U s response to terrorism
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U. S. RESPONSE TO TERRORISM. PART III APRIL, 2013. “WHAT OTHER MILITARY PROGRAMS HAS US USED…?”. COVERT METHODS 1. “Extraordinary rendition”: secret programs for secret locations Detainees taken to secret prisons in Egypt, Syria, Uzbekistan, & Algeria Extreme methods to gather info. #2.

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U. S. RESPONSE TO TERRORISM

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U s response to terrorism

U. S. RESPONSE TO TERRORISM

PART III

APRIL, 2013


What other military programs has us used

“WHAT OTHER MILITARY PROGRAMS HAS US USED…?”

  • COVERT METHODS

  • 1. “Extraordinary rendition”: secret programs for secret locations

  • Detainees taken to secret prisons in Egypt, Syria, Uzbekistan, & Algeria

  • Extreme methods to gather info


U s response to terrorism

#2

  • Guantanamo Bay

  • “Black site” CIA

  • Prisons—Obama wants them closed


Gitmo

GITMO


Gitmo protest

GITMO PROTEST


3 drone attacks

#3: DRONE ATTACKS

  • UAV: Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

  • Remote control

  • CIA has targeted Afghanistan, Pakistan, Yemen, & Somalia

  • Since 2004: 1300-2100 militants in Pakistan killed

  • Large number of civilians killed, villages attacked


Drones

DRONES


Remote control

REMOTE CONTROL


Controversial

CONTROVERSIAL


Drones1

DRONES

  • Unacknowledged, but known

  • Successful against al Qaeda

  • 2009: 58 attacks

  • 2010: 117 attacks

  • Controversial: a. civilians attacked & killed b. secret, so difficult to determine legitimacy of attacks—no public debate or discussion


Drones2

DRONES

  • Assassination of terrorist leaders—no prisoners or trials of leaders

  • Anwar al-Awlaki—anti-US cleric

  • Debate: illegal or legal?

  • Government defense: Military enemies of USA, threats to US security


Other measures against al qaeda terrorism

OTHER MEASURES AGAINST AL QAEDA & TERRORISM

  • ECONOMIC WEAPONS: 1.Clinton: block $ transactions b/ al Qaeda & US companies, citizens 2. Bush: Banks & charities sending $ to terrorists 3. US pressures foreign banks al Qaeda cannot use “normal” banks—uses couriers 4. US: more funding for HEW in nations where terrorism is a problem


O bama june 2009

O’Bama—June, 2009

  • “We…know that military power alone is not going t solve the problems in Afghanistan and Pakistan.”


Post 9 1 relations b us et al

Post 9/1 relations b/ US et al.

  • Uk, France, Russia, et al

  • Diplomatic support

  • Shared intelligence

  • Opposition to war in Iraq

  • Opposition to treatment of terrorists

  • O’Bama has reached out to Muslim world


O bama at al azhar u cairo 6 2009

O’Bama at Al-Azhar U, Cairo 6/2009

  • “I have come here to seek a new beginning b/ the US & Muslims around the world; one based upon mutual interest and mutual respect; one based upon the truth that America & Islam are not exclusive, and need not be in competition. Instead, they overlap, & share common principles—principles of justice & progress; tolerance & dignity of all human beings.”


Pakistan

Pakistan

  • US ally

  • Previous support of Taliban

  • Pos 9/11 allowed US troops based in Pakistan

  • And, US lifted sanctions caused by Pakistani nuclear test in 1998

  • Pakistani border: haven for terrorists—key problem


Bin laden

Bin Laden

  • His death: problem; increased tensions b/ US & Pakistan

  • Abbottabad: 1 mile from military academy; 40 miles from capital city

  • Pakistani intelligence??

  • Pakistanis angry that US entered w/o permission

  • Pakistan: doesn’t feel like an = partner in fight against al Qaeda & Taliban


Domestic security

Domestic Security

  • Balance b/ principle & security

  • Department of Homeland Security

  • Created by Bush 43

  • Response to domestic terrorism

  • Key issues:

  • Civil defense

  • Trade

  • Infrastructure

  • Visitors & Immigration

  • Border Control


Civil defense

Civil Defense

  • Prepare for domestic attack

  • Stockpiling meds & vaccines

  • Responses to chemical, biological, or nuclear attack

  • Hurricane Katrina response was alarming

  • More funding for emergency ops, communications, hospital preparedness


Trade

Trade

  • Economic openness

  • International trade: $3 trillion

  • Increased traffic of goods—complications

  • In a crisis: transportation system (and trade) was shut down

  • Challenge: how to keep transportation functioning


Infrastructure

Infrastructure

  • Transportation

  • Telecommunications equipment

  • Water & power supplies: critical to sound economy


Infrastructure1

Infrastructure

  • Limited areas: oil deliveries in regional ports

  • Attack on a port can paralyze US economy

  • E. G., US Cole in Yemen in 2000

  • New challenges strain Coast Guard personnel & equipment


Visitors immigration

Visitors/Immigration

  • 2010: 60 million visitors in USA

  • 9/11 hijackers: foreign nationals

  • FBI received info on 2 9/11 hijackers relating to U. S. Cole—could not find them

  • INS: no luck

  • No awareness of immediate threat, so no nitification of FAA, et al


Visitors immigaration

Visitors/Immigaration

  • How to keep track of overstay or misuse visa

  • Need more personnel

  • Need technology that enables shared intell b/ all US agencies

  • US openness is key to economic success: immigration brings skills and labor supply


Border control

Border Control

  • Thousands of miles of borders

  • 350 international points of entry into USA

  • Vulnerable to: 1) illegal economic immigration; 2) drug smuggling; 3) entrance of international terrorists

  • Safety vs. surveillance


Shared intelligence

Shared Intelligence

  • Homeland Security Department works with USICS Customs Service Border Patrol Et al

  • Need: updated electronic information systems—p. 27


Questions to ponder

QUESTIONS TO PONDER

  • 1. Whys has the USA been targeted by terrorists?

  • 2. Why do some think that many Americans will die on American soil?

  • 3. Why and with whom has the US forged many alliances in the war on terror?


Continued

CONTINUED

  • 4. Name 5 domestic issues that the USA faces in the war on terror. Explain 2 in detail.


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