Contrast words signal a change in the direction of the
writer’s thought. They tell you that the author is pointing
out a difference between two subjects or statements.
Typical contrast words:
butyetvariationon the other hand
in contrastdifferenceon the contraryotherwise
Illustration words tell you that an example or illustrations will
be given to make an idea clear. Such words are typically used
in textbooks that present a number of definitions and examples
of those definitions.
Typical illustration words:
for examplespecificallyfor instance
to illustrateoncesuch as
Cause and effect words signal that the author is going to
describe results or effects.
Typical cause and effect words:
effectas a resultso thatthus
if…. thencauseconsequentlyresult in