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TOBI, continued (continued). February 2, 2010. Languages!. Polish2 Tagalog2 Urdu Spanish Afrikaans Korean Gujarati Italian Russian Swedish. Also: Perception of palatalization in Irish Developing phonemic inventory in an 18 month-old. Agenda. Return homeworks.

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Tobi continued continued

TOBI, continued (continued)

February 2, 2010


Languages

Languages!

Polish2

Tagalog2

Urdu

Spanish

Afrikaans

Korean

Gujarati

Italian

Russian

Swedish

Also:

Perception of palatalization in Irish

Developing phonemic inventory in an 18 month-old


Agenda

Agenda

  • Return homeworks.

  • Questions on course project?

  • The final pieces of the TOBI puzzle.

  • More transcription practice.

  • On Thursday, we will be in Craigie Hall D428.

    • (the language lab)


Mystery solved

Mystery Solved

  • The Mystery Tone Language was the Amoy dialect of Min Nan, which is spoken in southern China.

  • There are five tones in Min Nan (the mystery language):

  • High Level5-5#3:#10:

  • Mid Level3-3#4:#7:

  • Low Falling2-1#5:#12:

  • High Falling5-1#1:#6:#9:

  • Low Rising2-3#2:#8:#11:


Tobi so far

TOBI, so far

  • Pitch Accents

    • H* and L*

  • Phrase Accents

    • H- and L-

  • Boundary Tones

    • H% and L%

  • Break Indices

    • 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4

  • Downstepping and Upstepping


Bitonal pitch accents

Bitonal Pitch Accents

  • In addition to H* and L*, there are three bitonal pitch accents.

  • Here are the first two:

    • L + H*

    • L* + H

  • The starred element denotes the tone which is associated with the stressed syllable.

  • L + H* = high peak on stressed syllable, preceded by a sharp rise in pitch.

  • L* + H = low pitch target on stressed syllable, followed by a sharp rise in pitch.


H vs l h

H* vs. L + H*

  • Marianna won it.

H*

L + H*

Note: informative vs. contrastive function


L vs l h

L* vs. L* + H

  • Only a millionaire.

L* + H

L-

H%

H*

  • Marianna made the marmalade.

L*

L*

H-H%


L h vs l h

L + H* vs. L* + H

  • There’s a lovely one in Bloomingdale’s.

L* + H

L + H*


Filling the gap

Filling the Gap

  • Another feature of phrase accents is that they fill in the gap between the nuclear accent and the boundary of the intermediate phrase.

L* + H L- H%

1 0 11 4


More downstepping

More Downstepping

  • Bitonal pitch accents can also undergo downstepping.

L + H* L + !H* L + !H*L-L%

1 1 1 1 1 4


Tobi continued continued

H + !H*

  • The final pitch accent in the TOBI inventory is H+!H*.

  • This one often appears at the beginning of phrases.


Pitch accents round up

Pitch-Accents Round-up

  • There are five pitch accents:

  • H*

  • L*

  • L + H*

  • L* + H

  • H + !H*

  • The * attaches to stressed syllables.

  • The final pitch accent in an intonational phrase is the nuclear accent.

    • Generally perceived as more prominent.


Practice time

Practice Time…

https://webdisk.ucalgary.ca/~swinters/public_html/ling441/TOBIlab3.html


A chunking review

A Chunking Review

utterance

intonational phrase(intonational phrase)...

intermediate phrase(intermediate phrase)...

(pitch accent)nuclear accent

(stressed syllable)stressed syllable


Break indices

Break Indices

  • 4 marks boundaries between intonational phrases

    • associated with a boundary tone (H% or L%)

    • sense of complete disjuncture

  • 3 marks boundaries between intermediate phrases

    • associated with a phrase accent (H- or L-)

    • lesser sense of disjuncture

  • 1 marks boundaries between words

  • 0 marks phonetic coarticulation between words

  • (2 marks uncertainties or apparent mismatches)

    • rarely used


0 level boundaries

0 Level Boundaries

  • 0 level boundaries are marked wherever there is clear coarticulation across a word boundary

    • Also for flaps across word boundaries, as in “got it”

0 1 1 4


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