1 / 32

Ararat - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Updated On :

Ararat. Anna, Emily, Honda, Julie. Outline. Introduction Armenian genocide Atom Egoyan Structure Theme Analysis Characters Parallel—family relation Ani & Raffi Gorky & his mother David & Philip Trauma Personal trauma Historical trauma Retelling history Symbol Conclusion.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Ararat' - yates

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Ararat l.jpg


Anna, Emily, Honda, Julie

Outline l.jpg

  • Introduction

    • Armenian genocide

    • Atom Egoyan

    • Structure

    • Theme

  • Analysis

    • Characters

    • Parallel—family relation

      • Ani & Raffi

      • Gorky & his mother

      • David & Philip

    • Trauma

      • Personal trauma

      • Historical trauma

    • Retelling history

    • Symbol

  • Conclusion

Introduction l.jpg

  • Armenian genocide (1915-1917 / WWI)

    Armenians became the only major Christian

    minority and call for independence

     Turks killed millions of Armenians

    Historical, cultural and political conditions

    led to this tragedy

     Turkey denies the word “genocide” and gives

    some excuses

Ararat4 l.jpg

Tragic historical event, Turkey in denial,

people yearning for the truth

 An Armenian director makes a film in

Toronto to represent the tragic history

 From the fictional point of view of a genuine

historical figure, Gorky

 Film named “Ararat” same as the movie

Atom egoyan 1960 l.jpg
Atom Egoyan (1960)

  • Atom Egoyan (1960)

     Director of Ararat

     Armenian-Canadian

    (Born in Egypt, immigrate to

    Victoria, British Columbia )

     Son of Armenian refugees

     Director, writer, editor, and producer

  • Quotation

    “You can talk about Holocaust denial, but it's really marginal for the most part. What is compelling about the Armenian genocide, is how it has been forgotten.” -- Atom Egoyan

Atom egoyan l.jpg
Atom Egoyan

  • Experience

     Reject his own ethnicity and reject to learn native

    language until college

     Begin to recognize Armenian identity/culture issue

    ex. Next of Kin, Calendar, Ararat

  • “Atom”

     He was named “Atom” to mark the completion of

    Egypt's first nuclear reactor

     His parents expect him to be like an “atom” to influence people

Slide7 l.jpg

  • Structure

     Framed as scenes

     Film-within-the-film

  • Theme

     Historical trauma

     Family relation

Characters l.jpg

  • Ani

     An art historian and expert on Gorky

     Adviser on Saroyan's fictional film

     Raffi’s mother

  • Raffi

     Interrogated by Canada custom

    when he back from Turkey

  • Celia

     Raffi’s step-sister / crazy girlfriend

     who believes that Ani kills her father

Slide9 l.jpg

  • Edward Saroyan

     Director of the Ararat

    in the film-within-the-film

     His mother died in genocide

  • Gorky

     Armenian refugee

     painter / boy in the painting

Slide10 l.jpg

  • Ali

     Turkish-Canadian actor

     Playing an

    evil Turkish military officer

    in Saroyan's film.

  • David

     Canadian customs officer

     Interrogated Raffi

     whose son (Philip) is having a

    homosexual relationship with Ali

Ani raffi 1 l.jpg
Ani & Raffi (1)

  • The poem (foreshadowing)

    • Different interpretation between Ani & Raffi.

      • The girl is crazy/angry.

    • A voyage of seeking passion.

    • Taken out the heart, her mother says

      • “my poor boy, did you hurt yourself.”

Ani raffi 2 l.jpg
Ani & Raffi (2)

  • Raffi tries to find his origin (a voyage.)

    • Through parents

    • Making film for both Ani and himself.

      • Origin of what?

        • Painting – sketch – photograph – art work.

    • media

      • Through camera and art work.

    • The representation ofthe origin.

      • A connection with the past.

      • From history to the present.

Gorky his mother l.jpg
Gorky & his mother

  • Where Ani and Raffi’s relation extend

    • Ani was projected that Raffi would leave her

      • Projection not necessarily would cause confusion.

