Introduction relevance of domestic biogas for development
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 13

Introduction Relevance of domestic biogas for development PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 81 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Introduction Relevance of domestic biogas for development. PPRE Oldenburg University biogas compact course April 26 – 28, 2011. Presenters. Dr . Henri Spanjers

Download Presentation

Introduction Relevance of domestic biogas for development

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Introduction relevance of domestic biogas for development

IntroductionRelevance of domestic biogas for development

PPRE Oldenburg Universitybiogas compact courseApril 26 – 28, 2011


Presenters

Presenters

Dr. Henri Spanjers

Based in Wageningen, The Netherlands. Project Director with LettingaAssociates Foundation (LeAF) at Wageningen University.

email: [email protected]

Willem Boers

Based in Addis Abeba, Ethiopia. Advisor to the Ethiopia National Domestic Biogas Programme and RE advisor for SNV.

email: [email protected]

Steven von Eye

Based in Groningen, the Netherlands. Energy Analyst for the Energy Delta Institute

email: [email protected]

Felix ter Heegde

Based in Nairobi, Kenya. Regional biogas / RE advisor for SNV

email: [email protected]


Domestic biogas

Domestic biogas

  • Large scale dissemination of household bio-digesters;

  • Minimum daily feeding 20kg of animal dung (cattle, buffalos, pigs, chicken) possibly with a toilet attachment, maximum feeding about 200kg;

  • Replacing about 5kg of firewood, 1.5 kg of charcoal or 0.6litre of kerosene per 25kg dung/day;

  • Investment cost in Asia between US$ 350 and 800. In Africa considerably more expensive.


Biogas energy

Biogas: energy …

  • Over 2 billion people worldwide lack access to clean, safe and sustainable domestic energy services.

  • Lack of access to adequate, affordable, reliable, safe and environmentally benign energy is a severe constraint on development.

  • A lack of access to clean and affordable energy can be considered a core dimension of poverty.


And so much more

and so much more … :


Mdg domestic biogas i

MDG & domestic biogas I

MDG 1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hungerTarget 1To halve extreme poverty

  • Construction and installation of biogas creates employment for landless rural people.

  • Biogas saving on the use of traditional cooking fuels increases the availability of these fuels for (very) poor members of the community.

    MDG 3 Promote gender equality and empower womenTarget 4Eliminate gender disparity in education.

  • Domestic biogas reduces the workload –collection of firewood, tending the fire, cleaning soot of cooking utensils - with 2 to 3 hours per household per day.

  • Biogas illumination is highly appreciated for lighting, facilitating reading / education / economic activities during the evening.


Mdg domestic biogas ii

MDG & domestic biogas II

MDG 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseasesTarget 8Halt/reverse incidence of malaria and other diseases.

  • Biogas substitutes conventional energy sources, virtually eliminating indoor smoke pollution and, hence, the related health risks (e.g. respiratory diseases, eye ailments, burning accidents).

  • Biogas greatly reduces the workload involved in the collection of traditional cooking fuels like wood.


Mdg domestic biogas iii

MDG & domestic biogas III

  • Biogas significantly improves the sanitary condition of farm yard and its immediate surrounding, lowering the exposure of household members to harmful infections generally related with polluted water and poor sanitation.

  • Proper application of bio-slurry will improve agricultural production (e.g. vegetable gardening), thus contributing to food security for the community.


Mdg domestic biogas iv

MDG & domestic biogas IV

MDG 7 Ensure environmental sustainabilityTarget 9Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources.

  • Particularly larger biogas dissemination programmes have a considerable governance component. As such, they positively influence national policies on sustainable development (e.g. agriculture, forestation) as well as promote participatory governance involving women and other disadvantaged groups.


Mdg domestic biogas v

MDG & domestic biogas V

MDG 7 Ensure environmental sustainability

Target 10Halve the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation.

  • Biogas reduces fresh water pollution as a result of improved management of dung. Connection of the toilet to the biogas plant significantly improves the farmyard sanitary condition.


Development at different levels

Development at different levels

  • Farmers;

  • Craftsmen, engineers and maintenance workers;

  • Governments;

  • International Community.


Course topics

Course Topics

Technical aspects

bio-chemical process, plant designs, plant sizing, appliances

Economic aspects

financial returns, subsidies, emission calculations and marketing of credits

Large scale dissemination

programme set-up / sector development


Introduction relevance of domestic biogas for development

Download biogas simulation software from:

http://envirosim.com/bw31setup.exe

All materials will be available by the end of the week on: http://sites.google.com/site/biogas4all/ .

We hope you’ll enjoy the course,

Henri,

Steven,

Felix.


  • Login