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Nathaniel Hawthorne . “Young Goodman Brown”. Nathaniel Hawthorne 1804-1864. Born in Salem, Massachusetts Puritan Background Ancestor of John Hawthorne – one of the three judges in the Salem Witch Trials. Hawthorne’s Background. Began writing after college at Bowdion College in Maine

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Nathaniel hawthorne

Nathaniel Hawthorne

“Young Goodman Brown”


Nathaniel hawthorne 1804 1864
Nathaniel Hawthorne 1804-1864

  • Born in Salem, Massachusetts

  • Puritan Background

  • Ancestor of John Hawthorne – one of the three judges in the Salem Witch Trials


Hawthorne s background
Hawthorne’s Background

  • Began writing after college at Bowdion College in Maine

  • Spent many years in seclusion – starving artist

  • Held many jobs including writer, publisher, working at a custom house, and consul in England


More background
More Background

  • Married Sophie Peabody in 1825

  • Was friends with Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Herman Melville, and President Franklin Pierce


His themes in writing
His Themes in Writing

  • Moral allegories

  • The sinful man

  • Hypocrisy

  • The Dark side of Human Nature

  • Religious in Nature


His most famous works
His Most Famous Works

  • Novels

    • The House of Seven Gables

    • The Scarlet Letter

  • Short Stories

    • “The Minister’s Black Veil”

    • “Young Goodman Brown”


Who were the puritans
Who were the Puritans?

  • Wanted a “pure” church

    • No candles

    • No Images

    • No stained glass windows

  • Rejected the “showy” church of England

  • Led very somber lives governed solely by a strict interpretation of the Bible

  • No “nonsense” – dancing, gambling, drama, etc


Basic beliefs of the puritan church
Basic Beliefs of the Puritan Church

  • Jesus Christ is the Son of God – died on the cross for everyone’s sins

  • The whole Bible is the word of God and it is to be followed to the letter.

  • The belief that these ideas are fact are known as a person’s faith


Basic beliefs of the puritan church1
Basic Beliefs of the Puritan Church

  • Faith is what is necessary to get into heaven.

  • If you don’t go to heaven you go to hell.

  • Sins, as defined by the Bible, is to be avoided at cut out of life

  • A catechism is a book that is used to teach basic principles of the church


The infamous puritans
The Infamous Puritans

  • The Salem Witch Trials put the Puritans in the history books

  • Arthur Miller’s play The Crucible put them in Literature classes forever



Some basics
Some Basics…

  • Characters

    • Young Goodman Brown

    • His wife, Faith

    • Mysterious man in the forest with a strange looking staff


Some basics1
Some Basics…

  • Minor Character’s Notes…

    • Constable: person in law enforcement

    • Deacon: position in church held by congregation member

    • Goody: abbr. of “goodwife”, female version of goodman

    • Reverend: pastor

    • Sabbath: day of rest in the Judo/Christian church – in this case, Sunday


Ygb as an allegory
YGB as an Allegory

  • What is an allegory?

    • A story where everything is a symbol

    • Used commonly to instruct especially in religious matters

    • Some famous allegories are:

      • Dante’s Divine Comedy (more famous though is the first part commonly known as Dante’s Inferno

      • John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress


The allegory of young goodman brown basics
The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown – Basics

  • The Snake Satan – The Devil

  • Why?

    • See Genesis Chapter 3



The allegory of young goodman brown basics2
The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown – Basics

  • Stars / Sky / Heavenly Bodies

  • Heaven / Connection with God


The allegory of young goodman brown basics3
The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown - Basics

  • White Purity

  • Red Sin

  • Pink ????



The allegory of young goodman brown now not basic
The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown – now, not basic

  • Young Goodman Brown

    • The common Christian man – brown is neutral

  • Faith

    • A Christian’s faith

  • Witches

    • Satan / Evil


  • One last thing for tomorrow
    One Last Thing for Tomorrow…

    Another literary term feather for your literary term cap…

    • Imagery: words and phrases that re-create vivid sensory experiences for the reader. Usually imagery is visual, but often it is written to the senses of smell, hearing, taste, and touch


    Assignment for tomorrow
    Assignment for Tomorrow…

    • Read “Young Goodman Brown”

    • There will be a basic quiz tomorrow on the PowerPoint and the story

      • PowerPoint is online for your viewing enjoyment

    • Underline in pencil examples of imagery – for effort points


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