  • Gorky

    • Develops sentiments through the process of drawing.

      • A connection with the past.

      • Repetition

        • Pencil -> oil -> erase.

David philip 1 l.jpg
David & Philip (1)

  • As a Customs officer. (Value system)

    • Superintend Subjects simply as figures.

      • Pomegranate (film-maker.)

  • Value system

    • Could understand what is tangible, but not feeling.

David philip 2 l.jpg







David & Philip (2)

  • The issue brought by “Amen.”

    • Religion, gender, and race.

      • Christianity.

      • Homosexual.

David philip 3 l.jpg






David & Philip (3)

  • Raffi telling David his story.

    • Through Words, tapes, journal.

  • David buys it

    • Let him go, without punishment.

    • Reminds him of Philip.

  • Develops tolerance

    • Cans of film=heroin.

    • Issue between Philip and him.

      • Gender, religion.

Trauma l.jpg


The wound only speaks when we look back

Freudian psychoanalytic theory l.jpg
Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory

  • Defense mechanisms

    -The purpose of the Ego Defense Mechanisms is to protect the mind/self/ego from anxiety, social sanctions or to provide a refuge from a situation with which one cannot currently cope.

Traumatized characters celia gorky l.jpg
Traumatized Characters: Celia & Gorky

  • Celia - death of her father

     “yours [father] died like a hero, mine

    died in a stupid accident, according to

    her [Ani]”

     blaming Ani: during the lecture,

    displacement of her trauma “he

    needed to destroyed what he made”


Slide21 l.jpg

 refusing to believe Ani’s explanation(1:16:10)

Ani: “Listen, I didn’t see him fall…”

 intention to destroy the painting:


Slide22 l.jpg

  • Gorky

    - survivor, witness of the war

    - the image of mother’s hands (18:00/22:40)

    - being silent, only communicate with the painting

    - wiping off his mother’s hands with his hands: from brush to hands (16:52/1:25:40)

    - unfinished hands: opened wound

    - the usage of oil paint: repetition compulsion

Historical trauma traumatized armenian people l.jpg
Historical Trauma: Traumatized Armenian People

  • Women being raped

    - little girl underneath her mother, holding hand in hand

  • German woman (1:23:17)

     Disgrace of humanity: the war not only kills people but also kills human dignity

Retelling history l.jpg

Retelling History

“finding a way to articulate history, identifying what it means to you and what it might mean to others”

Film within the film l.jpg
Film within the film

  • Representation of history/past

    • Clarence Ussher ‘s journal

    • The brutal scenes

  • Gorky in the film

    • a cruel joke

    • a constructed image

  • Ararat/Van

    • poetic license or distortion

  • Authority

    • the camera and the set

Raffi and the film l.jpg
Raffi and the film

  • initiation to find his origin

  • connection with the past

     to understand his position/cultural identity

Slide27 l.jpg

  • Questioning History

    • Twisted, modified

    • Subjective history

      • Ali vs. Raffi and Saroyan

      • Terrorist or freedom fighter (Raffi’s father)

        ” Every true history is contemporary history”

  • Interpretation

    • The flower on Gorky’s painting

      • A fragrant gift to his absent father

      • Cover the lost bottom

Slide29 l.jpg

  • Pomegranate—cultural father

    • Relate to his mother/Armenia

  • Cans

     emotional items

     meaningless objects (state apparatus)

  • Mt. Ararat

    • National and religious identity

Slide30 l.jpg

Conclusion l.jpg

  • Button

     symbolizes “wound”

  • Sewing button

     Stitch parts and facts together

     Healing wound

Conclusion32 l.jpg

  • Did genocide really happen?

    Armenians Claims:

     Ottoman Empire committed genocide to the Armenian

    people, they called it the Armenian Genocide

  • What about Turkey’s stands?

    Turkey Claims:

     Deny the word “genocide”

     During World War I, many Armenians died, but Turks died as well

     Inter-ethnic violence and the wider conflict of World War I