Paul Dean. Murderous Repetition: “Macbeth as Echo Chamber” English Studies 80.3 (1999) : 216-23. Thesis Statement.
“Macbeth as Echo Chamber”
English Studies 80.3 (1999) : 216-23
Ring the alarum bell! Murder and treason!
Banquo and Donaldbain! Malcolm, awake.
Shake off this downy sleep, death’s counterfeit,
And look on death itself. Up, up, and see
The Great doom’s image. Malcolm, Banquo,
As from your graves rise up and walk like sprites
To countenance this horror! Ring the Bell . (2.3. 73-80)
‘O horror, horror, horror!’ (2.3.63)
‘O gentle lady,/ Tis not for you to hear what I can
speak,/ The repetition in a woman’s ear
Would murder as it fell.’ (2.3.83-6)
‘Do not bid me speak:/See and then speak yourselves’
‘Speak, speak,’ (2.3.83)
Weird Sisters are fond of repetition
I’ll do, and I’ll do and I’ll do. (1.3.10)
Show me, show me. (1.3.27)
A drum, a drum (1.3.30)
a. Lady Macbeth:
‘Walk like Sprites’ in her nightgown.
‘perhaps assumed, perhaps sincere-,
Had I but died an hour before this chance.’ (2.3.91-)
‘ Ring the alarum bell ’
Sleep Walking scene
Lament for the death of his wife: ‘Tomorrow, and tomorrow , and tomorrow…’ (5.5.19)
After seeing the moving of Birman Wood – ‘Ring the alarum bell’ (by Macbeth)Echoes to other Acts in the Play
why do you start and seem to fear
Things that do sound so fair? (1.3.51-2)
let me enfold thee
And hold thee to my heart. (1.4.31-2)
Point against point, rebellious are ’gainst arm. (1.2.56)
It will have blood they say: blood will have blood. (3.4.122)
symmetries point to an underlying pattern, an order waiting to emerge.
To the ghost of Banquo:
“Thou hast no
speculation in those eyes/ where thou dost glare with” (3.4.93-4)
(Latin speculum a mirror)
the living death of
And yet the eighth appears, who bears a glass. (4.1.119)
Images from: www.geocities.com/athens/ parthenon/7781/art.htmlMirror Images=Visual Echoes
Was the hope drunk
Wherein you dressed yourself? Has it slept since?
And wakes it now to look so green and pale
At what it did so freely?
Her reference to Macbeth’s cowardice as like a man with hangover looking at himself in a mirror.
Images from: www.lynchmultimedia.com/ macbeth_parallel.htmlMirror Images=Visual Echoes
may serve to intensify the sense of claustrophobia, the impossibility, for Macbeth, of avoiding final self-confrontation and self-knowledge. Therefore, Jean Dean’s essay aims to show how, once has begun to think about Macbeth, one keeps on hearing reverberations in the play.