Lyndon B. Johnson. Background/Family Side.
Lyndon B. Johnson
He was born on August 27, 1908 near Johnson City in Texas. His father struggles to raise his two sons and three daughters while his mother always encouraged reading books. He graduated from Southwest State Teacher's College in San Marcos Texas. He had a talent for attracting affection which helped him be elected Speaker of the Little Congress.
Congressman in the House of Representatives from April 10, 1937 to January 3, 1949
Ran for Senate in 1948 but only won by a landslide of eighty-seven votes. This gave him the nickname “Landslide Lyndon”
Although Kennedy had no interest in Lyndon being his running-mate and Vice President during the 1960 election, Lyndon still decided to seek the Vice Presidency position and pressured Kennedy into letting him do so.
Was sworn into office hours after Kennedy’s assassination in 1963.
In the election of 1964 against Senator Barry Goldwater, Johnson won Presidency by a 61% popular vote.
Johnson replaced President Kennedy when he was assassinated on November 22, 1963. The following year Congress passed a tax reduction law that promoted economic growth which launched the program WAR ON POVERTY. Johnson secured a strong civil rights acts which eventually proved to be a vital source of legal authority against sexual discrimination and race. His domestic program was called Great Society. Congress passed the Medicare program, funded the WAR ON POVERTY and passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Johnson became very involved with Vietnam. In February 1965, U.S. planes bombed North Vietnam. Some qualities that led to his involvement in Vietnam and in the Dominican Republic were his faith in the U.S. military, his views against communism, and his temperamental activism. WHile the country as involved in a foreign county, Vietnam, back at home racial tensions grew ever so much. There were riots between 1965 and 1968, and a downfall to Johnson's Great Society programs which led to more support for the Republicans. The policy that truly hurt him was the one of military escalation in Vietnam. Some results of this policy were inflation, rising criticism, and deflected attention from domestic concerns. This escalations also cost the U.S. the war and made Johnson's instincts fail.
"The guns and the bombs, the rockets and the warships are symbols of human failure."
Johnson’s Great Society program has impacted the U.S. today because the elderly do not have to struggle with money thanks to social security as well as with Medicare. And because of his intense support to education, many students (especially those that are part of the minority) have the opportunity to increase their education with little worry about the cost.
John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts was nominated for president in 1960. He then chose Lyndon B. Johnson to be his running mate to "balance the democratic ticket." In November of 1960, the Democrats defeated the Republicans Richard Nixon and Henry Lodge.